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THE LEGEND;- 1-It is interesting to contemplate on the circumstances under which Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram came into existence. Yudhishthira, the eldest of the five Pandavas, was mentally depleted because of the war with the Kauravas and the misery of death and suffering that was created by the war in which he had been a major player. 2-Bhishma, his dear grandfather, was lying on his deathbed. With his passing away, his irreplaceable wisdom, based on the experiences of his long life of virtue, righteousness and devotion, was about to be lost to the world. 3-Sage Vyasa and Sri Krishna advised Yudhishthira, who himself was an epitome of righteousness and virtue, to seek the advice of Bhishma on any and all aspects of life on which he had any doubts. 4-Yudhishthira did as advised, and a series of dialogs ensued between the two, witnessed by Lord Krishna Himself, and by other great sages including Vedavyasa. 5-In one of these sessions, Yudhishthira sought Bhishma's advice on the easiest and best means by which mankind can attain lasting happiness, peace of mind, and relief from all bondage and sorrows. 6-This was the setting in which Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram was imparted, with the welfare of future generations also in mind, by Bhishma to Yudhishthira, as part of the advice given by Bhishma in response to the above question. WHAT IS THE COMPOSITION?- 05 FACTS;- 1-Sri Vedavyasa is the rishi of Sri Vishnu's one thousand names, i.e., the sage who strung together the thousand names as they were revealed by Bhishma to Yudhishthira. Anushtup (eight syllables per quarter) is its meter. Lord Krishna, the son of Devaki, is the Lord being worshiped. 2--There are over forty commentaries on Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram. Sri Adi Shankara's commentary is the earliest of them. Sri Parasara Bhatta, a disciple of a disciple of Sri Ramanuja, has written a detailed commentary. Sri Satyasandha Yatiswara from the Dvaita school is another prominant commentator. Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram, along with the Bhagavad Gita, is an integral part of the epic Mahabharata composed by Sage Vedavyasa (Vyasa is also the one who organized the vedas into the classifications as we know them today). 3-Of all the commentaries written by Sri Adi Shankara for our religious scriptures (the Bhagavad Gita, the Brahma Sutras, etc.), that on Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram was the very first one. Sri Shankara emphasizes the importance of reciting the Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram in his Bhaja Govindam . Six reasons are generally identified for the greatness of the Stotram. SIX REASONS are: 1. It is the essence of the Mahabharata. 2. Sages such as Narada, the Alwars, and composers including Saint Tyagaraja have made repeated references to the "Thousand Names of Vishnu" in their devotional works. 3. The person who strung together the thousand names as part of the Mahabharata and preserved it for the world was none other than Sage Vedavyasa, the foremost knower of the Vedas, and considered an incarnation of Vishnu . 4. It is the considered opinion of Bhishma that it is the best and easiest of all Dharmas, or the means to attain relief from all bondage. 5. It is widely accepted that the chanting of this Stotram gives relief from all sorrows and leads to happiness and peace of mind. 6. It is in conformity with the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita, Narayaneeya, etc. 4-Vyasa was the knower of all Vedas. Lord Krishna was a witness to the whole event involving the advice and revelation of the easiest and best means to achieve happiness and peace of mind, given by Bhishma to Yudhishthira. 5- As we know, the advice is in the form of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram. No other justification is needed to recognize the greatness of the education that is imparted to the human race through the medium of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram by Vyasa and Bhishma. WHAT IS THE ORGANIZATION?- 03 FACTS;- 1-Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram as printed for chanting purposes consists of three sections: 2-A prolog, which gives the background on why the Stotram was imparted to the great and just Yudhishthira by Bhishma. 