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BREATHING SCIENCE(ORIGINAL TEXT)13....PART-01


Here is a translation of the original text:

SHIVA SWARODAYA;-

1. Having paid obeisance to Maheshwara (Lord Shiva),Parvati and Ganesha, I bow to the guru who is verily the supreme consciousness (Paramatma) and savior of the world.

2. Devi said:O God of Gods! Mahadeva, be gracious to me, my Lord,and give me that knowledge which bestows perfection.

3. Tell me, O God, how the universe was created, how it changes and how it dissolves – tell me that which is the determiner of the universe.

4. Ishwara said: Creation takes place due to the tattwas (subtle essences).It is sustained by them and finally dissolves into them.O Devi, the tattwas are the origin of the Brahmanda (universe).

5. Devi said:The tattwas (elements) are the primal cause as ascertained by the exponents of the tattwas. O Lord, what is the nature of those elements? Kindly reveal that to me.

6. Ishwara said: There is only one birth-less and formless supreme existence from which evolves akasha (ether element),and from akasha comes vayu (air element).

7. From vayu originates tejas (fire element), from tejas,apas (water element), and from apas, prithvi (earth element). These five elements are spread throughout the whole world in this fivefold manner.

8. Due to these five elements creation is formed and sustained, and again merges back into the tattwas. (This is the continual subtle process of creation.) Thus it comes to stay within the five elements again.

9. O beautiful one, the five elements are present in subtle form within the body which originates from these five elements. This is known by yogis who are well versed in

the science of the elements.

10. Now I will describe the science of the origin of the swaras which reside in the body. With the knowledge of the swaras, which move in the form of Hamso (i.e. the sound of the outgoing Ham and incoming So breath), one acquires knowledge of the past, present and future.

SWARA JNANA

11. This science of swara is the secret of all secrets and reveals the essence of all benefits. This science is the crest jewel of all knowledge.

12. This is the subtlest of subtle knowledge. It is easy to understand and is based on truth. To the atheists, it is a wonder and to the theists, it is the base.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCIPLE

13. Only to one who is peaceful by nature, having pure instincts, good conduct, one-pointedness, devotion to the guru, firm determination and gratefulness, can this knowledge of swara be imparted.

14. This knowledge of swara should not be given to one who is wicked, villainous, angry, atheistic, of bad character, without mettle(strength of character), and who commits adultery with his guru’s wife.

15. Listen, O Goddess, as I tell you the highest knowledge situated within the body, by the mere proper knowledge of which one becomes omniscient.

16. Within the swara the entire Vedas, shastras and musical knowledge are contained. Within the swara are the three planes of existence (conscious, subconscious, unconscious). Swara is verily the atma (self-illumined).

17. Everything is meaningless without the knowledge of swara. An astrologer without the knowledge of swaraisas useless as a masterless house, a mouth without scriptures or a headless body.

18. The one who has discrimination regarding the nadis, prana, tattwas and sushumna has the right to attain liberation.

19. O beautiful-faced lady, either with a form or formless,swara plays the most important role. Knowledge of the swaras is considered to be highly auspicious.

GLORY OF THE SWARA

20. In the macro and microcosmos all are created only by the swara, which is also the cause of creation and dissolution. Swara is verily(truly) Lord Shiva himself.

21. There has neither been seen nor heard anything more confidential, more valuable or more knowledgeable than the knowledge of swara.

22. Through the power of the swara you can overcome the enemy; and you can be sure to meet your friend. You can obtain the favor of Lakshmi (the goddess of wealth and prosperity), popularity and all sorts of pleasures.

23. Through the power of swara you can obtain a wife, meet with the great rulers and attain the perfection of the gods. Even the most powerful ruler can be overcome by this power.

24. With the proper swara one can undertake journeys, eat the best food, urinate and excrete.

25. O lady of beautiful face, all the shastras, puranas, smritis and the vedangas are nothing beyond the knowledge of swara.

26. Unless you know about the tattwas, you are under the illusion of name and form, and ignorance itself keeps you in the dark.

27. The Swarodaya shastra is the best of all scriptures, and like a jyoti it is capable of lighting the house of your own spirit.

