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DECODATION OF SRI YANTRA( IN SPIRITUAL WAY)-02 SIGNIFICANCE OF BINDU;- 07 FACTS;- 1-Bindu is regarded a sphere in its own right. The expanded form of the Bindu is the triangle formed by three points and is called Sarva siddhi prada (the sphere of fulfilment of all aspirations). It is described as Prakriti (Mother Nature) composed of three gunas (fundamental fabric of all existence) sattva, rajas and tamas. 2-The Kadi School explains sattva as that which covers and conceals (aavarana); while the other two gunas as that which project the world of duality or multiplicity (vikshepa). The three gods Brahma (creator), Vishnu (preserver) and Rudra (destroyer) are actually the representations of these three gunas. They are in turn the three aspects of the Devi represented as trikona chakra. 3-It also explained that from Shakti flashes forth the creative impulse known as nada (sound), which manifests as Kundalini or the creative urge, in all living beings. Here, Bindu is Shiva; Bija is Shakti; and nada is their union. These give rise to the power of will (icchha shakti); the power of knowledge (jnana shakti); and power of action (kriya shakti).These in turn give rise to Rudra, Vishnu and Brahma. 4-Another explanation is, Bindu, also called Sarvanandamaya (all blissful), and represents the transcendental power (Para Shakti) and absolute harmony (saamarasya) between Shiva and Shakti. This is equivalent to what the Vedanta calls the Brahman. Owing to the power of the will (icchha shakti) there comes about an apparent differentiation of Shakti from Shiva, expressed in the form of triangle. Here again, the triangle is the expansion of the Bindu . 5-If the Bindu represents the Para-nada, the triangle represents the Pashyanti, the second stage of the sound, nada. The enclosure next to this, the eight sided figure (ashta kona chakra) is the Madhyama or the third stage in the development of sound. The rest of the Chakra represents the physical or the phenomenal stage, the Vaikhari, which is the manifest and articulate form of sound. The Vaikhari form is represented by the fifty letters of the alphabet, called matrikas or the source of all transactions and existence. 6-The sixteen vowels (from aa) constitute the lunar sphere (Chandra mandala), the twenty-four consonants (from ka to tha) the solar sphere (Surya mandala); and the remaining ten consonants (from ma to ksha) the sphere of fire (Agni mandala). Thus, the triangle is also known as tri kuta, tri khanda and tri mandala. 7-Bindu is identified with Shiva and trikona with Shakthi. The process of evolution (shristi) or the apparent separation of Shiva and Shakthi is referred to as adi-dwandwa. The evolution from the primary state into the mundane level is regarded as a descent/ falling., avarohana krama; (descending order ) whereas the withdrawal from the gross to the very subtle state is termed Samhara krama/the order of absorption (in a crosswise Direction /transverse). Here the devotee moves into higher spiritual levels; and therefore it is termed arohana krama (ascending order ). It is a gradual process. SIGNIFICANCE OF TRIANGLE;- The significance of the triangle is explained thus: 04 FACTS;- 1-The name of the goddess is Tripura; and number three is important in approaching her. She is of the nature of the sun, the moon and the fire. 2-She is masculine, feminine and neuter. Her form is red, white and the mixture of the two. 3-Her mantra has three letters (hrim, klim, sauh); and from this mantra three segments of time – past, present and future – emerge. 4-From this mantra too emerge the realms, three Vedas, three states of existence ( waking, dreaming and sleeping) and three gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. SIGNIFICANCE OF NINE ENCLOSURES;- 06 FACTS;- 1-All these geometric designs are contained within Sri Chakra, arranged in nine enclosures or nava-avaranas.They are also termed as nine chakras. Each of this has its name, a characteristic physical form and a spiritual significance. Each has its colour suggesting its tendencies. 2-Each Chakra has its presiding deity (chakreshwari or Chakra nayika); and she is a variant form of the mother goddess abiding at the Bindu. The Chareshwari rules over her set of attendant divinities; such as Yoginis who aid the devotee on in his spiritual progress, and the Mudra Devatas, seal-divinities, who welcome, purify and delight the devotee. 