NAME FOURTEEN HINDU TRDADITION WHICH ARE COMMON IN ALL RELIGIONS?
WHAT IS TRDADITION ?- 07 FACTS;- 1-Tradition is a belief or behavior passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past. Traditions can persist and evolve for thousands of years—the word "tradition" itself derives from the Latin tradere or traderer literally meaning to transmit, to hand over, to give for safekeeping. 2-Tradition is usually contrasted with the goal of modernity and should be differentiated from customs, conventions, laws, norms, routines, rules and similar concepts. 3-Tradition is the unwritten or oral delivery of information, opinions, doctrines, practices, rites, and customs, from father to son, or from ancestors to posterity; the transmission of any knowledge, opinions, or practice, from forefathers to descendants by oral communication, without written memorials is considered tradition. 4-It is believed that the world's oldest religion, Sanatan Hindu religion and jain religion has learnt a lot from the other religions of the world. Although the primitive religion has been influenced by Hindu, jain, Buddhist, Jews, Christian, parsi, Muslim etc. If we talk to the Jewish tradition, it is one of the ancient religions of the world. 5-Hazrat Ibrahim was about 1800 years ago. Moses was about 1300 years ago. But they were also before them, and the first of them was Adam. The researchers believe that the origin of man was in India. In this way we know that Hindu and Jewish tradition is the oldest. The three types of traditions have been met in each other. 6-If we talk about the early period, the research points out that king manu was Noah and Hazrat Ibrahim went from India to Ur (an important Sumerian city-state in ancient Mesopotamia). It is said that on 1900 BC there was rain on the earth. During the same time there was a tremendous earthquake. Due to this rain and earthquake, while the Indus River changed its direction, there were strong waves and storms in the saraswati river on the other side. 7-Half water of saraswati river was found in sindhu,& half water in Yamuna. Because of this natural disaster Sindhu Saraswati civilization was destroyed. It is believed that Ibrahim was the first among Arab migrants,who is called Hazrat Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition. Prophet Ibrahim is also a great personality to discuss in dialogues between Muslims, Jews and Christians. FOURTEEN HINDU TRDADITION WHICH ARE COMMON IN ALL ;- 1-THE TRADITION OF ATONEMENT;- 03 FACTS;- 1-Since ancient times, there has been a tradition of making atonement for the sins of Hindus going to the temple. The importance of making atonement is explained in detail in memory and mythology. In the Guru and the disciple tradition, the gurus explain different ways of atoning their disciple. 2-Forging for atrocities is another form of penance. It is said in the temple 108 times Sashtang Namaskar. walking around the temple, through acts such as Kaavadi, that is, the austerity which is offered to Lord Murugan.Kavadi Attam ("Burden Dance") is a ceremonial sacrifice and offering practiced by devotees during the worship of Lord Murugan, Originally, the forgiveness of their sins is sought from Lord Shiva and Varunadev, because they have the right to forgive. 3-In Jainism, 'forgiveness is a day of atonement'. This rule or tradition of both religions has also been included in the Christian and Muslim religions. In Christianity it is called 'Confessions' and 'Kaffara' in Islam. 2-THE TRADITION OF INITIATION;- 04 FACTS;- 1-The tradition of initiation has been ancient in Jainism, though it was used to convert to their religion. This tradition was adopted by Buddhists which is known as bapastimā. There are different ways of initiation in different religions. 2-Examples of initiation ceremonies might include Hindu diksha, Christian baptism or confirmation, Jewish bar or bat mitzvah, acceptance into a fraternal organization, secret society or religious order, or graduation from school or recruit training. 3-The practice of initiation was started by the Vedic sages. In ancient times, initiation was made to make the first disciple and a Brahmin.Diksha was given even when parents sent their children for education. Initiation is an oath, a contract and a resolution. 