WHAT IS NADI PARIKSHA ? (Pulse investigation)--

04 FACTS;- 1-To understand the nadi examination one should consider the three parameters on which it is based;--- 1--SIZE or volume of the pulse;---. 2-NUMBER or rapidity of the pulse;-- 3-RHYTHM or regularity of the pulse;---.

2-Number and rhythm denotes the condition and working of the heart.The size and volume denotes the condition of the blood vessel wall. 3-The size depends upon the state of kapha predominance, the rapidity upon the state of pitta predomination and the regularity on the vata condition. This is the basic idea of the basic influences of vata, pitta and kapha on the vessels. But now it has to be examined in the greater details. In a nut shell we have to classify all our observation under these three doshas.

4-In order to make easier to understand this concept, the three main divisions in the gati (movement) of the pulse, they gave illustration of the gati or gait of various animals, birds and reptiles which are commonly seen around.

DESCRIPTION OF THREE PARAMETERS;- 1-SIZE :----- The volume of food material that are absorbed into the blood stream and that again depend upon the condition of lymphatic system. This is mainly due to influence of kapha dosha which its generating seat in the area of the amashya (stomach) and digestive organs 2-NUMBER;--

The number or rapidity indicates the condition of vascular or the circulatory system. This is because of the influence of pitta dosha or the heat mechanism ad determined by the metabolism. 3-RHYTHM;--

The rhythm of regularity indicates the general condition of the nervous system or the vasomotor control of the body as a whole and this is mainly due to the influence of vata or the nervous mechanism or vital power. Having a concept of these fundamental influences, it is necessary to give a concern to other details like kaal i.e. time (morning, midday, evening or midnight and cold and warm seasons), aahar i.e. food (light or heavy), roga i.e. disease and internal or external changes that takes place in the human body and its environments. WHAT IS GAIT ?:------- The movements of the nadi are compared to those of various birds and reptiles as mentioned by various rishis. As an example, in aggravated vata the pulse movements would be competitive to be like the gait of leech or a serpent, in pitta aggression it will be like gait of a sparrow i.e. jumping in nature and in kapha aggression, gait will be like that of swan.

Following is the detailed mentioning:----- VATA PULSE-- It is world wide accepted that the movement of vata pulse resembles the gait similar to that of a leech or serpent. The points to be studied here are the creeping and crooked movements of the serpent and the wavy movements of the leech. Vata rakta or crookedness is the chief characteristic of vata predominance which is beautifully illustrated by movements of snake. A stringy thinness of a serpent running very fast is also one of the characteristics of vata pulse. When studying the vata pulse, we must keep in mind the missing character of the beats which resembles the movements of leech which stops for a time and then moves again, halting and moving at its pleasure. PITTA PULSE--- It is known that the gait of pitta resembles the movement of a sparrow, crow or a frog. One must be attentive to note the quickness of the movements of the sparrow, the hopping movements of the crow and the jumping movements of the frog. While studying the pitta pulse one should always count the pulse rate, which is an indication of the rapidity of the heart beats and of the metabolism. KAPHA PULSE -- It is accepted by many people that the movement of kapha pulse have resemblance to the movement of a swan or the elephant or pigeon. The points to note here are the steadiness of the gait of the swan, the bigger the size as indicated by heavy and steady movements of the elephant and the gentleness of the movements of the pigeon. It should always be kept in mind, while studying pulse an idea of the fullness of the artery and of the volume of the fluid that is passing through the system at any moment. This is again determined by the condition of the lymphatic system or the watery constituents in the patient’s body.

HOW TO EXAMINE THE PULSE?--------- 1-The above mentioned information just gives a brief idea of diagnosis through pulse investigation. These are the basic information in obtaining the general idea regarding this science. It is like imagining the whole events that can happen due to the discrepancies found in the pulse.

2-Here the involvement of yogic powers like concentration comes into play as lots of eternal power is needed to imagine various conditions and situations. For this purpose one usually closes his eyes for a moment.

3-While examining the pulse and concentrate his whole attention on the study of the whole man and the disease he might suffer from. This stage is the stage of no contact with the surrounding. This is the Samadhi; the physician shall enter into while studying the pulse. A physician who is steadfast in mind i.e. with his whole attention fixed on pure changeless consciousness (sthir chitt).

4-The person is free from all the felling such as desire and hate and is peaceful in mind. Person must have perfect sense of judgment. A pulse expert should touch the pulse at the wrist in right hand of the patient with the tips of his fingers and learn for himself all about the condition of the patient. One must think over the adjectives used to describe the mental state when a physician is studying the pulse of a patient in the calmest way. TIME TO EXAMINE THE PULSE;--------- 1-In the morning before breakfast is the best time to measure the pulse. Place the first three fingers on the wrist, near the root of the thumb, and try to feel the movement of the pulse (radial artery).

