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WHAT ARE THE SEVEN DHATUS (tissues) ?---- From the Viewpoint of Ayurveda-- 04 FACTS;-- 1-The seven dhatus are the seven tissues of the body. In English & In Sanskrit, they are;------ 1-Plasma,// Rasa 2-Blood, // Rakta 3- Muscle, // Mamsa 4-Fat,// Medas, 5-Bone, // Asthi 6-Marrow // Majja 7-Nerve, and reproductive tissue, // Shukra 2-These are the structures that make up the body. However, like most concepts in vedic literature, they are much more than their one-dimensional definitions. They are integral to understanding the relationships of the tissues in the body, and they are sites that doshas enter when they cause disease. 3-An understanding of the seven dhatus is important to understanding pathology; what goes wrong in the body. When a dosha enters a dhatu, a proper understanding of the dhatu helps the practitioner predict the symptoms that will manifest and provides clues to the best treatment. 4-The body contains three doshas kapha, pitta, vayu. When they go astray, they destroy the life. When they are equalised, they govern the life. Ras, Rakta, Mans, Med, Asthi, Majja and Shukra are seven dhatus. These are also called substances. Urine, stool and sweat are known as mal. They are also substances, both of these can be affected by the doshas. DESCRIPTION OF 07 DHATUS;-- 1-RAS (Fluids) - 1-1-This is a flowing dhatu. When one consumes food that is a square meal, based on panchmahabhootas, including six rasas, twenty characteristics and all types of viryas and when the food is digested properly after being processed by the fire in the stomach, the substance generated which is minute essence is known as rasa. 1-2- Its place is the heart and that is circulated through all the vessels due to the vyanvayu all over the body. It also supplies dhatus necessary for the growth of the children, dhatus which are weakened in the old people, and continues to maintain the stability in the middle aged persons. It stays alive in the body. Other dhatus are then made up of rasa. 2-RAKTA;--(Blood) - 2-`1-When the rasa containing more water reaches the liver and the spleen, it becomes red in colour due to the ranjak pitta. Then it is known as blood. 2-2-The characteristics of prithvi, aap, tej, vayu and aakash in that order i e peculiar smell, liquidity, red colour, speed are exhibited in blood. 2-3- Hence blood is known as panchamahabhoutic. When the blood is washed away from a cloth and does not leave any stain on the cloth, it is termed as healthy blood ( defectless ). That is the main function of this dhatu. 3-MANSA (Muscular Tissue or flesh) - 3-1-On the supporting blood, the fire in the muscular tissue operates in the mansvah strotra and this dhatu is produced. The warmth or heat of the vayu and tej is mixed up in the blood and it becomes thick. It gets ripened due to the fire of the mansa and takes the form of mansa. 3-2-The cells and the muscles in the body are also forms of flesh. .. The cells do the act of covering and hence the organs are protected. The muscles bear the weight of the body. The joints move. All these movements are due to vyanvayu. 4-MED (Adipose Tissue)- On the supporting mansa (flesh), the fire in the med operates in medovah strota and the dhatu med is created. It strengthens the body. 5-ASTHI (Bones) - On the panchmahabhootas in the supporting elements, the fire in the asthidhatu operates and creates roughness. This creates bones. Due to vayu , they can be porous. This function is carried on in asthivah strota. Due to this... 6-MAJJA (Bone Marrow) - Asthidhatu supporting majja gets operated upon by the fire in majja in majjavah strota. and majja dhatu is created. The holes in the bones is known as majja. The nature of it is different from the med... 7-Shukra (Generative Tissue) - 7-1-Shukra dhatu is produced from majja due to uniting with fire. The origin of shukra dhatu is in shukradhar kala in shukravah strota all over the body. 7-2-Though the testicles and the eggs are the main origins for this, actually shukra dhatu is produced all over the body in a miniscule form. It drizzles in the testicles and comes out through medhra. In a young age, it exists in invisible form and when the child comes of age, it becomes visible. 7-3-Female Shukr-- The shukra dhatu originating in the female body is termed as Aartava. There are two types of this : A- The monthly aartava which is produced in the uterus each month, this is known as bahihpushpa. This is not useful for conceiving, but this is necessary to purify the uterus. B- The other aartava originates in a tiny form It takes part in the unity by absorbing the shukra, it is termed as Antarpushpa. WHAT IS OJ? - 1-The brightness or the excellent glow in the shukra dhatu, of all seven dhatus, is termed as oj. 2-The main place of oj is the heart, but it occupies the entire body. It is the main basis of living and the state of the body depends on it. Pranas reside in it. 3-It is actually representative of the characteristics of all seven dhatus and as such need not be considered as the eighth dhatu. 