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WHATIS THE MEANING OF TATTVA-SAMASA (तत्त्वसमास-----“A Compendium of the Principles of Nature”)


WHAT IS THE MEANING OF TATTVA-SAMASA (तत्त्वसमास-----“A Compendium of the Principles of Nature”)

Tattvasamāsa and its place in SANKHYA ----------

SANSKRIT TRANSLITERATION (IAST)------------ TRANSLATION 1. aṣṭau prakṛtayaḥ ||------- 1. Eight Natures (prakṛtis) 2. ṣoḍaśa vikārāḥ ||--------- 2. Sixteen Transformations (vikārās) 3. puruṣaḥ || -----------------3. Spirit (puruṣa) 4. traiguṇyam || --------------4. Three Qualities (gunas) 5. saṃcaraḥ ||---------------- 5. Emanation 6. pratisaṃcaraḥ ||---------- 6. Withdrawal 7. adhyātmam adhibhūtam adhidaivataṃ ca ||-------- 7. The Supreme Self; The Supreme Substrate of Elemental Nature; and The Supreme Diety 8. pañcābhibuddhayaḥ ||--------- 8. Five Functions of Intellect (buddhi) 9. pañca karmayonayaḥ ||-------- 9. Five Sources of Action (karma) 10. pañca vāyavaḥ ||---------------- 10. Five Breaths or Vital Winds (vāyus) 11. pañca karmātmānaḥ ||---------- 11. Five “selves” of Action (karmātmans) 12. pañcaparvāvidyā || ----------------12. Five varieties of Ignorance (avidyā) 13. aṣṭāviṃśatidhāśaktiḥ ||------ 13. Twenty-Eight varieties of Incapacity (aśakti) 14. navadhā tuṣṭiḥ || --------------14. Nine kinds of Contentment (tuṣṭi) 15. aṣṭadhā siddhiḥ || -------------15. Eight kinds of Attainment (siddhi) 16. daśa mūlikārthāḥ ||------------- 16. Ten Principle Topics 17. anugrahaḥ sargaḥ || ------------17. The Supportive [Intellectual] Creation 18. caturdaśavidho bhūtasargaḥ ||----- 18. The Fourteen-fold Elemental Creation 19. trividho bandhaḥ ||----------------- 19. Threefold Bondage (bandha) 20. trividho mokṣaḥ || -------------------20. Threefold Liberation (mokṣa) 21. trividhaṃ pramāṇam ||---------------- 21. Threefold Means of Right Cognition (pramā) 22. trividhaṃ duḥkham ||------------------ 22. Threefold Misery (duḥkha) 23. etat paramparayā yāthātathyam ||------------- 23. This is the succession (parampara) according to reality (tat) 24. etat sarvaṃ jñātvā kṛtakṛtyaḥ syāt ||-------------- 24. Knowing the whole of this, one has accomplished his task 25. na punastrividhena duḥkhenābhibhūyate ||-------- 25. Never again will the threefold misery come to be [for him] Thus the Compendium is completed.---------SHIVOHAM