3-The thousand names of Vishnu, organized in a poetic format in 107 stanzas, in the anushtup chandas, (a meter with eight syllables in a quarter), with two quarters per line, and two lines per stanza. WHAT IS THE PREFACE? 09 FACTS;- 1-In the introductory part of the Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram, Yudhishthira asks Bhishma six questions, related to how mankind can attain happiness. These are contained in two stanzas starting with "kim ekam daivatam loke" in the Stotram. These questions are: 1-Who is the One (Supreme) Deity? 2- What is the highest goal of life? 3-By praising which Deity's auspicious qualities will human beings attain prosperity in this world as well as bliss in the next? 4-By meditating on which Deity will human beings attain prosperity in this world as well as bliss in the next? 5-By reciting which mantra will man be released from the bondage of the cycle of birth and death? 6-Of the three means referred to above (i.e., recitation, praise or archana, and meditation), which is the best means for attaining the grace of the Supreme Deity based on your vast experience and knowledge? 2-Bhishma's response to the above questions follows in the next ten stanzas. In his considered opinion, a person tides over all the sorrows in this world by reciting with undiluted devotion the Thousand Names of the Eternal Person, worshiping Him always with devotion, meditating upon Him, glorifying Him, saluting Him by prostrating before Him, and adoring Him . 3-Bhishma adds that of all the dharmas, the dharma or practice involving service done to the Lotus-eyed Lord Krishna, without any desire for benefit, through worship (archana) and hymnal praise (stava), is the best dharma. 4-Note that praising is easy, involving only speech, and does not involve any material sacrifice or bodily exertion. It is open to all, and does not need help from, or dependence on, others. 5-Other kinds of worship might require money or other resources to perform the worship, or the need to impose on other people for their involvement (e.g., a priest to give instructions on the method of worship etc.). 6- For the purpose of chanting the name of God, there is also no constraint on the asrama (i.e., brahmacharya, grihasta, etc.) to which a person belongs, unlike, for example, the constraints that the vedas place in performing the ceremonial rites with sacrificial fire. 7-There is also no requirement regarding time, place, status of purity, etc., for the chanting of the stotram. The key element of the act of chanting as a means to attain the Lord's grace is the sincerity and purity of mind, and there is no other constraint or consideration. 8-In summary, Yudhishthira asks Bhishma: "Given my despair and sorrowful state of mind, I want to expend the least effort and get the most benefit out of it, viz. relief from my despair. Please tell me the means for this." 9-And Bhishma's response is "Chant the thousand names of Lord Krishna WITH DEVOTION. This does not require any effort other than the willingness to chant. This is the best way to get relief from all miseries, sorrows, and sins". THE THOUSAND NAMES;- 09 FACTS;- 1-One could legitimately ask the question: Why were these 1000 names chosen? Does the Parama Purusha get absolutely defined by these thousand names? The obvious answer is that God is Infinite and Indescribable, and can only be experienced, but cannot be translated into words and communicated from one to another. 2-The Vedas conclude that God is neither accessible to words nor to mind . In Isavasya Upanishad, it is said that you cannot reach (understand) the Paramatma with the human mind (reasoning) alone even if you spend all your life. This holds true even though mind can travel (think) faster than anything known to us, including the speed of light . 3-Given this Infinite nature of the Paramatma who is not governed or constrained by any of the physical laws as we know them, the choice of a thousand names of Vishnu by Bhishma should be recognized as a representation of some of the better-known qualities of Sriman Narayana that are repeatedly described in our great epics, Vedas, Puranas, etc., and sung by the devout sages repeatedly. THE BENEFITS;- 13 FACTS;- 1-As , traditionally our prayers end with a phala sruti - a section on the benefits of reciting the prayer. The Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram is no exception. 