WHAT IS THE HIDDEN MYSTERY OF THE ATTRIBUTES OF SHIVA ?SHIVA -04
Lord Shiva is one of the prominent Hindu gods and one of the "trimurti"(holy trinity) of the Hindu pantheon. The different symbols of Lord Shiva are symbolized by the various things associated with Him. Each of these signify a different aspect of his Supreme Being. VIZ....
20 FACTS;- 1-THIRD EYE;-
05 POINTS;- 1-Shiva is often depicted with a third eye with which he burned Desire (Kāma) to ashes. There has been controversy regarding the original meaning of Shiva's name Tryambakam (Sanskrit: त्र्यम्बकम्), which occurs in many scriptural sources.
2-In classical Sanskrit the word ambaka denotes "an eye", and in the Mahabharata Shiva is depicted as three-eyed, so this name is sometimes translated as "Having Three Eyes".
3-Tryambaka Deva, meaning "three-eyed Lord". The sun is said to be his right eye, the moon the left eye while fire is his third eye.
4-While his other two eyes indicate his activity in the physical world, his third eye in the center of his forehead looks beyond the obvious. It stands for spiritual knowledge and power, and is thus called the eye of wisdom or knowledge.
5-Like fire, the powerful gaze of Shiva's third eye can search evil from anywhere and annihilate it completely. This is the reason why evil-doers fear his third eye. 2-BLUE THROAT;- The epithet Nīlakaṇtha (Sanskrit नीलकण्ठ; nīla = blue, kaṇtha = throat) refers to a story in which Shiva drank the poison churned up from the world ocean. 3-CRESCENT MOON;-
05 POINTS;- 1-Shiva bears on his head the crescent of the moon. The epithet ChandraSekhara ; "Having the moon as his crest" ; chandra = Moon, Sekhara = crest, crown; refers to this feature.
2-The placement of the moon on his head as a standard iconographic feature dates to the period when Rudra rose to prominence and became the major deity Rudra-Shiva.
3-The origin of this linkage may be due to the identification of the moon with Soma, and there is a hymn in the Rig Veda where Soma and Rudra are jointly emplored, and in later literature Soma and Rudra came to be identified with one another, as were Soma and the Moon.
4-Lord Shiva is typically pictured as wearing a crescent-shaped ornament on one side of his head. This is why he is often called 'Chandrasekhara' meaning "Having the moon as his crest".
5-The Crescent is actually the moon in its fifth day phase and symbolizes the time cycle through which creation evolves from the beginning to the end. The moon is a measure of time, and thus the Crescent on Lord Shiva's head signifies his control over time. The Lord is the Eternal Reality and He is beyond time. Thus, the crescent moon is only one of His ornaments, and not an integral part of Him. 4-MATTED HAIR /JATA ;-
1-The flow of his matted hair represents Shiva as the Lord of Wind or Vayu, who is the subtle form of breath present in all living beings. It shows that Shiva is Pashupatinath, Lord Of All Living Beings. 2-Shiva's distinctive hair style is noted as Kapardin, "Endowed with matted hair" or "wearing his hair wound in a braid in a shell-like (kaparda) fashion".
3-A kaparda is a cowrie shell, or a braid of hair in the form of a shell, or more generally hair that is shaggy or curly.
4-It is only in Hinduism that wearing a ‘jata' or hair matted in locks is associated with renunciation though all ancient civilisations in the world have nurtured it as part of religious culture . 5-SACRED GANGA;-
05 POINTS;- 1-The Ganga river flows from the matted hair of Shiva. The epithet Gaṅgādhara ("Bearer of the river Gaṅgā") refers to this feature. The Ganga (Ganges), one of the major rivers of the country, is said to have made her abode in Shiva's hair.
2-The legend of Bhagiratha states that when the sage of that name invoked the gods to send the divine Ganges to earth to relieve a drought and purify the remains of his ancestors, he was warned that the earth had not the capacity to withstand the descent of the Ganges from heaven, in pursuit of which he propitiated Shiva to receive the Ganges upon her descent from heaven and release her with diminished force.