28. This teaching should not be revealed simply to answer someone’s questions, but it should be mastered for one’s own self, by one’s own intellect, in one’s own body.

29. If you have knowledge of the swara, it is not necessary to consult the date, stars, days, planets, gods, conjunction of the stars or disorders of the humors (phlegm, bile, wind) before starting any project.

30. O Goddess, neither had there ever been nor would there ever be an inauspicious moment when the pure strength of the swaras is available, because in that case all results would be auspicious.

ABOUT THE NADIS

31. In this body there are many forms of nadis which extend throughout. The wise must always know them for true understanding of their own body.

32. Originating like sprouts from the navel region, these nadis extend up to the shoulders. There are seventy two thousand of them spread throughout the body.

33. Kundalini shakti exists in these nadis, lying in the form of a snake. Ten nadis extend upwards and ten downwards.

34. On each side are two nadis, both going in oblique (slanting) directions. In this manner there are twenty-four nadis of which ten are significant for the transition of ten vayus.

35. From every angle, up and down, all these nadis join like a wheel, but they are all under the control of the one prana.

36. Of all the nadis, ten are prominent. Of the ten, ida,pingala and sushumna are most important.

37. The others are gandhari, hastijihva, poosha, yashaswini, alambusha, kuhu and the tenth is shankhini.

PLACEMENT OF THE NADIS

38. Ida nadi is on the left side of the body, pingala on the right side, sushumna in the centre, and gandhari in the left eye.

39. Hastijihva is in the right eye, poosha in the right ear, yashaswini in the left ear, alambusha in the mouth.

40. Kuhu is in the reproductive organs and shankhini in the anal region. In this manner all these ten nadis are situated in the openings of the body.

41. The three main channels, ida, pingala and sushumna, are located in the pranic passage. These ten nadis are arranged inside the body.

42. I have told you the names of the nadis, now I will tell you the names of the vayus related to the nadis. They are prana, apana, samana, udana and vyana.

43. And naga, kurma, krik’ara, devadatta, dhananjaya are the subsidiary pranas. The eternal prana exists in the heart and apana vayu is in the excretory organs.

44. Samana is situated in the navel region. Udana is in the throat. Vyana pervades the whole body. Like this ten vayus are prominent.

45. I told you the five main pranas, now I will tell you the other five vayus such as naga, etc. and their places.

46. Naga vayu is for vomiting and belching; kurma for opening and closing the eyes and blinking; krikara for sneezing; devadatta for yawning.

47. The dhananjaya vayu, which pervades the entire body,does not leave the body even after death. In this manner, the ten vayus roam in the body of the living being through all these nadis.

48. The wise should clearly understand the movement of the prana within the body through the three nadis, ida, pingala and sushumna.

49. Ida should be known to be situated on the left side (of the spinal cord) and pingala on the right, criss-crossing each other.

50. The moon is situated in ida nadi and the sun in pingala nadi. Shiva is in sushumna nadi in the form of Hamsa (i.e. the sound of the outgoing Ham and incoming Sa breath).

51. It is said that when you exhale, the sound is Ha and when you inhale the sound is Sa. Ha is in the form of Shiva (consciousness) and Sa is in the form of Shakti (energy).

52. The controller of the flow of the left nadi is the moon who also resides in it in the form of Shakti. The controller of the flow of the right nadi is the sun in the form of Shambhu (Shiva).

53. If a wise man performs an act of charity at the time of inhalation, it bestows upon him a millionfold auspicious fruits in this very lifetime.

YOGA SADHANA

54. Through one-pointed awareness, the yogi becomes alert. In this way the yogi is able to know everything by the activities of his lunar and solar nadis.

55. Only when the mind is one-pointed and steady should one concentrate on the tattwa, but never when the mind is distracted. Then one can obtain the desired goal, great gain and victory.

56. Those who always practice thoroughly controlling their lunar and solar nadis have knowledge of past and future ready at hand.

57. Ida nadi on the left is like amrit (nectar) and the giver of strength and nourishment. Pingala on the right is responsible for all creativity.