4-Initiation in Hinduism involves performing one of several rituals depending on the person being initiated and the Hindu group involved. Different traditions and sects treat diksa in various ways. Tantra mentions five types of initiation or diksa: initiation by a ritual or samaya-diksa; sparsa-diksa is an initiation by touch and is done without a ritual; vag-diksa is done by word or mantra; sambhavi-diksa is arising from perception of external appearance of the guru; mano-diksa is when initiation is performed in the mind. 3-THE TRADITION OF PARIKRAMA;- 04 FACTS;- 1-There is also the importance of parikrama in jain, Buddhist and Sikh religion including Hindu. In Islam there are 7 Parikrama of kaba located in Mecca.Parikrama has a major significance in Hinduism. Circumambulation mean that walking around a common place or a person walking around on his left side. It is also called 'Pradakshinana', which is a part of the hexadecimal(a base-16 number system) pooja. 2-The circulation of the orbits of temples, pilgrimages and yagya in India has remained prevalent since ancient times. 3-Lord Ganesha revolve around his parents and gave the message to the world that the biggest pilgrimage is only a parent. It is very important to circular 7 times (saptapadi). It is also done in front of fire in the 7 Parikrama marriages. Pradakshina is called Tawaf in Islam. 4-Pradakshina's practice is very old. From Vedic times, it has been understood to affect the person, Devamurthy, holy places or to show respect. The practice of orbiting in all religions of the world is the system of Hinduism. Even in the Kaaba,& it is also revived in Bodh Gaya. 4-THE TRADITION OF WEARING NON-STITCHED WHITE CLOTHES;- 02 FACTS;- 1-During Pooja-tirtha, pilgrim parikrama, yagya, & sacred karmas tradition of wearing white or yellow clothes has also been prevalent in ancient times.In Jainism this is the rule, to go temple only after wearing white clothes . Similarly, in Hajj, during the orbiting of Kaaba, Haji is wearing ehram, that is, two non-stitched white clothes. 2-When someone worships in Kashi,wearing the thread of three cotton yarn on the shoulder & the same white cloth then he is called a Dwij .Similarly ,when a Muslim wore them during the Hajj in Mecca Sharif, he is called Haji. 5-THE TRADITION OF DEFECATION & PURITY:- 02 FACTS;- 1-Toxicity and purification is necessary to go to the temple or pre-meditation or purification of Sandhavandan. This is called Vujus in Islam. In Hindu and Muslim religions, the same rules of this sacred karma have been described. 2-These rules will be found in all religions in some form. It is of great importance in Jainism and Buddhism. Prior to meditation, worship, prayers or prayer, body rectification is mentioned in all religions. Anyway, it is necessary to be holy before going to any place of worship. Toilets are called tayayum in Islam. This defecation is the part of Yoga Sutras. 6-THE PRACTICE OF CHANTING;- 07 FACTS;- 1-Chanting mantras, repeating the name of God, and meditating are practiced around the world in many religions. Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, and other religions and spiritual practices all utilize sound to achieve a connection with divinity. 2-Throughout history, chanting mantras has been one of the ancient and powerful spiritual practices to experience the divine light and divine love. Since ages, renowned Taoist, Buddhist, saints and other spiritual beings in many traditions have been practicing and sharing their mantras to serve millions of people worldwide. Today, millions of people recognize the benefits of chanting on the level of soul, heart, mind, and body. 3-Chanting is a process of gathering spiritual and divine energies that help transform any issue of life. Chanting mantras works because they carry soul frequency and vibration with love, forgiveness, compassion, and light. Soul frequency and vibration can transform the frequency and vibration of all life.The longer we sing or chant, the longer divine frequency and vibration are transforming the frequency of our souls, hearts, minds, and bodies. The more we sing or chant, the more blockages are removed & the purer we become. 4-Japa is an important part of Sikh worship practices. The two main Sikh scriptures open with sections, named after the term, and these are called Japji Sahib and Jaap Sahib. It is said that due to Buddhism, this tradition became popular in Arabia and Greece.The practice of dhikr by Sufis is similar to japa. 5- The process of chanting mantras is called Japa in Hinduism. We can do Japa in 5 ways 5-1-Vaachik Japa- Chanting loudly. 