3- This is symbolically represented by depicting Ganga as a jet of water sprinkling out of the head of the Lord and falling on the ground.
4-Legend has it that the Lord allowed an outlet to the great river to traverse (to cross, throw across) the earth and bring purifying water to human being. Hence, Lord Shiva is often referred to as Gangadhara or "Bearer of the river Ganga".
5-The river Ganga also denotes fertility, one of the creative aspects of the Rudra. It also indicates that Shiva is not only the Lord of destruction but also the bestower of knowledge, purity and peace on the devotees. 6-ASHES;-
05 POINTS;- 1-Shiva smears his body with ashes (bhasma). Some forms of Shiva, such as Bhairava, are associated with a very old Indian tradition of cremation-ground asceticism that was practiced by some groups who were outside the fold of brahmanic orthodoxy.
2-One epithet for Shiva is "Inhabitant of the cremation ground" ( also spelled Shmashanavasin) referring to this connection.
3-Unclad body smeared with ashes: This form of Lord Shiva symbolizes the transcendental aspect of his nature and indicates that his presence is much higher than this physical phenomenon.
4-The ashes on the Lord's body is cemetery ash, which points to the philosophy of the life and death and shows that death is the ultimate reality of the life.
5-Most things in the universe reduce to ashes when burned and this aspect of nature is suggested by the ash-smeared appearance of Lord Shiva, who is held to be the God of destruction in Hindu mythology. The Lord is beyond the cycle of birth and death. 7-TIGER SKIN;--
04 POINTS;- 1-He is often shown seated upon a tiger skin, an honour reserved for the most accomplished of Hindu ascetics, the Brahmarishis.Hindu mythology states that the tiger is the vehicle of Shakti, the Goddess of power and force.
2-Lord Shiva is often shown seated upon or wearing a tiger skin, which emphasizes the fact that he is the master of Shakti and is beyond and above any kind of force.
3-Tiger is also the emblem of lust. The Lord's sitting on Tiger skin indicates that he has conquered lust.
4-Tiger also represents energy. Lord Shiva is the source of the creative energy that remains in potential form during the dissolution state of the universe. He activates this energy using his own Divine Will to project the universe in endless cycles. 8-SERPENTS;-
03 POINTS;- 1-Lord Shiva is often shown with a snake curled three times around His neck and looking towards His right side.
2-The three coils of the snake symbolize the past, present and future - time in cycles. The snake looking in the right direction of Lord Shiva signifies that the Lord's perpetual laws of reason and justice preserve natural order in the universe.
3-The snake is believed to be the Vasuki Naga, a deadly cobra. The Lord wearing the deadly snake like an ornament signifies that He is independent of time and death. It also suggests the dormant energy, called Kundalini Shakti, that resides within him. 9-TRISHULA (Trident);-
02 POINTS;- 1-Shiva's particular weapon is the trident.The trident, or the spear with three prongs, is one of the accessories of the Lord and symbolizes His three fundamental powers iccha(will), kriya(action) and jnana(knowledge).
2-It also signifies His power to destroy evil and ignorance. As His weapon and instrument of punishment the trident represents Lord Shiva's manner of punishing the evil doers on all the three planes - spiritual, subtle and physical. 10-DAMARU ;-
05 POINTS;- 1-A small drum shaped like an hourglass is known as a damaru (Sanskrit: ḍamaru). This is one of the attributes of Shiva in his famous dancing representation known as Nataraja.
2-A specific hand gesture (mudra) called ḍamaru-hasta ( "ḍamaru-hand") is used to hold the drum. This drum is particularly used as an emblem by members of the Kāpālika sect.It is the small hourglass-shaped drum that the Lord holds in one of his hands in a specific gesture called 'damaru-hasta'.
3-The two sides of the drum separated from each other by a thin neck-like structure represents the two utterly different states of existence, unmanifest and manifest.
4-When a damaru is shaken, it produces Nada, the cosmic sound of AUM, which can be heard during deep meditation.
5-According to Hindu scriptures, Nada is the source of creation. This is one of the attributes of Shiva in his famous dancing representation known as Nataraja.