58. The middle channel (sushumna) is cruel and wicked in all activities. In all kinds of auspicious affairs, the left channel (ida) always gives success.

59. When you leave the house, it is auspicious if the left nadi is flowing. At the time of entering, it is auspicious when the right flows. The lunar nadi is smooth and virtuous and surya is always rough and non-virtuous.

60. Chandra, the lunar flow, is the female principle; and surya, the solar flow, is the male principle. Understand that the moon is Shakti, the sun is Shiva. The complexion of the moon is fair and that of the sun is dark. During the flow of chandra nadi (ida), placid(peaceful) works should be done.

61. During the flow of surya nadi, difficult and hard works should be done. During the flow of sushumna those actions leading to bhukti (sensual enjoyment) and mukti (liberation) should be undertaken.

62. During the first three days of the bright fortnight, the lunar nadi flows first and then alternates. In the first three days of the dark fortnight, the solar nadi flows first and then alternates. From this order you should know the rising time of the swara.

63. Beginning with the lunar swara in the bright fortnight and the solar swara in the dark fortnight these swaras alternate during twenty-four hours of the day and night at the frequency of two and a half ghatis (sixty minutes) each (i.e. each swara alternates twenty-four times in one day and night).

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WHAT IS THE MEANING OF GHATI?

18 FACTS;-

1-Human beings originate and disappear in time. Time has two forms – one is the infinite, eternal and Great Maha kaal. The other form of time is Full of positive traits and suitable for behavior. Its base is the Sun.

2-This time appears in a cycle under the Sun. Our earlier Scholars have decided this behavioral time to make the human life regular and well arranged. One cycle of the sun, moving in the Bhu chakra has been named as a Year. Practically, the smallest unit of the time is called the Kshana, vipal or a second.

3-Today the time is measured in hour, minute and second, but the Indian Astrologers had divided the time into Ahoratra, day, ghadi, pal, vipal, muhurta etc. Basic knowledge of the Indian units of the division of time is necessary for the students of Indian Astrology.

4-According to Indian system, the time taken in a blink of eye is called a Nimesh. 3 nimesh make up a kshana. 5 kshana make up a Kashtha(काष्ठ), 15 kashtha make up a Laghu, 15 laghu make a Ghati or Ghadi, which has

24 minutes. For convenience, two and a half ghati make up an hour and 60 ghati make up 24 hours.

5-For conversion of hour and minute into ghati-pal: -

1 minute = 2.5 pal, 4 minute = 10 pal, 12 minute = 30 pal, 24 minute = 1 ghadi, that is 60 ghati.

6-Dinman – from sunrise to sunset,

7-Ratriman- from sunset to next sunrise,

8-Ushakal – 5 ghati before sunrise,

9-Pratah – from sunrise upto 3 ghati,

10-Evening – from sunset upto 3 ghati,

11-Pradosh – from sunset upto 6 ghati,

12-Nisheeth – 2 ghati at the mid of midnight,

13-7 day-night =1 week, 15 ahoratra = 1 paksha

14-2 paksha = 1 chandra mas {lunar month},

15-2 months = 1 season,

16-6 season = 1 year

17-3 seasons = 6 months = 1 ayan,

18-2 ayan = 1 year

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64. It should be understood that in each hour the five tattwas are active. From the first three days, if the opposite nadi is active, auspicious work should not be attempted.

65. From the first day of the bright fortnight the left swara should flow, and in the dark fortnight from the first day the right swara. Then the yogi should perform the right actions with a concentrated mind, and he will be successful.

66. In the night the lunar swara should be suppressed and in the day the solar. The person who practices this daily is a perfected yogi, there is no doubt.

67. Through pingala the sun can be controlled, and through ida the moon can be controlled. The one who knows this process has the power of the three worlds in a moment.

68. When the cycle begins with the lunar swara at sunrise and ends in the solar swara at sunset, then there is merit in gaining property, but if the opposite occurs, avoid it.

DESCRIPTION OF THE AUSPICIOUS/INAUSPICIOUS NADIS ACCORDING TO THE DAY

69. The actions done on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Monday when the left swara flows, are most fruitful, especially during the bright fortnight.

