WHAT IS THE SADHANA FOR BEGINNERS ? TYPES & ESSENTIALS OF MEDITATION?---04
KINDS OF MEDITATION;--There are three types of Meditation
Selection for Meditation depends on the stage of sadhak;---
1-PRELIMINARY MEDITATION :---.For neophytes
1-1-Meditation on a Rose/Lotus ..
1-2-Meditation on 12 Virtues
1-3-Meditation on Divine Songs
1-4-Meditation on Gita Slokas .
2-SAGUN MEDITATION :---.
2-1-Meditation on Ishta Devatas
2-2-Meditation on Virat Purusha
2-3-Meditation on Gayatri .
3-NIRGUN MEDITATION :----(Meditation on Ideas)
3-1- Vedantic Meditation
3-2-Assertions for Vedantic Nididhyasana
3-4-Meditation on OM
3-5-Meditation on “ Soham”
3-6-Meditation on Mahavakyas ..
ESSENTIALS OF MEDITATION ;--
Have a separate meditation room under lock and key. Never allow anybody to enter the room. Burn incense there. Wash your feet and then enter the room.Retire to a quiet place or room where you do not fear interruption, so that your mind may feel secure and at rest. Of course, the ideal condition cannot always be obtained, in which case you should do the best you can. You should be alone, yourself, in communion with God or Brahman.
Get up at 4 a.m. (Brahmamuhurta) and meditate from 4 a.m. to 6 a.m. Have another sitting at night from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m.Keep a picture of your Ishta Devata in the room, and also some religious books—the Gita, the Upanishads, the Yoga Vasistha, the Bhagavata, etc. Spread your Asana in front of the picture of your Ishta Devata.
Sit in Padma, Siddha, Sukha, or Svastika Asana. Keep the head, neck and trunk in a straight line. Do not bend either forward of backward.Close your eyes and concentrate gently in the Trikuti, the space between the two eyebrows. Lock the fingers.Never wrestle with the mind. Do not use any violent effort in concentration. Relax all the muscles and the nerves. Relax the brain. Gently think of your Ishta Devata. Slowly repeat your -Mantra with Bhava and meaning.
4-TAME THE MIND;-
Still the bubbling mind. Silence the thoughts.Make no violent effort to control the mind, but rather allow it to run along for a while, and exhaust its efforts. It will take advantage of the opportunity and will jump around like an unchained monkey at first, until it gradually slows down and looks to you for orders. It may take some time to tame the mind, but each time you try, it will come around you in a shorter time.
SAGUNA AND NIRGUNA DHYANA:---
1-To meditate on a Name and a Form of the Lord is Saguna-Dhyana. This is concrete meditation. Meditate on any form of God you like, and repeat His Name mentally. This is Saguna-Dhyana.
2-Or repeat OM mentally and meditate on abstract ideas like Infinity, Eternity, Purity, Consciousness, Truth, Bliss, etc., identifying these with your Self. This is Nirguna-Dhyana.
METHOD OF SAGUNA DHYANA ;--
1-When you meditate on Lord Krishna in the beginning, keep His picture in front of you. Look at it with steady gazing without winking the eyelids. 2-See His feet first, then the yellow silken robe, then the ornaments around His neck, then His face, earrings, crown on the head set with diamonds, then His armlets, bracelets, then His conch, disc, mace and lotus. Then come again to the feet.
3- Now start again the same process. Do this again and again for half an hour. When you feel tired, look steadily at the face only. Do this practice for three months.Then close your eyes and mentally visualise the picture and rotate the mind in different parts, as you did before
4-.You can associate the attributes of God, as omnipotence, omniscience, purity, perfection, etc. during the course of your meditation.
THE KEY NOTES;---
1-Stick to one method. In the initial stages, Saguna-Dhyana alone is suitable for the vast majority of persons.
2-Again and again withdraw the mind from worldly objects when it runs away from the Lakshya, and fix it there. This sort of combat will go on for some months.
3-If evil thoughts enter your mind, do not use your will-force in driving them. You will only lose your energy. You will only tax your will. You will fatigue yourself. The greater the efforts you make, the more the evil thoughts will return with redoubled force. They will return more quickly, also. The thoughts will become more powerful. Be indifferent. Keep quiet. They will pass away soon. Or, substitute good counter-thoughts
4-. Or think of the picture of God and the Mantra, again and again, forcibly. Or, pray.\Never let a day pass without meditation. Be regular and systematic. These are all auxiliaries to meditation.Do not shake the body. Keep it as firm as a rock. Breathe slowly. Do not scratch the body every now and then.
5-Take Sattvic food. Fruits and milk will help mental focusing. Give up meat, fish, eggs, smoking, liquors, etc.Dash cold water on the face to drive off drowsiness. Stand up for 15 minutes.Take only milk and fruits at night. By these methods you can combat sleep.
6-Be careful in the selection of your companions.Talk a little. Observe Mouna for two hours daily. Do not mix with undesirable persons. Read good, inspiring, religious books. (This is substitute for good company, if you do not get positive good company). Have satsanga.
7-Have the right mental attitude .When the mind is tired, do not concentrate. Give it a little rest.When an idea exclusively occupies the mind, it is transformed into an actual physical or mental state. Therefore, if you keep the mind fully occupied with the thought of God alone, you will get into Nirvikalpa Samadhi very quickly. Therefore, exert in right earnest. THE NEXT IS ---MEDITATION TECHNIQUE