WHAT IS THE SADHANA FOR BEGINNERS ? HOW CAN WE DEFINE CONCENTRATION & MEDITATION?---03
WHAT IS CONCENTRATION?-- 1-Concentration is referred to as the act or power that
focuses the attention. It includes the mental effort in order to achieve the desired focus. 2-Concentration is generally accompanied by two entities, one is the the self that is concentrating and the other is object to focus. It is regarded as the base of mental trainings. 3-Concentration is often required as there are lots of distractions all around the world. Concentration is regarded to be an important activity in order to improve memory and cognitive functions. 4-Concentration is deeply rooted in the words like inner vigilance and alertness. The ability of concentration may be a gift from god, or developed to a certain extent. WHAT IS MEDITATION 1-Meditation is also a type of concentration in which one tries to quiet the mind and focus the attention deeply on the present. Meditation is often connected to spiritual contentment. 2-Meditation is deeply rooted in the words like lasting peace and divine peace. Meditation is known for providing numerous benefits related to mental and physical health. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CONCENTRATION & MEDITATION;-- There are various notions about the differences between concentration and medidation. However, generally meditation is regarded as a type of higher level concentration.In order to understand this, we must first understand the different
THE FOUR STAGES of the Mind:---
1-Cogitation Thinking is undirected; try to go back from your thinking to where the thought came. Go back retrace the steps, and then you will see that another thought was there and that led to this and they are not logically connected.
2-One thought leads to another without any direction from you. The thought itself leads to another because of association. There is no logical connection-only association in your mind.
1-ContemplationIt means thinking ;-directed thinking. We think but that is not contemplation. That thinking is undirected, vague, leading nowhere. Thinking becomes contemplation when it moves not through association, but is directed.
2-The mind always tries to escape from one side path to another, from one bypath to another, to some association. You cut off all the side ways. On only one road, you direct your mind, then you bracket out all associations. This is called contemplation.
3-As a scientist, a logician, a mathematician, a poet, a musician working on something, say any problem, are in contemplation. Many things from the sideways will attract, but he does not allow his mind to move any where, mind moves in one line, directed. This is contemplation.4-Science is based on contemplation, it is logical and rational, it is not absurd.
1-Concentration is ; to stay at one point, being at one point, not allowing the mind to move at all. It is not thinking, it is not contemplation.
2-In thinking, in ordinary thinking, mind moves like a madman. In contemplation the madman is led, directed, he cannot escape anywhere.
3-In concentration the mind is not allowed to move; in ordinary thinking, it is allowed to move only somewhere. In concentration it is not allowed to move.
4-It is only allowed to be at one point. The entire energy, the whole movement sticks to one point. Yoga is concerned with concentration. The yogic mind has its thinking focused, fixed at one point; no movement is allowed.
1-MeditationIn ordinary thinking, mind is allowed to move anywhere; in contemplation, it is allowed only in one direction, all other directions are cut off.
2-In concentration, it is not allowed to move even in one direction, it is allowed only to be on one point. And then comes, Meditation.
3-In Meditation, mind is not allowed at all.Meditation is 'no-mind', not even concentration is allowed. Mind itself is not allowed to be, that is why meditation cannot be grasped by the mind. Up to concentration, mind has reach, an approachable reach. Mind can understand concentration, but not meditation.
4-Mind is not allowed at all really in meditation. In ordinary thinking, all directions are open; in concentration, only one point is open-no directions. In meditation even that point is not open, even that point is taken away. Mind is not allowed to be.
5-Thinking is an ordinary state of mind and meditation is the highest possibility. The lowest one is ordinary thinking-association, and the highest, the peak, is meditation i.e. no-mind.
NOTE;-Here the difference is clear;-
1-True meditation is not concentration. Concentration is only a by-product of meditation. Meditation is the Source of concentration. Through meditation one can achieve all mind powers including concentration.
2-However, concentration techniques alone will not be able to help you master your mind. They only give you temporary relaxation but they cannot bring about any major transformation in your attitude, behavior or mindset.