70. When the right swara flows on Sunday, Tuesday and Saturday, whatever roving( travelling from place to place) business is done happens to be most prosperous, especially during the dark fortnight.

RULES OF THE FIVE TATTWAS

71. During the flow of the swara, first the air element is active, then fire, then earth, water and ether.

72. During the period of two and a half ghatis (i.e. one hour), the five elements are active in this order. The elements arise separately in the flow of each nadi.

ZODIAC SIGNS ACCORDING TO THE DAY AND NIGHT

73. During the period of one day and night (i.e. twenty-four hours), twelve zodiac transitions occur. Taurus, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn and Pisces transit in the lunar swara.

74. Aries, Leo, Aquarius, Libra, Gemini and Sagittarius transit in the solar swara. Thus, one should determine the auspicious and inauspicious nature of events from the rising of the zodiacal signs.

TRAVELLING IN THE DIRECTION ACCORDING TO THE SWARA

75. The lunar swara represents the east and north and the solar swara the west and south. When the solar swara flows, one should not go towards the south and west.

76. During the flow of the lunar swara, one should not go towards the north and east as there is an apprehension of violence from the enemy or the robber and perhaps one may never come back.

77. Therefore, the wise who are the well-wishers of everyone should not go in the directions prohibited above. If they go, they may meet with death. There is no doubt about it.

78. If, on the second day of the bright fortnight, the lunar swara is flowing when the solar swara should flow, it is beneficial. One experiences much pleasure and enjoyment throughout the lunar flow.

79. If the solar swara flows at sunrise, and the lunar swara flows at moonrise, all sorts of actions undertaken at anytime will prosper on that day.

80. But if the solar swara is active at moonrise and the lunar swara at sunrise, there will be tension, conflict and loss. Do not undertake auspicious activities at this time.

81. The wise say that during the flow of the solar swara one can certainly obtain knowledge of subtle or inaccessible things; while under the flow of the lunar swara, the results are reversed.

DESCRIPTIONS OF THE REVERSE SITUATION

82. If in the morning the opposite swara flows (i.e. if the solar swara flows instead of the lunar or the lunar flows instead of the solar), these are the results:

83. In the first period, fickleness of mind; in the second, loss of wealth; in the third, travel or movement; in the fourth, destruction of cherished things.

84. In the fifth, collapse of the state (or home); in the sixth, destruction of all valuables; in the seventh, sickness and suffering; in the eighth, death

85. If the opposite swara flows for eight days in all three periods (i.e. in the morning, at noon and at night), then bad results will occur. A little reduction in the irregularity will be fortunate.

86. If the lunar swara flows in the morning and afternoon, and the solar swara in the evening, there will be victory and gain. In the reverse situation avoid everything.

87. Step forward with the foot that corresponds to the active swara; this brings success on the journey.

88. During the lunar swara take an even number of steps forward, and during the solar swara an uneven number. That ensures a prosperous journey and yatra siddhi (success of travel).

FULFILLMENT OF DESIRES

89. By touching the mouth with the palm of the hand which is on the side of the active swara, when rising in the morning, one achieves one’s desired goal.

90. When giving or receiving or going out of one’s house,one should use the hand or foot which is on the side of the active swara.

91. By following this advice one will remain free from loss, conflict and trouble from enemies. One will also be free from all troubles and return home happily.

92. For fulfillment of auspicious desires by the gurus (elders), relatives, kings, ministers and others, keep them on the side of the active swara (at the time of meeting).

93. If you want to overcome and punish an enemy, a thief, a person committing unrighteous deeds, an opponent, etc., keep them on the side of the non-active swara. To overcome all these and obtain pleasure, you should act in such a manner.

94. According to some people one should travel to a distant place during the flow of the lunar swara and to a nearby place during the flow of the solar swara.

95. Whatever has been said earlier about accumulation of profits, wars and battles, etc., all that happens beyond doubt when the swaras are flowing in their full strength.

96. The results of the actions which have been explained earlier are surely reversed if they are undertaken with the closed nadi, as has been said by the omniscient one (i.e. Lord Shiva).