2-The necessity of cleansing our body regularly to maintain our physical hygiene and good health is recognized by every one. But perhaps because we do not "see" our mind the same way as we see our body (i.e., as an externally visible entity), the necessity of keeping our minds clean is not as clearly recognized. 3-However, those who do not "cleanse" their mind on a regular basis become "mentally" sick over a period of time, just as they become physically sick if they do not cleanse their body on a regular basis. 4-Prayers are a means to mental cleansing when they are chanted with sincerity and devotion. This aspect of the usefulness of prayers in everyone's life is common to all prayers. 5-The importance of Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram is that the deity being worshiped is none other than Vasudeva . Sri Vyasa points out that it is by the power and command of Vasudeva that the sun, the moon, the stars, the world, and the oceans are controlled . The whole universe of the Gods, Asuras, Gandharvas, etc., is under the sway of Lord Krishna . 6-In Bhishma's expert judgment, chanting Vasudeva's name with devotion and sincerity will ensure relief from sorrows and bondage. This in a nutshell is the phala sruti or the benefit of chanting Sri Vishnu Sahasranamam. 7-Some have held the view that the phala sruti need not be, or even should not be chanted, because they somehow feel that it smacks of selfish desires. This is not consistent with the age-old practices of our ancestors. 8- It is true that the phala sruti says that anything that is desired can be obtained if the prayer is sincere and offered with devotion. However, it is up to those who seek benefits through prayers that they should seek things that elevate them in life rather than lower them. 9-An example of the latter type is the case of the evil king Ravana, who had prayed and obtained enormous powers through his prayers to Lord Shiva. In the end, he lost all he had including himself by the misuse of his powers. 10-The phala sruti in Sri Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram was not just an add-on by someone trying to popularize the Stotram, but is an integral part of the Mahabharata text. Both Sri SHankara and Sri Parasara Bhatta have written commentaries to the phala sruti slokas. 11-Perhaps the most important of the benefits attained by one who chants the Stotram with devotion and sincerity is the cleansing of one's mind from all evil thoughts, and this is a very important and desirable benefit since this is the first step towards achieving pure happiness and absolute bliss. 12-Firmness of mind, good memory, happiness of the self (inner happiness), and freedom from anger, jealousy, and greed, are some of the benefits that accrue to one who recites the stotram with devotion and eagerness. The key is the sincerity of purpose and devotion. 13-The person who chants or recites is not the only one who benefits. Those who for whatever reason are unable to chant, benefit by just hearing the chanting .

भीष्म का उत्तर जो की भगवान विष्णु के 1000 नाम;-

ध्यानम;- शुक्लाम्बरधरं विष्णुं शशिवर्णं चतुर्भुजम् । प्रसन्नवदनं ध्यायेत् सर्वविघ्नोपशान्तये ॥१।। यस्य द्विरद्वात्राद्या: पारिषद्या: पर: शतम् । विघ्नं निघ्नंति सततं विश्वकसेनं तमाश्रये ।।२।। व्यासं वशिष्ठरनप्तारं शक्ते: पौत्रकल्मषम। पराशरात्मजं वंदे शुकतात तपोनिधिम।।३।। व्यासाय् विष्णुरुपाय व्यासरूपाय विष्णवे। नमो वै ब्रम्हनिधये वासिष्ठाय नमो नमः।।४।। अविकाराय शुद्धाय नित्याय परमात्मने। सदैकरूपरूपाय विष्णवे सर्वजिष्णवे।।५।। यस्य स्मरणमात्रेण जन्मा संसारबन्धनात्। विमुच्यते नमस्तस्मै विष्णवे प्रभविष्णवे।।६।। ॐ नमो विष्णवे प्रभविष्णवे। श्री वैशम्पायन उवाच। ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय नम: ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ॐ विश्वं विष्णु: वषट्कारो भूत-भव्य-भवत-प्रभुः । भूत-कृत भूत-भृत भावो भूतात्मा भूतभावनः ।। 1 ।। पूतात्मा परमात्मा च मुक्तानां परमं गतिः। अव्ययः पुरुष साक्षी क्षेत्रज्ञो अक्षर एव च ।। 2 ।। योगो योग-विदां नेता प्रधान-पुरुषेश्वरः । नारसिंह-वपुः श्रीमान केशवः पुरुषोत्तमः ।। 3 ।। सर्वः शर्वः शिवः स्थाणु: भूतादि: निधि: अव्ययः । संभवो भावनो भर्ता प्रभवः प्रभु: ईश्वरः ।। 4 ।। स्वयंभूः शम्भु: आदित्यः पुष्कराक्षो महास्वनः ।अनादि-निधनो धाता विधाता धातुरुत्तमः ।। 5 ।। अप्रमेयो हृषीकेशः पद्मनाभो-अमरप्रभुः । विश्वकर्मा मनुस्त्वष्टा स्थविष्ठः स्थविरो ध्रुवः ।। 6 ।। अग्राह्यः शाश्वतः कृष्णो लोहिताक्षः प्रतर्दनः । प्रभूतः त्रिककुब-धाम पवित्रं मंगलं परं ।। 7।। ईशानः प्राणदः प्राणो ज्येष्ठः श्रेष्ठः प्रजापतिः । हिरण्य-गर्भो भू-गर्भो माधवो मधुसूदनः ।। 8 ।। ईश्वरो विक्रमी धन्वी