WHAT IS JAPA YOG ?JAPA-02
ROLE OF JAPA YOG;--
1-Japa is an important limb of Yoga. According to lord Krishana" In this Kali Yuga practice of Japa alone can give eternal Peace, Bliss and Immortality. Japa ultimately results in Samadhi or communion with God. Japa must become habitual and must be attended with Sattvic Bhava, Purity,love & devotion (Prem and Sraddha). There is no Yoga greater than Japa-Yoga. It can bestow upon you all Ishta-Siddhis (whatever you want), Bhakti and Mukti.
2-A Mantra is Divinity. It is Divine Power or Daivi-Shakti manifesting in a sound body. Dhyana is the meditation on the form of the Lord with His attributes. This is the difference between Japa and Dhyana. There is Japa with meditation (Japa-Sahita) and without meditation (Japa-Rahita). As you advance, the Japa will drop by itself and meditation alone will remain. It is no doubt an advanced stage. You can practise concentration separately. You can do whatever you like best.
3-Silent repetition of God's Name such as HARI OM or SRI RAM is a potent tonic for all diseases. It should never be stopped even for a day under any circumstances. It is like food. It is a spiritual food for the hungry soul.
4-Even simple mechanical repetition of a Mantra has got very great effect. It purifies the mind. It serves as a gatekeeper. It intimates to you that some other worldly thoughts have entered now. At once you can try to drive these thoughts and make chanting (Smarana )of the Mantra.
5-Even during the mechanical repetition, a portion of the mind is there. There is a Shakti in every word. When such is the case with ordinary words, what about the Names of the Lord? Repetition or thinking of His Name produces tremendous influence on the mind. It transforms the mental substance-Chitta-overhauls the vicious, old Samskaras in the mind, transmutes the Asuric diabolical nature and brings the devotee face to face with God. There is no doubt of this.
SIGNIFICANCE OF AUM IN JAPAS;-
1-Om is both Saguna and Nirguna Brahman. You can repeat 'Om Ram' for worship of the Saguna Brahman. Om is everything. Om is the name or symbol of God, Isvara or Brahman. Om is your real name. Om covers all the three-fold experiences of man. Om stands for all the phenomenal worlds. From Om this sense-universe has been projected.
2-The world exists in Om and dissolves in Om. Om is derived by adding the letters A+U+M. 'A' represents the physical plane, 'U' represents the mental and the astral plane, the world of spirits, all heavens, and 'M' represents all the deep sleep state as well as in your wakeful state all that is unknown and beyond the reach of the intellect. Om therefore represents all.
3-Om is the basis of your life, thought and intelligence. Om is the centre of all worlds that denote objects. Hence the whole world has come out from Om, rests in Om, and dissolves in Om. As soon as you sit for meditation, chant Om loudly 3 or 6 or 12 times. This will drive away all worldly thoughts from the mind and remove tossing of mind (Vikshepa). Then take to mental repetition of Om.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN JAPA & AJAPA;--
1-Japa means repeating or remembering the mantra, and Ajapa-Japa means constant awareness. The letter A in front of the word Japa means without. Thus, Ajapa-Japa is the practice of Japa without the mental effort normally needed to repeat the mantra. In other words, it has begun to come naturally, turning into a constant awareness.
2-The practice of constant remembrance evolves in stages:At first, you intentionally repeat the syllables of the mantra internally, as if you are talking to yourself in your mind. You allow the inner sound to come at whatever speed feels comfortable to the mind. Sometimes it is very slow, At other times it is very fast .With practice, the mantra japa is repeated automatically, like a song that you have heard many times, which just comes on its own.
3-For example, sometimes people will say, "OM, Shanti, Shanti, Shanti," where the word Shanti means peaceor tranquility. During the remembering of the word there may be two things--the word and the feeling of peace or tranquility. When the syllables fade away, the feeling may still be there; this is remembrance of the feeling of the mantra.As the practice evolves, there comes a pervasive awareness of the mantra, subtler than both the syllables and any surface level meaning or definition. This constant awareness is the meaning of Ajapa-Japa of the mantra.
4-In the act of breathing, the greatest Mantra SOHAM is repeated automatically by the Jiva 21, 600 times within 24 hours. This is called Ajapa Mantra. That is to say, it is a Mantra that is repeated without Japa or willed effort of the Jiva.
5-Breath goes out with HAM and comes in with SO. Soham is Om only. Delete S and H, the consonants. The balance is OM. Soham is the Mantra of a Vedantic student. It means: "I am He" or "He am I. " This signifies the identity of Jiva and Brahman. Repetition of this Mantra "HAMSAH SOHAM-SOHAM HAMSAH adds force to the Japa as is the case in "GOD IS LOVE-LOVE IS GOD. " In the same way the Mahavakya is repeated "Aham Brahma Asmi- Brahmaivaham Asmi. "
SYSTEM OF JAPA ;---
1-A Mantra in the Hindu religion has a Rishi who gave it; a metre which governs the inflection of the voice; and a Devata as its informing power. The Beeja (seed) is a significant word or series of words which give it a special power.
2-Sometimes this word is a sound which harmonises with the key-note of the individual using it and varies with the individual. Sometimes this word expresses the essence of the flower springing from this seed. This essence of the Gita is in the words quoted. The Shakti is the energy of the form of the Mantra i. e. , the vibration-forms set up by its sounds. These in the Gita carry the man to the Lord.
3-The pillar (Kilakam) is that which supports and makes the Mantra strong. This is the ceasing from sorrow by the freeing from imperfections.
Then follow certain special directions intended to set up relations between the centres in the man's body and the corresponding centres in the body of the Lord (the universe). viz.;--
a-The thumbs, the earth-symbol, are connected with the physical plane and are utilised in control of its subtle forces.
b-The index fingers, the water-symbol, are connected with the astral plain and are similarly used with astral forces.
c-The middle fingers, the fire-symbol, the apex of the pyramid of the hand, are also similarly used with mental forces.
d-The ring fingers, the air-symbol, are used with Buddhic forces.
e-The little fingers, the most powerful in the subtle worlds, are the Akasa-symbol and are similarly used with Atmic-forces.
f-The other organs of the body are the other poles of the magnet of the body:--
f-1-Thumbs and heart;