97. When the swara is in full flow, there will be a frightful /shocking outcome in performing activities like extradition/handover, of the wicked, dealing with an enemy, a thief, a destroyer of right knowledge and in facing an angry master.

98. On a long journey the lunar swara is fruitful and gives the desired siddhi (perfection) without obstacle, but for entering the house, the solar nadi is auspicious.

99. (The favorable flow of) the swara grants capability to an incapable person whereas it (an unfavorable swara) makes even a capable person incapable. Since all living entities are bound by the reaction of their karma, one should act according to one’s swara.

100. The active lunar swara takes away poison and the solar swara flow brings the powerful under control. Moksha is achieved during the flow of sushumna. Thus, one god (swara) has a threefold existence.

101. When one has to perform auspicious and inauspicious works day and night, then one should make the swara flow according to the demand of the work.

AUSPICIOUS ACTS DURING THE FLOW OF IDA NADI

102. Stable or permanent actions, purchasing jewelry, undertaking a long journey, constructing an ashram or temple, collecting things.

103. Digging small or big wells and ponds, consecrating the idol of a deity, making a journey, donating, arranging marriages and acquiring clothes, ornaments and decorative articles.

104. Doing peaceful work, obtaining nourishment, taking divine medicines and chemicals, meeting one’s master, making friends, doing commercial business, collecting grain.

105. Entering a new house, doing service, farming, sowing seeds, performing auspicious works, forming an alliance and going out; these are the best actions to perform during the flow of the left swara.

106. Beginning studies, meeting friends and relatives, birth and death, performing religious rites, taking initiation and practicing one’s mantra.

107. Reading sutras about the science of time (past, present and future), bringing cattle to the home, treating incurable diseases, addressing one’s master.

108. Mounting an elephant or horse, and keeping the horse or elephant in the stable, practicing archery, performing charity and serving others, keeping wealth in security.

109. Singing, playing music, dancing and studying the art of dancing, entering a city or a village, applying tilak, and acquiring land.

110. Helping those with acute sufferings, who have fever or are in an unconscious state, interacting with relatives and one’s master, collecting wood and grains.

111. O Beautiful Parvati, it is also good for women’s dental decoration, the arrival of rain, worship of the guru and counteracting poison.

112. It is said ida brings perfection in all actions, like the practice of yoga. But avoid the three elements air, fire, and ether.

113. All works, whether done during the day or night, are successful while the lunar swara (ida nadi) is flowing. In fact, the flow of the moon is favorable for all auspicious works.

SUCCESSFUL ACTS DURING THE FLOW OF PINGALA NADI

114. Learning or teaching difficult and cruel vidyas (maran, mohan, vashikaran, etc.), interacting with women, prostitution, boarding a ship.

115. All the worst and meanest actions like drinking wine, practicing difficult (vir) mantras and such forms of upasana, being in a state of unrest, destroying the country and poisoning the enemy.

116. Studying the scriptures, travelling, hunting, selling cattle, making bricks, breaking stones, cutting wood and grinding or polishing gems.

117. Speeding, learning about yantra and tantra, scaling a fort or mountain, gambling, stealing, controlling an elephant, horse, chariot or other conveyance.

118. Exercising (gymnastics), performing tantric acts like maran and uchattan (killing and ruining an enemy by magic spells), practicing the shatkarmas, overcoming the powers of yaksha and yakshini (demigods), vetal(ghosts) and poisonous creatures.

119. Riding a donkey, camel, buffalo, horse or elephant,swimming across a river or in the sea, healing and using medicines, writing letters.

120. Killing, attracting, fascinating, paralyzing others,causing hatred amongst others, enchanting and inspiring others, cultivating, donating, being enraged and disturbed and buying and selling.

121. The solar swara is auspicious for attracting (calling)spirits, hostility, killing the enemy, using the sword while fighting the enemy, sensual pleasure,

having an audience with the king, eating and feasting, bathing,general dealings and accomplishing outstanding deeds.

122. The wise should always do the following activities during the flow of the solar swara: eating, gratifying the senses,stimulating the appetite, captivating women and going to bed.