3-The yoginis have a special role in Sri Chakra worship. They make explicit the union of the male and female aspects of the Sri Chakra in each of its enclosures. They are in fact, the symbols of urges, aspirations, inhibitions, limitations, obstructions and powers active in each individual. The yoginis aid the devotees, but derive their power from the mother goddess. 4-Sri Chakra is verily the body of the mother goddess, who resides as energy in the universe and as pure consciousness in the individual. The nine enclosures symbolize in a graded series the significance of the universal and individual; the ideological and ritual; expressive and contemplative; and the in inner and outer aspects of Sri Chakra. 5-The outer group of chakras (1, 2 and 3) symbolizes extension or shristi. They represent Shiva aspect of the chakra. The middle group (4, 5 and 6) symbolizes the preservation or sthithi. They represent Shakthi aspect of the chakra. The inner group (7, 8 and the Bindu) symbolize absorption or samhara. The Bindu represents the transcendental aspect of mother goddess. The other two avaranas (7and 8) are also Shakthi aspects. 6-The nine chakras are interpreted in terms of Time (kaala), the five elements that compose all things (Pancha-Bhuthas); and three states of awareness-wakefulness, dream and deep sleep. ARE THE NINE ENCLOSURES CORRESPONDING TO HUMAN BODY?;- The nine chakras are also interpreted as corresponding to parts in human body.VIZ, 1- Bhupura First line: feet; Second line: knees; Third line : thighs Triple girdle; Mid portion of the body 2- Shoidasha-dala padma >>> Region below navel and up to penis region (kati) 3- Ashta-dala padma >>> Navel region 4- Chaturdasha >>> Abdominal region 5- Bahir dasha >>>Neck 6- Antar-dasha >>> Region between eye brows- (bhru-madhya) 7- Ashtara >>> Forehead-(lalata) 8- Trikona >>> Top of the head- (masthaka) 9- Bindu >>> Opening on the crown of the head leading to Sahasra Dala padma (Brahma randra) ARE THE NINE ENCLOSURES CORRESPONDING TO NINE CHAKRAS? The nine avaranas are again recognized as chakras said to be situated along the central channel or the Shushumna nadi. 1- Bhupura >>>Muladhara 2- Shoidasha dala padma >>> Svadhistana 3- Ashta-dala padma >>> Manipura 4- Chaturdasha >>> Anahatha 5- Bahir _dasha >>>Vishuddha 6- Antar-dasha >>> Ajna 7- Ashtara >>> Manasa-chakra 8- Trikona >>> Soma-chakra 9- Bindu >>>Sahasra Padma SIGNIFICANCE OF OUTERMOST...BHUPURA;- 08 FACTS;- 1-The nine avaranas(Sanskrit: आवृ ávṛ meaning 'to conceal'means enveloping or covering something), enclosures that compose Sri Chakra are briefly as under. These are described in the order of absorption (the state of being engrossed/Samhara-krama) according to Dakshinamurthy tradition. It starts with the outermost enclosure-Bhupura- and leads to Bindu, the central point. 2- Bhupura also called Trilokya –mohana-chakra (Deluder of the Realms) , is the four-sided enclosing wall. The three lokas being three levels of experience: attainments, obstructions and powers. They are also related to the body- mind complex of the devotee. 3-A tantra design is always enclosed within an outer wall serving as a protective cover. As the devotee enters into the Mandala he leaves behind the normal worldly distractions and conflicts; and emigrates into a world of symbols and visualizations. A Mandala is thus a mansion of gods and goddesses, a symbol of a higher form of existence. 4-The Bhupura Chakra, the earth stretch, includes within its spatial scope the entire design even as the earth supports the entire existence. Bhupura is a Shiva aspect and is made up of three lines or ramparts(a defensive wall of a castle) . 5-The first (outermost) line is identified with the attainments of yoga powers called Siddhis. They are needed for self-protection along the inward journey. Such Siddhis are eight in number; and are attained consequent on gaining control over the elements and the mind. 6-The second or the middle line represents the powers of eight mother-like divinities Mathrika who rule over emotions such as passionate longing (Brahmi), violent anger (Maheshwari), avarice (kaumari) obstinacy (Varahi) etc 7-The third (inner) line of the square is identified with ten feminine deties, Mudra devathas, carrying seals of authority. The mudras are an approach to the divinities. These could be gross (sthula) being body postures and gestures by hand; subtle (sukshma) by way of seed-mantras; and para transcendental that is mental or intuitional approach. 