WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT SCHOOLS OF TANTRA (DAKSHINACHAR, VAMACHAR, & SAMAYACHAR )?TRUE TANTRA
WHAT IS TANTRA?-
1-“Tantra is a scandal to the Orthodox people. But it is an Indian Cult. It is widely recognised that Tantra is very valuable for people of the present, Westereners as well as Indians.
2-Hindus,Buddhists and Jains share Tantrik ideas and Tantrik things from times (C.20,000 B.C.) which can be matched accuratly with methods, symbols still used today by Tantrikas. 3-Tantra today is with extraordinary purity, the most essential patterns of human symbolic expression which stands developed through hundreds of generations. Each generations of Tantrikas has incorporated the best scientific knowledge available to it. INDIA CONTRIBUTED TO THE MAXIMUM.” WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE word ''TANTRA''?--- The word “Tantra” means Tanutraya ie. Sthula, Sukshma and Karan. ORIGIN OF TANTRA :--
04 FACTS;- 1-Veda and Tantra are both equally important from the early Rig-Vedic Age.
2-The famous “Sree Shukta” of Rig-Veda is identical with Pancha Dashakshari Mantra of Sree Vidya proves that both are equal in philosophies though there are many differences in ritrualistic part or “Karma Kanda” but the concept of the faminine worship was equally accepted in both Vedas and Tantra. 3-Tantra was pre vedic but what we find about Tantra today is parallal to early “Rig-Vedic” Age and post Vedic Age. 4-Veda is divided into three parts –
DESCRIPTION OF THREE PARTS OF VEDA;- 1-KARMA KANDA; - Karma Kanda deals with Nitya Karma (spiritual practices that are performed daily like prata kritya, snanam, tri-sandhya, nitya pujan etc.), Naimittic Karma (spiritual practices which are occassionally performed like Navaratri, Durga Puja, Shiva Ratri, Dipawali etc.) and Kamya Karma (special spiritual rites for achievement of worldly fullfillment). 2-UPASANA KANDA;- Upasana Kanda deals with MANTRA, YANTRA,TANTRA and different SIDDHIS and SADHANA.Besides this it deals with different types of Worships and Homa with Patra Sadan and avaran pujan (residing deities within the yantra) of various gods and goddesses. 3-GYANA KANDA;- Gyana Kanda deals with Vedanta and Upanishada.It is the ultimate goal of Sadhaka or devotee to achieve “Moksha” (Salvation). So in short we can see that Tantra derives it’s root from Veda. So Veda and Tantra though not same but identical in concept and philosophy very closely. DESCRIPTION OF TANTRACHAR & ITS DIFFERENT SCHOOLS;- There are diffferent schools of Tantra like Dakshinachar, Vamachar, and Samayachar. Those who follow the vedic principle very strictly usually follows Dakshinachar or Samayachar. DAKSHINACHAR & SAMAYACHAR;-
02 FACTS;- 1-Dakshinachar” means worshipping the Deity by alternate means of “Panchamakar”. Generally those who have Sattwic Qualities and by cast Dwijati (Brahmin, Kshatriya, Baishya) follows this path. 2-“Samayachar” is totally mental worship (Antar Yaga or Manas Pujan). Generally practiced by Yogi’s, Sannyasi’s, Brahmacharies’ and Brahmins. “Samayachar” means Samya (union) of Maha Kameswar with Maha Kameswari . Here the “Sri Yantra” Pujan, Tarpan and Homa is performed by Meditation and highest thinking of Yoga. VAMACHAR, & KAULACHAR;-
02 FACTS;- 1-Both are same but there are some differences such as “Vamachar” is the initial stage where after “Purnabhisekh” , Sadhana is performed by using the “Pancha Makar” Directly, but in “Kaulachar” , “Pancha Makar” though is used Directly but the importance of Yoga ie. “Kundalini Jagaran”(Awakening of the sleeping serpent inside the individual).
2-So in short “Kaulachar” is the stage of “Siddha” or “Truth Seeker”. SRI KULA & KALI KULA;-
02 FACTS;- 1-Generally the Tantra discipline is governed by both “Sri Kula” and “Kali Kula”. Among the Dus Mahavidyas MA Kali, MA Tara, MA Dhuma,and MA Chhinnamasta comes under “Kali Kula”. Likewise MA Tripur Sundari, MA Bhairabi, MA Bhuvoneswari,MA Matangi and MA Kamala are the “Sri Kula” Goddesses.
