WHAT IS THE DESCRIPTION OF THE 58,& 59th TECHNIQUE OF MEDITATION ( THIRTEEN TECHNIQUES CONCERNE
THE INTERPRETATION OF THE 58th TECHNIQUE OF MEDITATION ;-
1-LORD SHIVA REPLIES;-
''This so-called universe appears as a juggling, a picture show... to be happy look upon it so.''
2-This whole world is just like a drama, so don’t be too serious about it. Seriousness will force you into trouble, you will get into trouble. Don’t be serious about it. Nothing is serious; this whole world is just a drama. If you can look to the whole world as a drama you will regain your original consciousness. The dust gathers because you are so serious. That seriousness creates problems, and we are so serious that even while seeing a drama we gather dust.
3-Go to a picture house and look at the spectators. Don’t look at the screen, forget the picture; don’t look at the screen; just look at the spectators in the hall. Someone will be weeping and tears will be rolling down, someone will be laughing ;Just look at people. What are they doing & What is happening to them? And there is nothing on the screen, just pictures ... pictures of light and shadow. The screen is vacant.
4-But they are weeping, crying, laughing. The picture is not just a picture; the film is not just a film. They have forgotten that it is just a story. They have taken it seriously. It has “become alive”! It is “real”! And this is happening everywhere, not only in a picture house. Look at the life that is all around you.
5-Many people have lived on this earth. Where you are sitting, at least ten dead bodies are buried in that place, and they too were serious like you. Now they are no more. Where have their lives gone? Where have their problems gone? They were fighting ...fighting for a single inch of earth, and the earth is there and they are no more.
6- Their problems were also ...as your problems are problems. They were “serious” .. problems of life and death. But where are their problems? And if the whole humanity should disappear anyday, the earth will be there, the trees will grow, the rivers will flow and the sun will rise, and the earth will not feel any absence or wonder where humanity is.
7-Look at the expanse.. look backwards, look forwards, look to all dimensions at what you are, what your life is. It looks like a long dream, and everything that you take so seriously this moment becomes useless the next moment. You may not even remember it.
8-Whatsoever you are thinking that your life depends on today will be forgotten. Life is a flux, nothing remains. It is like a moving film, everything changing into everything else. But in the moment you feel it is very serious, and you get disturbed. This technique says, “THIS SO-CALLED UNIVERSE APPEARS AS A JUGGLING, A PICTURE SHOW. TO BE HAPPY, LOOK UPON IT SO.”
9-In India, we have called this world not a creation of God, but a play, a game, a LEELA. This concept of LEELA is beautiful, because creation seems serious. The word 'God' seems to be so serious. He should not be disobeyed. And if he is disobeyed, he is going to take revenge, and the revenge has been so long.Because Adam disobeyed he was thrown out of heaven, and the revenge seems so long.
10- Jesus was crucified just to redeem us ..to redeem us from that sin that Adam committed. So the whole Christian concept of history hangs on two persons ..Adam and Jesus. Adam committed the sin, and Jesus suffered to redeem us from it and allowed himself to be crucified. He suffered so that Adam’s sin may be forgiven. But it doesn’t seem that God has forgiven yet. Jesus was crucified, but humanity goes on suffering in the same way.
11-The very concept of God as a father is serious. The Indian concept is not of a creator. God is just a player; he is not serious. This is just a game. Rules are there, but rules of a game. You need not be serious about them. 12-Nothing is sin .. only error, and you suffer because of error, not because God punishes you. You suffer because of the rules you don’t follow. God is not punishing you. The whole concept of LEELA gives life a dramatic colour; it becomes a long drama. And this technique is based on this concept: “THIS SO-CALLED UNIVERSE APPEARS AS A JUGGLING, A PICTURE SHOW. TO BE HAPPY, LOOK UPON IT SO.”
13-If you are unhappy, you have taken it too seriously. And don’t try to find any way how to be happy. Just change your attitude. You cannot be happy with a serious mind. With a festive mind, you can be happy. Take this whole life as a myth, as a story. It is one, but once you take it this way you will not be unhappy.
14-Unhappiness comes out of too much seriousness. Try for seven days; for seven days remember only one thing — that the whole world is just a drama ..and you will not be the same again. Just for seven days.. You are not going to lose much because you don’t have anything to lose.
You can try it. For seven days take everything as a drama, just as a show. 15-These seven days will give you many glimpses of your buddha nature, of your inner purity. And once you have the glimpse you cannot be the same again. You will be happy, and you cannot conceive of what type of happiness can happen to you because you have not known any happiness.