8-These three lines are also taken to represent the Mother goddess; the outermost line corresponds to her feet; the middle line to her thighs; and the inner line to her knees. SIGNIFICANCE OF SIX GATEWAYS OF MAHA MERU;- 07 FACTS;- 1-There are actually six gateways to the fort Sri Yantra, if we take a three-dimensional view of it; the four obvious dwaras and those ‘above’ and ‘below’. 2-The Eastern gate is the way of the mantras. 3-The Southern gate is the way of devotion or bhakti. 4- The Western gate is for the performance of rites and rituals, or karma-kanda. 5-The Northern gate is the way of wisdom, or Jnana. 6-The gate ‘below’ is the ‘path of words’ while the gate ‘above’ is the way or ‘road of liberation’. These are located at the Southern and Northern gate, respectively, i.e. ‘above’ is north, ‘below’ is south. 7-Each of these gates also stands for one of the six primary chakras in the body. SIGNIFICANCE OF THREE CONCENTRIC CIRCLES;- 04 FACTS;- 1-There are also three concentric( having a common center, as circles )circles (trivritta) representing three objectives of life: Dharma, Artha and Kama. 2-The avarana is Bhoopura and the Chakra is Trailokyamohana chakra ‘enchants the three worlds’. The yogini is Prakata; Mudra is Sarva Somkshibhni; Siddhi is Anima; and the mental state of the aspirant is Jagrata. 3-The presiding deity is Tripura. Her Vidya is Am Am Sauh.The gem is topaz. 4-The time is 24 minutes and the Shaktis are 28 that include the ten starting with Anima, the eight starting with Brahmya and the ten Mudra Shaktis. 28 is the dominant number.This avarana corresponds to the feet of the mother goddess. SIGNIFICANCE OF ENCLOSURE OF SIXTEEN PETALLED LOTUS (shodasha dala padma) ;- 10 FACTS;- 1-The sixteen petalled lotus (shodasha dala padma) called sarva asha paripuraka chakra, the fulfiller of all desires, is the second enclosure. 2-In the sixteen petals, the sixteen vowels of Sanskrit alphabet is inscribed. These symbolize sixteen kalas or aspects or phases. They are also called nithyas and named Kamakarshini (fascinating the desires), Budhyakarshini (fascinating the intellect) etc. 3-These relate to powers in the Five Elements, the ten senses of perception or Indriyas (being further divided into five organs of action and five sense organs) and the Mind. 4-The significance of this enclosure is explained as self-protection (atma raksha) of the devotee. Since frustrated desire is the strongest obstacle to spiritual progress, the next stage is wisely concerned with satisfying them. Only he who has experienced can renounce. The values of virtue, wealth and pleasure are granted at this stage. 5-The craving desire, springs from discontent; and is quenched when discontent is eliminated. That is possible when devotee identifies himself with Shiva, ever complete and ever content. 6-This is achieved by the cultivation or strengthening of power over mind, ego, sound, touch, sight, taste, smell, intellect, steadiness, memory, name, growth, ethereal body, revivification, and physical body. 7-The avarana is Shodasa Dala, and the Chakra is Sarvasaparipuraka chakra ‘fulfils all expectations’; the yogini is Gupta Yogini; Mudra is Sarva Vidravini; the Siddhi is Laghima; and the mental state is Swapna. 8-The presiding deity is Tripureshi. Her vidya is Aim Klim Sauh.The gem is sapphire. The time is three hours. 9-The Shaktis are the sixteen starting with Kamakarshini. 16 is the dominant number. 10-This avarana corresponds to the Savdhistana chakra of the mother goddess. SIGNIFICANCE OF ENCLOSURE OF EIGHT PETALLED LOTUS (Astha dala padma) ;- 03 FACTS;- 1- Eight petalled lotus (astha dala padma) called Sarva-samkhobhana –Chakra the agitator of all, is the third avarana. Each petal has a consonant inscribed within it that begins with ‘Ka‘ 2-The petals represent eight divinities associated with erotic( tending to arouse excitement) urges ( lust), independent of physical body(an anga).These relate to mental pleasures derived through five organs and through the modalities of mind: rejection(repulsion or withdrawal), acceptance (attention or attachment) and indifference(detachment). 3-This enclosure represents the last of the first group of the chakras that symbolizes emanation(Shrusti/a being which is a manifestation of God.). 4-The avarana is ashta dala; The Chakra is Sarva-samkshobana chakra ‘agitates all’. The Yogini is Gupta- Tara; Mudra is Sarvakarshini; the Siddhi is Mahima; and the mental state is Shushupti. CONTD...