5-2-Upanshu Japa- Lips & tongues move without any sound outside. It is claimed to be have 100 times more effect than Vachik Japa. 5-3-Mansik Japa- Chant internally with mind & no movement of lips or tongue. The effect is 1000 times more than Upanshu Japa. 5-4-Sagarbha Japa- Inhale the breath, stop and chant internally without any movement of Lips/tongue. Do it as per your stamina. It is much more effective than Mansik Japa. 5-5-Agarbha Japa- Exhale the breath,stop and chant internally without any movement of Lips/tongue. Do it as per your stamina. It is much more effective than Sagarbha Japa. 6-Chanting is practiced in all religions,in Islam also . In Islam ,it is called Tasbih; to keep track of counting either the phalanges(The bones of the fingers and of the toes) of the right hand or a misbaha is used. Tasbih has 99 beads, which is chanting the 99 names of Allah. However, in some other chants, it also has 33 and 101 beams. By chanting "Tasbih" and "Tahmid", sins are eroded and virtue is attained. The Glory of the holy wood is made of the date-Palms, the pearl, the grain of Mecca, or the precious stone. It is also called to be tahalīla (said to rest). 7-Some Catholic prayer forms that involve repetition of prayers, such as use of the Rosary or one of various chaplets, are similar to, but not "japa", because the aim is different. Mental methods of repeated short prayers, very similar to japa are also used in Christian traditions, most notably the practice of repeating the Jesus Prayer found in the Eastern Orthodox Church. 7-THE TRADITION OF FASTING;- 09 FACTS;- 1-Fasting is the process where we do not eat anything for half day, one day or more. Fasting is observed in all the religions. Fasting is used as a treatment in Naturopathy as well as Ayurveda. Modern science has also started taking it seriously. Fasting done in scientific way can be beneficial. 2-In Islam it is called 'Roja', which is kept in Ramadan month. In Jainism there are very hard laws of fasting. In the month of bhadrapada, others are abandoned in the festival of paryushan for 8 days. In Buddhism, there is also a law of diet. The Lord mahavir and the Buddha had found salvation by hard fasting. In the Christian and Jewish religion the vratōṁ is followed. Most people keep fast on Friday. 3-Fasting is a very important aspect of Hinduism. Hindus observe fast in the name of God every once, twice, or more times a week.Hindus fast on certain days of the month such as Purnima (full moon) and Ekadasi (the 11th day of the fortnight). 4- Certain days of the week is also marked for fasting, depending on individual choices and on one's favorite god and goddess. On Saturday, people fast to appease the god of that day, Shani or Saturn. Some fast on Tuesdays the auspicious day for Hanuman. On Fridays devotees of the goddess Santoshi Mata abstain from taking anything citric. 5-Fasting at festivals is common. Hindus all over India observe fast on festivals like Navaratri, Shivratri and Karwa Chauth. Navaratri is a festival when people fast for nine days. Hindus in West Bengal fast on Ashtami, the eighth day of the festival of Durga Puja. 6- Fasting can also mean abstaining from taking certain things, either for religious reason or for the sake of good health. For instance, some people refrain from taking salt on particular days. It is common knowledge that excess salt and sodium causes hypertention or elevation of blood pressure.Another common kind of fast is to forego taking cereals when only fruits are eaten. Such a diet is known as phalahar. 7-The action done by the resolution is called fast. To achieve any purpose, food or water or other food for the day or sacrifice of all these are called fasting. Vrat is considered a means of religion. Fasting means dwelling the mind of the person Iin upward position. 8-According to Sun and Moon date many types of vratas have been described. Although all types of vow can be divided mainly into 3 parts and fasting .... Three types of fast- 1.CONSTANT / Continual, 2.Casual 3.Desirable (1.नित्य, 2.नैमित्तिक और 3.काम्य ) 9-Religious fasts are done for spiritual or ritual reasons. The Daniel Fast is modeled after the book of Daniel in the Bible. This is a partial fast restricting all foods except fruits, vegetables, grains and water for 21 days. The Jewish Tzomot includes seven different religious fasts throughout the year. Ramajan is an Islamic fast, lasting one month during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sundown. 8-THE TRADITION OF CHARITY;- 09 FACTS;- Charity-virtue, the tradition of donation-Dakshina is also from the Vedic period. There are three types of donor in Vedas-1.SUPERIOR 2. MEDIUM 3.INFERIORWhat is given for the advancement of religion & truthfulness is the best donation. Those who give for fame or selfishness, that is considered middle. Donation given to Pandit, and Pande etc , have been considered as inferior. 