4-The oj is reflected through the colour of the skin. As the dhatu shukra is omnipresent, it is present in the skin too. The impurities of the med i e sweat and the impurities of majja are thrown out of the skin. Also, the impurities of the bones i e nails and hair also get out of the skin. FIVE SENSE ORGANS;-- 1-EYES 2-EARS 3-NOSE 4-SKIN 5-TONGUE 1-EYES - 1-1-The eyeball is round, like cow's udder and with panchmahabhootas. The flesh, blood, black circle, white circle, tear ducts are made up of prithvi, teja, vayu, jala and aakash. The white circle in the eyes is made up of the of kapha. 1-2- Naturally, eyes are with concentrated gaze, with clear features, healthy and bright. The eye ball is 2/3 rd finger length wide, and two and half centimeters in diameter. 1/3 of the eye is the black ball and the real eyesight is 1/9 th of the black ball. 1-3-In an eye, there are 5 circles, 6 joints and 6 layers. The eyes of human beings having vat, pitta and kapha constitution are with unstable gaze, reddish and white. The pranvayu carried the perception of the sight to the mind and intelligence. 1-4-Udanvayu reflects the mental emotions through the eyes. Vyanvayu is responsible for the blinking action. The pitta in the eyes receives the sight perception. 1-5-The tarpak kapha in the head keeps all the organs happy and healthy. The impurities are thrown out through the eyes. 2-EARS (Shravanendriya) - 2-1-The originate from the principle of aakash. The natural ears are thick, broad with a flat seat, well joined ear lobes, big holes, equal in proportion and grow downwards and are folded on the backside. Big, fleshy and hairy ears are indicative of long life. Ears are four fingers long. 2-2-Ears are the place of vat. The wave sounds are grasped by the ears and are carried to the mind and intelligence through the word carrying vessels. This action is done by pranvayu. Ears have an outside opening and the impurities are thrown out of it. 3-NOSE (Ghranendriy)- 1- The originates from the principle of earth. A straight, big nostril, breathing with pleasure, receiving the smells properly, with the tip slightly pointed downwards is the natural nose. It is four fingers in length. 2-There are three bones, 1 joint, and cells in the nose. It is a place of kapha. To smell any smell kapha is necessary. The action of breathing is through pran and udanvayu. 4-SKIN;-- 4-1-As the fat skims up when the milk is heated, similarly seven skins are generated. They are as follows : 1-Aavbhasini 2-Lohita 3-Shweta 4-Taamra 5-Vedini 6-Rohini 7-Mansdhara 4-2-The sense of touch and perceptions are carried to the mind and intelligence through pran and udan vayu. The reflex action is due to vyanvayu. Due to udan vayu the original colour and the color of the skin is preserved. The health of the skin depends on the digestion due to saman and the regular excretions due to apana. 5-TONGUE;-- 5-1-The tongue is an organ which is based on jal principle. It originates from of the kapha, mansa and blood. Tongue is out of ten, the natural tongue is long, wide, smooth, thin without any defects and pinkish in colour. 5-2-The tongue is a place of bodhak kapha and also of sense of food. The action of the bodhak kapha is helped by the pranvayu and the sense of food and the normal sense of touch is carried by the pranvayu. Udan vayu gets the work of talking through the tongue. FIVE ORGANS OF ACTION (Panchakarmedriye ); 1-Hands 2--Legs3-Tongue -(The tongue is an organ of sense as also an organ of action.)4-Excretory Organs 5-Genitals THE ELEVENTH ORGAN "MIND";- 1-After considering the five sensory perception organs and five organs of action, it is natural to consider the eleventh organ i e mind. The mind perceives the knowledge through the five sensory perception organs and then coaxes the sensory perception organs and organs of action to do their work, hence it is termed as organs of action. 2-To carry out any action or to sense any knowledge, mind is necessary. The two contradictory characteristics of mind are the sense of knowledge or absence of knowledge e g while viewing any substance, if the mind is present, then the knowledge can be gained. 3-When the knowledge is being received, if the mind is not present at ears and nose, then the sound and smell cannot be perceived. The two aspects of the mind are minuteness and unity. 4-Mind cannot simultaneously relate to two different organs at a time, hence two actions cannot be performed at a time. Contemplating, thinking, guessing, goal, memory whatever knowledgeable substances are there, all are part of the subject of mind. INTELLIGENCE;- 1-Organs grasp the subject in the presence of mind and then the mind starts comparing then the action of the intelligence starts. It considers the pluses and minuses and then behaves according to the orders of the intelligence. 2-It always questions whether a particular thing is right or wrong. Then the intelligence which can think comes forward and decides, hence the intelligence is termed as determinative........SHIVOHAM......