3-The biggest example of this is the warrior 'Arjuna' in the Mahabharatha, who was at the peak of concentration. However, when it came to the final test, his concentration failed him miserably. Even he fell prey to his mind's dualities and became a victim of fear, escapism and deep depression.
4-Concentration is limited. Concentration is just a solace. Meditation is the real solution."Concentration is a practice, a mental exercise. Meditation is a process, a direct approach to the mind.
SIGNIFICANCE OF CONCENTRATION;-- 1-Concentration and meditation are the royal roads to perfection. Concentration leads to meditation. Fix the mind on one object either within the body or without. Keep it there steadily for some time. This is concentration. You will have to practise this daily. 2-Purify the mind first through the practice of right conduct and then take to the practice of concentration. Concentration without purity of mind is of no avail. There are some occultists who have concentration. But they have no good character. That is the reason why they do not make any progress in the spiritual line. 3-He who has a steady posture and has purified his nerves and the vital sheath by constant practice of control of breath will be able to concentrate easily. Concentration will be intense if you remove all distractions. A true celibate who has preserved his energy will have wonderful concentration. 4-Some foolish, impatient students take to concentration at once without in any manner undergoing any preliminary training in ethics. This is a serious blunder. Ethical perfection is a matter of paramount importance. 5-You can concentrate internally on any of the seven centres of spiritual energy. Attention plays a very prominent part in concentration. He who has developed his powers of attention will have good concentration. A man who is filled with passion and all sorts of fantastic desires can hardly concentrate on any subject or object even for a second. His mind will be jumping like an old monkey. 6-A scientist concentrates his mind and invents many new things. Through concentration he opens the layers of the gross mind and penetrates deeply into the higher regions of the mind and gets deeper knowledge. He concentrates all the energies of his mind into one focus and throws them out upon the materials he is analysing and finds out their secrets. 7-He who has gained abstraction (withdrawing the senses from the objects) will have good concentration. You will have to march on in the spiritual path step by step, stage by stage. Lay the foundation of right conduct, postures, regulation of breath and abstraction to start with. The superstructure of concentration and meditation will be successful then only. 8-You should be able to visualise the object of concentration very clearly even in its absence. You will have to call up the mental picture at a moment's notice. If you have good concentration you can do this without much difficulty. 9-In the beginning stage of practice, you can concentrate on the 'tik-tik' sound of a watch or on the flame of a candle or any other object that is pleasing to the mind. This is concrete concentration. There is no concentration without something to rest the mind upon. The mind can be fixed on any object in the beginning which is pleasant. It is very difficult to fix the mind in the beginning on an object which the mind dislikes. 10-Those who practise concentration evolve quickly. They can do any work with scientific accuracy and great efficiency. What others do in six hours can be done by one who has concentration within half an hour. What others can read in six hours, can be read by one who does concentration within half an hour. 11-Concentration purifies and calms the surging emotions, strengthens the current of thought and clarifies the ideas. Concentration helps a man in his material progress also. He will have a very good out-turn(result) of work in his office or business house. What was cloudy and hazy before becomes clear and definite. What was difficult before becomes easy now and what was complex, bewildering and confusing before becomes easy within the mental grasp. 12-You can achieve anything through concentration. Nothing is impossible to a man who practises regular concentration. It is very difficult to practise concentration when one is hungry and when one is suffering from an acute disease. He who practises concentration will possess very clear mental vision. SIGNIFICANCE OF MEDITATION;-- 1-Meditation is the only royal road to the attainment of salvation or Moksha. Meditation kills all pains, sufferings and three kinds of Taapas (fevers) and five Kleshas or sorrows. Meditation gives the vision of unity. Meditation produces sense of oneness. 2-Meditation is an aeroplane that helps the aspirant to soar high in the realms of eternal bliss and everlasting peace. It is a mysterious ladder that connects earth and heaven and takes the aspirant to the immortal abode of Brahman. 3-Meditation is the continuous flow of one thought of God or Atman, like the continuous flow of oil from one vessel to another (Tailadharavat). Meditation follows concentration.
NOTE;-NEXT IS---TYPES OF MEDITATION....SHIVOHAM