2-One of the commonest forms of giving is anna dana, the sharing of food with others. It is part of one’s religious duty (dharma) to offer food to any unexpected guest. The practice of anna dana is common to all sections of Indian society and continues to be an important aspect of people’s way of life. 3-On religious and other important occasions anna dana may be undertaken on a large scale. Some Hindus organize a special meal for the needy, or donate to a charitable cause, in memory of the deceased.Bhandra is essentially and offering made as part of worshipping the lord, especially during festive season. During a Bhandara, people from all religions are openly invited to the temples where they’re served with freshly cooked meal or bhog . 4-The Christian Church encourages organ and tissue donation, stating that we were created for God’s glory and for sharing God’s love. 5-The concept of Guru Ka Langar was established by Guru Nanak Dev Ji who belonged to the sikh community. Langar is basically a Perian word, which implies ‘an alms house’ or the house of the poor -and the poverty-stricken. Guru Nanak Dev Ji stressed on the fact that all individuals are equal and hence must eat and enjoy their meals together. 6-In Islam it is called 'zakat'. In Islam, Zakat is the fourth pillar. Zakat refers to purification in general and purification of wealth in particular, therefore, those Muslims who have wealth over a certain ratio, they are liable to pay Zakat on it and give it to those who are less fortunate and don’t have sufficient means to live their life in a standard way. 7- In Buddhism on Buddha's full moon day, it is of special importance to donate. All Jains, Christians, Sikhs etc. have given the importance of donation.The Buddha describes giving something as if throwing it away, even if valuable, as fruitless. While throwing away something as worthless as leftovers with the benevolent thought of feeding small insects and animals as still beneficial. 8-The Buddha describes the three central practices of Buddhism as Dana, Sila and Bhavana, or generosity, morality, and meditation. In addition, the development of the Ten Parami , or perfections, is considered crucial for the eventual attainment of Nirvana, generosity being one of them. 9-Buddhists believe that what is given is not lost, but is actually returned to the giver in the form of karmic rewards, most notably, wealth.According to the Buddha, the ideal conditions of giving are to give a pure gift, with pure intentions to a pure recipient. A pure gift would be giving a gift that is proper: meaning proper for the time, person, circumstance, etc. and is earned by honest means. To give with pure intentions means to give with compassion, conviction, attentively, and without negatively affecting others. A pure recipient would be a virtuous person who would be worthy of a gift. 9-READING(paathvidhi);- 03 FACTS;- 1-The verse text is done in the same way as the Quran is read. In Sanskrit, the the accuracy of pronunciation/ accent is taken as much as it is in Arabic. The tradition of reciting the Vedas, Upanishads and Geeta in Hinduism has been from ancient times. As the time, changed people started the tradition of the story reading mentioned in the Puranas, while the text of Vedpath and Geeta is more important. 2-Similarly, Japuji Sahib is recited in Sikh religion.Jap ji is a prayer at the beginning of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib, considered the holy scripture of sikhs. It was composed by Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the first Sat Guru in the line of ten sikh gurus. Jap ji begins with Mool Mantra and is followed by 38 pauris (stanzas) and ends with a final Salok at the end of this composition. Jap ji is believed to be the first composition of Guru Nanak, and is now considered the comprehensive essence of sikh faith. It is regarded amongst the most important Bani or 'set of verses' by the Sikhs, as it is the first Bani in Nitnem. 3-In Islam it is called tilawat;Recitation of the extracts or portions from the Holy Qur'an either in Mosques or at homes seeking His mercy and peace for the humankind. 10-THE TRADITION OF PILGRIMAGE;- 03 FACTS;- 1-Every year the pilgrimage is held. People from all religions travel to the main places of their religion in a special time. If the followers of jainism go to the Hague, Buddhist followers bodhgaya. People of Sikh religion, Amritsar and nankana sahib, Muslims go to Mecca. 