123. All cruel and harsh works, and various types of works requiring dynamism are successful during the flow of the solar swara. There should not be a second thought about it.

CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSHUMNA NADI

124. If the left swara flows one moment and the right the next (if you cannot decide whether it is ida or pingala), know sushumna is flowing. At this time no action can give worldly profit. Shoonya swara destroys all actions (arouses non-attachment).

125. The fire element residing in the sushumnanadi burns like the fire of destruction and one should know this fire to be a poison and destroyer of all actions.

126. When both the nadis (ida and pingala) flow in a person transgressing their sequences, then it is inauspicious for him. There is no doubt about it.

127. If in one moment the breath flows through the left swara and the next moment through the right swara, it should be considered to be irregular; and O fair-faced goddess, the reverse results then occur.

128. According to the wise, when both the nadis flow together, it is like poison. All actions good or bad should be avoided because whatever work is done gives no result.

129. There is no alternative but to pray to God if the question of life or death, profit or loss, victory or defeat arises,or if one has to face an odd or adverse situation duringthe flow of sushumna.

130. In such a situation (i.e. during the flow of sushumna) people desirous of victory, gain and pleasure should concentrate on the Lord of the Universe and should indulge in yogic practices only and nothing else.

131. If sushumna flows again and again during the reign of suryanadi (pingala), then whether you curse or bless, both are ineffective.

132. During the change over of swara or when the tattwas combine, no auspicious work like acquiring virtues or giving donations, etc. should be done.

133. When the uneven (irregular) swara flows, one should not even think about travelling. It indicates there will be trouble on the journey, harm and sometimes death occurs, there is no doubt.

134. If the breath flows from front, left or upper sides in the lunar swara and from right, bottom or back sides in the solar swara, then these should be considered as flowing full strength, otherwise they are empty. This knowledge of discrimination between full and empty swara should always be possessed by the spiritual teachers.

135. It is auspicious if the messenger arrives from higher, left or front sides while the lunar swara is flowing, or if he comes from the back, right or lower sides when the solar swara is flowing.

139. Devi said:Deva, Deva, Mahadeva, O savior of the entire universe, tell me more about this secret knowledge you keep in your heart.

138. Sandhya is not sandhi (the meeting of day and night); this is the external process only. The real sandhi is when the irregular pranas start to flow in sushumna. That is the true sandhi.

137. Mere intellectual knowledge is not considered as Veda and in fact the Vedas are not mere knowing. Veda is said to be that from which knowledge of the supreme spirit is obtained.

136. If during the flow of a beginningless irregular sushumna, one, remaining without food and fully engrossed, obtains absorption in the subtle Brahman, then such a sushumna is called sandhya (meeting point) by the knowers.

140. Ishwara said:There is no ishta devata (desired deity) beyond the mystery of the knowledge of swara. A yogi who is engaged in acquisition of the knowledge of swara is considered to be the supreme yogi.

141. Creation manifests from the five elements and merges back into them. The five elements are the supreme elements and the supreme Brahma alone is beyond them.

142. Through the means of their siddhis the yogis should know the names of the elements. A person having expertise in swara yoga can recognize the evil qualities of all types of creatures.

143. The person who realizes the universe as being a combination of these five elements (i.e. earth, water, fire, air and ether) is the one to be revered.

144. The bodies of the living beings residing in all the lokas from earth to satyaloka are made up of the same elements (tattwas) without exception, but the nadis are different in different bodies.

145. Five risings have been described in both the left and right sides. O beautiful Parvati, now listen as I explain the eightfold science of the tattwas.

146. In the first division is the number of elements; in the second division is the junction of the swara; third is the sign of the swara, and fourth is the place of the swara.

147. The fifth division is the colour; sixth is the prana;seventh is the taste; eighth is the indication of movement.

148. In this manner, eight categories of prana pervade the entire animate and inanimate creation. O lotus-eyed goddess, there is no knowledge so precious as the wisdom of swara.

149. The swara should always be watched carefully from early morning, for it is the means deployed by yogis for escaping from the ‘grip’ of time.

........SHIVOHAM.....