11-HALF -OPEN EYES;
The half-open eyes of Lord Shiva convey the idea that the cycle of universe is in process. When the Lord opens His eyes a new cycle of creation begins and when He closes them it signifies the destruction of the universe for creation of the next cycle. The half-open eyes signify that creation is going through an eternal cyclic process, with no beginning and no end. 12-NANDI (The Attendant of Shiva);-
03 POINTS;- 1-Also known as Nandin, is the name of the bull that serves as Shiva's mount . Shiva's association with cattle is reflected in his name Pashupati translated as "Lord of cattle" or "Lord of Animals", -- particularly used as an epithet of Rudra.
2- Nandi is the Bull of Lord Shiva and is said to be his vehicle. The bull is a symbol both of power and ignorance which suggests that Lord Shiva removes ignorance of his devotees and gives them the power of wisdom.
3-In Sanskrit a bull is called "Vrisha" which also means "righteousness". The Nandi bull beside Lord Shiva indicates that He is the eternal companion of righteousness. 13-GANA;- In Hinduism, the Gaṇas are attendants of Shiva and live in Kailasa. They are often referred to as the Boothaganas, or ghostly hosts, on account of their nature. Generally benign, except when their Lord is transgressed against, they are often invoked to intercede with the Lord on behalf of the devotee. Ganesha was chosen as their leader by Shiva, hence Ganesha's title gaṇa-īśa or gaṇa-pati, "lord of the gaṇas".
14- THE ELEPHANT & DEER SKIN;- The Lord also wears elephant and deer skins. Elephants stand in for pride while deer represent the flickering mind. Wearing elephant and deer skin shows that Lord Shiva has conquered both these vices.
15-RUDRAKSHA NECKLACE; -
1-He is almost always shown as wearing a necklace having 108 beads made with seeds of the Rudraksha tree. The beads represent the elements used in the creation of the world.
2-The Rudraksha necklace points to the ‘Rudra’ aspect of the Lord, which is also His other name. The word 'Rudra' means "strict or uncompromising" and aksha means "eye." It illustrates the fact that Lord Shiva is firm about His cosmic laws and strictly maintains law and order in the universe.
1-The water pot (Kamandalu) often shown adjacent to the Lord is another of his accessories. It is said to be made from a dry pumpkin and containing amrit (nectar). Indian Yogis and sages are seen to carry the Kamandalu as an item of basic necessity. The carrying of the Kamandalu shows the yogic nature of the Lord.
2- But it has a deeper significance. As a ripe pumpkin has been plucked from a plant, its fruit removed and shell cleaned for containing the nectar, an individual too must give up his attachment to the physical world and clean his inner self of egoistic desires to experience the bliss of the Self, symbolized by the nectar in the Kamandalu.
1-The Kundalas refer to the two ear rings;-
1-1-Alakshya -meaning "which cannot be shown by any sign" and
1-2-Niranjan -meaning "which cannot be seen by mortal eyes", worn by the Lord.
2-The ornaments in the ears of the Lord signify that He is beyond ordinary perception. It is noteworthy that the kundala in the left ear of the Lord is of the type used by women and the one in His right ear is of the type used by men.
3-The dual type of Kundalas represent the Shiva and Shakti (male and female) principle of creation.
The three line of ashes drawn on the forehead of the Lord is known as the Vibhuti. It signifies the Immortality of the Lord and his manifested glory. 19-MOUNT KAILASHA IN THE HIMALAYAS ;-
02 POINTS;- 1-. Mount Kailāsa is conceived as resembling a Linga. Lord Shiva is most often shown to be seated with the beautiful Himalayas serving as his backdrop.
2-Mount Kailash is said to be His traditional abode. In Hindu mythology, Mount Kailasha is said to represent the center of the universe. This denotes that Lord Shiva is 'Kailas' - the bestower of peace and also 'Kailashadhipati' meaning "Lord Of Mount Kailash". 20-VARANASI/BENARES;- Benares is considered as the city specially-loved by Shiva, and is one of the holiest places of pilgrimage in India. It is referred to, in religious contexts, as Kashi.