16-You have known only degrees of unhappiness: sometimes you were more unhappy, sometimes less unhappy, and when you were less unhappy you called it happiness. You don’t know what happiness is because you cannot know. When you have a concept of the world in which you are taking it very seriously, you cannot know what happiness is. Happiness happens only when you are grounded in this attitude, that the world is just a play.
17-So try this, and do everything in a very festive way, celebrating, doing an “act” ..not a real thing.Make it just a game. And there are rules, of course; any game to be played needs rules ;for example marriage is a rule , but don’t be serious about them. They are rules, and one rule begets another; and then look how the quality of your life immediately changes.
18-Go to your home this night, and behave with your parents,wife or husband or your children as if you are doing a part in a drama, and see the beauty of it. If you are playing a part you will try to be efficient, but you will not get disturbed. There is no need. You will do the part and go to sleep. But remember, it is a part, and for seven days continuously follow this attitude. Then happiness can happen to you, and once you know what happiness is you need not move into unhappiness, because it is your choice.
19-You are unhappy because you have chosen a wrong attitude towards life. You can be happy if you choose a right attitude. Buddha pays so much attention to “right attitude.” He makes it a base, a foundation — “right attitude.” What is right attitude? What is the criterion?When the mind has a sense of steady equanimity, firm and unwavering...is right attitude.The criterion is subjective; your happiness is the criterion.
The attitude that makes you unhappy and miserable is the wrong attitude.
WHAT IS THE MEANING OF EQUANIMITY?-
1-"Equanimity" is a state of psychological stability and composure which is undisturbed by experience of or exposure to emotions, pain, or other phenomena that may cause others to lose the balance of their mind.It is a reflective level of noble right concentration as the mental
state in which transcendent discernment can arise.
2-The word "equanimity" is used in in two basic senses:-
1) a neutral feeling in the absense of pleasure and pain,
2) an attitude of even-mindedness in the face of every sort of experience, regardless of whether pleasure and pain are present or not.
3-The virtue and value of equanimity is extolled and advocated by a number of major religions and ancient philosophies.In Hinduism the term for equanimity
4-ACORDING to Bhagavad Gita ..
''Perform your duty equipoised, O Arjuna, abandoning all attachment to success or failure. Such equanimity is called yoga.''
5-In his book Samatvam - The Yoga of Equanimity, Swami Shivananda states...
"An aspirant who treads the path to samatvam must make every effort to acquire the following essential qualities: Viveka, discrimination; vairagya, dispassion; shadsampat, the six virtues (shama, mental calmness and control; dama, restraint of the senses; uparati, sense withdrawal or pratyahara; titiksha, endurance; shraddha, faith and samadhana, mental balance); and an intense desire for liberation, mumukshutva. In order to possess the virtue of Samatvam, he will also need to dedicate himself to steadying the mind every moment of his yoga career..."
6-Another Sanskrit term for equanimity is upekṣhā. This is the term used by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras . Here upekṣhā is considered to be one of the four sublime attitudes, along with loving-kindness (maitri), compassion (karuṇā), and joy (mudita). It is related to the idea of Vairagya or "dispassion". The Upeksha Yoga school foregrounds equanimity as the most important tenet of a yoga practice.
7-In many Yoga traditions, the virtue of equanimity can be one of the results attained through regular meditation, combined with regular practice of pranayama, asanas and mental disciplines, which clear the mind and bring one inexorably toward a state of health and balance.
THE INTERPRETATION OF THE 59th TECHNIQUE OF MEDITATION ;-
1-LORD SHIVA REPLIES;-
''Oh beloved, put attention neither on pleasure nor on pain, but between these''.
2-Everything is polar, and mind moves from one polarity to another, never staying in between. Have you known any moment when you were neither happy nor unhappy? Have you known any moment when you were neither healthy nor sick?Have you known any moment when you
were neither this nor that, when you were just in between, just in the middle, right in the middle?
3-Mind moves from one pole to another immediately. If you are happy, sooner or later you will move to unhappiness, and you will move immediately: the happiness will disappear and you will be unhappy.
If you are feeling good, sooner or later you will feel bad, and there is no point where you stay in between. You move immediately from this to that. Just like the pendulum of an old clock, you move from left to right, from right to left, and the pendulum goes on moving.
4-There is a secret law.. when the pendulum is going to the left, it appears to be going to the left, but it is gathering momentum (the force or speed of an object in motion) to go right. When it is going to the left, it is gathering energy, momentum, to go right; when it is going right, it is gathering momentum to go left. So what appears is not the whole. When you are becoming happy, you are gathering momentum to be unhappy. So whenever you laugh, the moment is not far away when you will be weeping.