2-There are very little differences in methods of worship and which can be understood only by a revealed GURU. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF THE WORD 'GURU '?--
05 FACTS;-- 1-Gu” means darkness, “Ru” means enlightment.
2-Characteristics of “Sat” (True) Guru (Master) are mentioned both in “Veda” and “Tantra”.
3- The Guru should be “Shrotriya” which means learned in Veda, Purana, Sharodarshan, Tantra and other religious or spiritual philosophy.
4-“Akamahato” who is free from all worldly wishes and lead a perfect chaste life and “Bhrahmanishtha” means achievement of the ultimate plane of realisation according to “Vedanta” ie. Salvation. 5-In spite of all these qualities the “Guru” should have the “Purnabhisekh” and different stages of “Tantric Diksha” such as Kramo Diksha, Samrajyo Diksha, Maha Medha, Maha Samrajya Diksha, Amnaye Diksha and Purna Diksha. ACCORDING TO GURU GITA; -
05 FACTS;- In Guru Gita, Shiva says to Parvati : ------ 1-Just as the ocean is the king of waters, the Param Guru (Saat Guru) is the king of Gurus. ‘A Param Guru is free from attachment, etc; peaceful, always contented in Himself, independent, and one who considers the status of Brahma and Vishnu like a blade of grass. 2-By whose mere Darshan, one attains calmness, cheerfulness, and peace and steadfastness, and peace of mind, such a one is Param Guru(Saat Guru) 3-Family traditions, wealth, strength, shastras, relatives, brothers, – none of these are useful to you at the time of death. Saatguru is the only saviour. 4-The Kularnava Tantra states, ‘It is very rare to find a Saatguru who can give Shaktipat and rare to find a disciple worthy of receiving it. One gets such a Guru only as a result of past meritorious actions.’ 5-In the Upanishads, five signs of Saatguru (True Guru) are mentioned----- ‘In the presence of the Saatguru; Knowledge flourishes; Sorrow diminishes ; Joy wells up without any reason ; Abundance dawns ; All talents manifest (Sarva samvardhan). WHAT ARE THE SAPTO ACHARS IN TANTRA?;-- According to Kularnava Tantra there are seven achars in Tantra. These achars actually identifies different stages of Sadhaka and by completing each stages the Sadhaka should ascend towards ultimate salvation. Though the detailed knowledge can only be achieved under a revered Saad Guru . SAPTO ACHARS IN NUTSHELL;-- 1. VEDACHAR;- In short in this particular discipline the sadhaka use to worship by engaging himself in strict vedic, smarta and puranic rituals. This is the beginning to start a regulated life. 2. VAISHNAVACHAR;- In short in this particular discipline the sadhaka starts the Baishnav Sadhana mainly by following vedic principles. He should strictly abide all rules and regulations as per sashtras and should worship wholeheartedly Lord Bishnu and should surrender all karma to Bishnu. At this stage he is not allowed to perform Japa at night. 3. SHAIVACHAR;- In short in this particular discipline the sadhaka starts worshiping Lord Shiva by abiding Vedic discipline and should surrender his everything at the feet of the Lord Shiva. Simultaneously he should practice the Ashtang Yoga discipline which is important and supportive for the higher achars. 4. DAKSHINACHAR; -
1-As per Kularnava “ Dakshinamurti Rishi practiced this Achar” hence it is termed as Dakshinachar.
2-In this particular discipline also the sadhaka has to strictly abide by vedic rules and can perform Japa at night by taking “Vijaya” (Siddhi).
3-In all the previuous Achars the Sadhaka has practiced about purification of physical body and internal Soul and at the same time his “Nistha” ie. Self Commitment was uplifted from finer to superior form but now to add with it he starts exploring the Kingdom of knowledge.
4-Regular “Shastra Adhyan”, ie. Study of Shastras becomes an important part of his Sadhana. 5. VAMACHAR;– It is a very sacred discipline which can only be mastered under the guidance of a revered Guru, as because this “Vidya” is “GURUMUKHI”. At Daytime worshipping Devi, abiding Brahmacharya discipline and night worshipping Devi in a reverse Achar ie. with “Pancha Mokar” is the significance of this sacred Achaar. 6. SIDHANTACHAR;-
1-After mastering both paths of Sadhana, ie. Dakshinachar & Vamachar, ie the Reverse achaar, the sadhaka attains this stage.
2-He has practiced, felt, observed both Dakshin & Vaam and finally arrived at the Self reconciliation point.
3-He has mastered the art of true “Bhogascha Mokshacha”. He has enjoyed both “worldly pleasures” and “spiritual pleasures” upto the peak. From here his Sadhana towrds Divya path or path of enlightment begins. 7. DIVYACHAR or KAULACHAR;-