WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE & HISTORY OF AMBUBACHI MELA (22nd June to 25th, 2018 )AT GUWAHATI'
Souls from throughout India are mixed with a sprinkling of tantrics and Shakti devotees from western countries. The Kamakhya temple in Assam is widely accepted as one of the most powerful Shakti temples on the Indian subcontinent. It is graced by an energy vortex that has drawn practitioners of yoga and tantra to her for more than two thousand years.
HISTORY OF MA KAMAKHYA TEMPLE;- 07- FACTS;- 1-No one knows exactly how many centuries Kamakhya has been a place of pilgrimage. Radiocarbon isotope studies by the department of Geo-Sciences, University of Guwahati, determined that there are two ancient levels of construction under the temple. The oldest is 2200 years and the second 1500 years.
2-The location may have been a tribal pilgrimage long before more extensive constructions. Taken together with other evidence, it is accepted that the temple has been rebuilt multiple times over the millennia.it is now believed that the temple was destroyed not by Kalapahar but during Hussein Shah's invasion of the Kamata kingdom (1498). 3-The ruins of the temple was said to have been discovered by Vishwasingha (1515–1540), the founder of the Koch dynasty, who revived worship at the site; but it was during the reign of his son, Naranarayan (1540–1587), that the temple reconstruction was completed in 1565. 4-According to historical records and epigraphic evidence, The current final structure has been rebuilt during the Ahom times, with remnants of the earlier Koch temple carefully preserved. 5-According to a legend, the Koch Bihar royal family was banned by Devi herself from offering puja at the temple. In fear of this curse, to this day no descendants of that family dares to even look upward towards the Kamakhya hill while passing by. 6-Without the support of the Koch royal family the temple faced a lot of hardship. By the end of 1658, the Ahoms under king Jayadhvaj Singha had conquered the Kamrup and their interests in the temple grew. In the decades that followed the Ahom kings, all who were either devout Shaivite or Shakta continued to support the temple by rebuilding and renovating it. 7-Older stone sculptures embedded in walls of the Natamandira, constructed during the Ahom rule. THE CURRENT STRUCTURE;- 05 FACTS;- 1-it is the main temple in a complex of individual temples dedicated to the ten Mahavidyas: Kali, Tara, Sodashi, Bhuvaneshwari, Bhairavi, Chhinnamasta, Dhumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamalatmika. Among these, Tripurasundari, Matangi and Kamala reside inside the main temple whereas the other seven reside in individual temples. 2-It is an important pilgrimage destination for Hindus and especially for Tantric worshipers. 3-The current structural temple, built and renovated many times in the period 8th-17th century, gave rise to a hybrid indigenous style that is sometimes called the Nilachal type: a temple with a hemispherical dome on a cruciform base. 4-The temple consists of four chambers: garbhagriha and three mandapas locally called calanta, pancharatna and natamandira aligned from east to west. 5-The temple has four prayer chambers:- Garbagriha, Calanta, Pancharatna, and Nata mandir among. The first and most important chamber leads to the sanctum of the temple which is in the form of a cave. Though the chamber does not house an idol or image of the goddess, there is a natural spring that resembles the womb of the goddess. HISTORY OF AMBUBACHI MELA;- 09 FACTS;- 1-Ambubachi Mela is celebrated during the month of ‘Aashadh’ of the Hindu calendar, in the Kamakhya Devi Temple in Assam. Kamakhya Temple is one of the 51(52 by some accounts)Shakti Peeths in Hindu Mythology and great reverence is shown by Hindus all over the world. 2-This year, the Ambubachi Mela shall be celebrated from 22nd June to 25th June.Ambubachi Mela is an annual fair organised at Guwahati’s Kamakhya Temple. The temple is perched on top of the Ninanchal hill and is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Assam. 3-The Kamakhya Temple is known to be one of the 52 shakti peethas of goddess Shakti. Legend has it that an angered Shakti jumped into fire after her father insulted Shiva, who then performed the tandava while carrying Shakti’s burning body. If Shiva would’ve completed the tandava, the universe would’ve been destroyed. 4-In order to stop him from doing so, Vishnu released his Sudharshan chakra that split Shakti’s body into 5 parts. The Kamakhya Temple was built where the goddess’s womb and genitals fell. 5-Each year in June, the Kamakhya Temple hosts the Ambubachi Mela. This year the fair will be held from June 22 to June 26. The temple remains closed for three days and is opened to the public on the fourth day of the fair. 6- The three days when the temple is closed for pilgrims is considered to be the time of the year when the goddess menstruates. It’s an auspicious period when women pray for fertility and celebrate the child bearing capabilities of women. 7-During the Ambubachi Mela, people gather near the temple in large numbers. Various tantrics and sadhus who avoid making public appearances on regular basis visit the temple complex for the festival. 8- On the fourth day of the Ambubachi Mela when the temple is opened to the public, everyone look forward to receiving a piece of cloth soaked in what’s said to be the goddess’s menstrual fluid. Ambubachi Mela is one of the unique fairs hosted in India. 9- Reason behind Ambubachi Mela: It is believed that the Earth menstruates for three days during this time. On the 4th day, the Ambubachi Mela is held. The main temple, as well as all the temples in the compound, is closed for Puja. A red silk cloth is offered to the deity as a symbol of the menstruation. The deity is made to rest during these days and only the simplest offerings are made. IS IT AN IMPORTANT CENTRE FOR SIDDHIS & SALVATION?- 12 FACTS;- 1-Kamakhya Devi is believed to be an incarnation of Goddess Kali, who is the presiding deity of the occult and Tantra. During this fair, tantriks from all over the country, as well as neighboring countries like Bangladesh and Nepal, descend at this place. 2-Apart from them, sadhus and sanyasis from far and wide come here.Mata kamakhya is the goddess of tantras and trantriks visit to this place to fulfill their wishes and to get siddhi in tantra knowledge. 3-This Mela is also famous as Ameti or tantrik fertility festival and it is observed for getting siddhi, tantraSakti and tantra knowledge. 4-People of India and a