5-In Indian villages, the mothers know this, so when a child starts laughing too much they say, “Stop him; otherwise he will weep.” It is bound to be so. If a child is so much happy, the next step can be nothing but unhappiness. Thus, they stop him. Otherwise he will be unhappy. But the same applies to the reverse, and that is not known. When a child is weeping and you try to stop him, you are not only stopping his weeping; you are stopping his next step.
6-He cannot be happy now. When a child is weeping, allow him. Help him to weep more so that when weeping is finished he has gathered momentum. Now he can move to the right, he can be happy.
Now psychoanalysts say that when a child is weeping and screaming, don’t stop him, don’t try to persuade him, don’t distract him. Don’t try to focus his mind somewhere else; don’t bribe him to stop.
7-Don’t do anything. Just remain silent near him, and allow him to weep and cry and scream so that he can move easily to happiness. Otherwise, neither will he be able to weep nor will he be able to be happy. That is how we all have become. We cannot do anything. The smile is half-hearted, the tear is also half-hearted; everything is confusion.
8-But this is the natural law of mind. It moves from one pole to another. This technique is to change this natural law: “OH BELOVED, PUT ATTENTION NEITHER ON PLEASURE NOR ON PAIN, BUT BETWEEN THESE.” Any of the polarities can be chosen, and try to be just in between. What can you do to be in between? How will you be in between? One thing: when pain is there, what can you do? When pain is there, you want to escape from it. You don’t want it; you try to go away from it. Your effort is to go to the opposite ... to be happy, to be joyful.
9-When there is happiness, what do you do? Your effort is to cling to it so that the other pole may not enter ...When happiness is there you cling; when pain is there you escape. This is the natural attitude. If you want to change this natural law and transcend it, when pain is there don’t try to escape. Remain with it. You will disturb the whole natural mechanism. You have a headache: remain with it. Close your eyes, meditate on the headache; remain with it. Don’t do anything. Just be a witness; don’t try to escape.
10-When happiness is there and you are feeling especially blissful in any particular moment, don’t cling to it. Close your eyes and remain a witness to it all. Clinging or escaping are natural for the dust-covered mind. If you remain a witness, sooner or later you will fall in between because the natural law is to move to the polarity, to the polar opposite. If you remain a witness, you are in between.
11-Gautam Buddha has called his whole philosophy MAJJHIM NIKAYA ...the middle way, because of this technique. He says remain in the middle always; no matter what the polarity, remain always in the middle. By witnessing one remains in the middle. The moment you lose your witnessing you either become attached or repulsed. If you are repulsed you will go to the other extreme; if you are attached you will try to remain at this extreme, but you will never be in between.
12-Just be a witness. Don’t be attracted, don’t be repulsed. The headache is there; accept it. It is there as a fact. As a tree is there, as the house is there, as the night is there, the headache is there. Accept it and close your eyes. Don’t try to escape from it.
13-You are happy; accept the fact. Don’t cling to it, and don’t try not to become unhappy; don’t try anything. If unhappiness comes, allow it. If happiness comes, allow it. Just remain a watcher on the hill, just seeing things. The morning comes, and then evening comes, and then the sun rises, and then the sun sets and there are stars and darkness, and again the sun rises ...and you are just a watcher on the hill. You cannot do anything. You simply see.
14-The morning has come; you note the fact, and you know that now the evening will come because the evening follows the morning. And when the evening comes you note the fact, and you know that now the morning will be coming because the morning follows the evening.When pain is there,you are just a watcher. You know that pain has come,and sooner
or later it will go, and the polar opposite will come.
15-And when happiness has come, you know that it is not going to remain always. Unhappiness will be just hidden somewhere, it will be coming. You remain a watcher. If you can watch without attraction and without repulsion you will fall in the middle, and once the pendulum stops in the middle you can look for the first time at what the world is.
16-While you are moving, you cannot know what the world is; your movement confuses everything. Once you are not moving, you can look at the world. For the first time you know what reality is. A non-moving mind knows what reality is; a moving mind cannot know what reality is.
17-Your mind is just like a camera: you go on moving and taking shots, but whatsoever comes is just a confusion because the camera must not move. If the camera is moving, the pictures are going to be just a confusion.
18-Your consciousness is moving from one pendulum to another, and whatsoever you know of reality is just a confusion, a nightmare. You don’t know what is what; everything is confused, missed. If you remain in the middle and the pendulum has stopped, if your consciousness is focused now, centered, then you know what reality is. Only a mind that is unmoving can know what the truth is. “OH BELOVED, PUT ATTENTION NEITHER ON PLEASURE NOR ON PAIN, BUT BETWEEN THESE.”