2-Hindus travel to four dham. The journey of kashi and badrinath has also been considered as the most important. 3-The pilgrimage is called as hajj in Arabic.The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence. It is one of the five pillars of Islam, alongside Shahadah, Salat, Zakat and Sawm. the Hajj is called istita'ah, and a Muslim who fulfils this condition is called a mustati.The word Hajj means "to intend a journey", which connotes both the outward act of a journey and the inward act of intentions. 11-MUNDAN SANSKAR :- Mundan Samskaras are done three times in Hinduism and Jainism: First- In childhood, second - time for taking initiation and third- at the time of death of a person .Apart from this, even after going to the special yajna, special karma and pilgrimage, it is common . This rite will be found in almost all religions in some form. On the one hand, when Muslims make Mundan or shaving during the Hajj in Maize, on the other hand, Mundhan is done while taking initiation in Buddhism. 12-SANDHYAVANDAN;- 05 FACTS;- 1-Sandhyavandana (Sanskrit: संध्यावन्दन, sandhyāvandana) is a mandatory religious ritual performed, traditionally, by Dvija communities of Hindus , particularly those initiated through the sacred thread ceremony referred to as the Upanayanam and instructed in its execution by a Guru, in this case one qualified to teach Vedic ritual. The Sandhyavandanam consists of recitation from the Vedas, accompanied by ritual. These rituals are performed three times a day - at morning noon and evening . The Sandhyavandanam is the oldest extant liturgy in world religion. As a practice, it may be descended from the much older daily Agnihotra ritual. 2-Sandhyavandanam literally means "salutation to Sandhya". Sandhya, in turn, has traditionally been interpreted either as "the transition moments of the day" (namely the two twilights dawn and dusk), or as "the solar noon". Thus, Sandhyavandanam may be defined as the ritual "salutation to twilight or the solar noon". 3- Similarly, there is a time of prayer in Islam, which is also 5 times. The Five Daily Prayers - are measured according to the movement of the sun. These are: near dawn (fajr), after midday has passed and the sun starts to tilt downwards/noon (zuhr), in the afternoon (asr), just after sunset (maghrib) and around nightfall (Isha).It is said that Haj travel is also for 5 days. 4-5 is more important in the Vedas, such as Panchgani, Panchpatra, Panchgavya, Panchang, etc. Similarly, panchayvanas are deeds. The nature of Sandhavandan in all religions is different, but the origin of them all is ancient Vedic religion. 5-Purification is necessary before going to the temple or pre-meditation .This is called Vujus in Islam. In Hindu and Muslim religions, the same rules of this sacred karma have been described. These rules will be found in all religions in some form. It is of great importance in Jainism and Buddhism. Prior to meditation, worship, prayers or prayer, body rectification is mentioned in all religions. Anyway, it is necessary to be holy before going to any place of worship. Toilets are called tayayum in Islam. 13-SHRAADH PAKSHA; - 02 FACTS;- 1-According to Hindu, Jain, Buddhist and Sikh scriptures, the existence of the dead soul remains after the death. Shraddha festivities are celebrated for 16 days once in a year for the honour, respect and peace of their ancestors in Hinduism. According to the parent party Hindu month falls in the lunar month of Bhadrapad and starts on the day of full Moon or one day after the full moon. 2-Every religion has appointed , the days of reverence for their ancestors. In Islam where there is a custom of reading Fatahi after 40 days on the tomb. At the same time, Christians celebrate All Souls Day to collectively remember people who have gone through the world. In the memory of the dead in the churches, Christians congregate in the morning prayer and burn candles in their homes. It is believed that Christianity began to celebrate this day in the 17th century. It is celebrated on November 2. 14-SERVING;- There is more emphasis on serving in Christianity. In Islam and Sikh religion also the service is given emphasis . Service is a natural feeling. Jain and Buddhism have great significance in the service spirit with Hinduism. Serving poor, orphan, crippled, cow, cattle, birds etc. is 'virtuous act . In Hinduism the service is also known as Karma Yoga and it is an effective undertaking to reduce mental impurities.