2-If the individual is a male, take the right wrist pulse, but if the person is a female, use the left wrist to sense the pattern of the pulse. The hand should be open and held straight.

3-If the movement of the pulse is felt to have a serpentine movement which weaves like a serpent, you will know that the overall disposition of this individual is primarily Vāt in nature.

4-If the pulse seems to be jumping like a frog, crow or sparrow, then Pitt is predominant in his or her physical disposition.

5-Finally, if the pulse moves very slowly like that of a swan or peacock, then Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition

6-In a patient, eight places should be examined.

1. Nadi – Pulse

2. Urine

3. Feces

4. Tongue

5. Shabda – the various body sounds (such as crackling in case of arthritis), voice hoarseness etc.

6. Sparsha – examination by touch.

to know body temperature, local raise of temperature in a swelling etc.

7. Druk – external appearance of the person, examination by eyes.

8. Akruti – shape and built of the person.

NOTE;--The root cause for all diseases is imbalance of Tridosha (Vata, Pitta and Kapha) and cause for Tridosha imbalance is improper food and activities. As the time goes by, one disease itself may become the cause for another disease. 1-EXAMINATION of the Tongue---- If the surface of tongue is found to be somewhat dry and rough, then Vāt is predominant in the physical disposition. If the tongue is reddish or at times slightly darkish in color, then Pitt is predominant, and if it is white in color and somewhat moist and slippery on the surface, then Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition. 2-EXAMINATION of the Eyes----- If the eyes are smoky in color, dry and unsteady, moving fast, Vāt is predominate in the physical disposition. If the eyes are slightly yellowish and burning, and if the person is having sensations in the eyes that give discomfort in the light, the physical disposition is predominantly Pitt. If the eyes are whitish in color, somewhat lusterless, moist and sticky, Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition. 3-EXAMINATION of Facial Luster----- One should conduct this test early in the morning before sunrise. If the body looks lusterless and somewhat darkish in color, then Vāt is predominant in the physical disposition. If it looks somewhat yellowish in color, then Pitt is predominant in the physical disposition. If the body looks lusterless and the skin’s surface is sticky or oily, then Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition. 4-EXAMINATION of the Voice--- If the voice is soft, light and slow, Vāt is predominant. If the voice is clear and somewhat loud, then Pitt is predominant in the physical disposition. Finally, if the voice is heavy and somewhat harsh, or if there is a resonant sounding cough, then Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition. 5-EXAMINATION of the Skin---- Move the finger tips softly on the surface of the skin. If the skin feels somewhat rough and dry, then Vāt is predominant in this physical disposition. If the surface feels hot, one is disposed towards an excess of Pitt. Finally if the skin is cold and slightly moist, one is disposed toward a predominance of Kaph. 6-EXAMINATION of the Urine----- 6-1-Take a glass or bronze vessel and collect the urine in the early morning before sunrise. While collecting the urine, discount the first and last portions of the flow and collect only the middle portion of the urine. 6-2-Take some vegetable oil and with a piece of straw, toothpick or other small instrument, place a drop of the oil into the collected urine. If the oil spreads quickly and mixes with the urine there is predominance of Vāt in this individual’s physical disposition. The color of such urine has reddish hue, and is generally not very warm.

6-3- If after dropping the oil into the urine you notice small bubbles coming up to the surface, Pitt is predominant in this physical disposition. This urine is usually yellow in color.

6-4-However, if the drop of oil spreads over the urine forming an oily film, then Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition. Typically, Kaph urine has a whitish or clear appearance.

6-5-If the drop of oil spreads quickly on the surface of urine and there is no distortion, this indicates a healthy condition.


1-Be aware that urine quality can be affected by certain vitamins, herbal medicines, and there is no distortion, this indicates a healthy condition.

2-Be aware that urine quality can be affected by certain vitamins, herbal medicines, and allopathic medications. Take this into account during the examination of the urine. EXAMINATION of the Stool----- 1-Usually the stool that contains well-digested food will float on the water’s surface, while the stool containing undigested food will sink. If the stool is dry, somewhat darkish in color and foamy, then Vāt is predominant in the physical disposition.

2-If it is slightly reddish or yellowish in color, soft like paste, hot and giving off a bad odor, then Pitt is predominant in the physical disposition. If the stool is whitish or in places somewhat greenish, then Kaph is predominant in the physical disposition.

3-If the characteristics mentioned above are found to be of mixed kinds, know that there is more than one predominant humor in the physical disposition. 4-These tests demonstrate an individual’s physical disposition and reveal whether there is a predominance of Kaph, Pitt or Vāt in the body. After determining which Dosha is predominant, one should make an effort to correct any imbalances in the predominant Dosha.

5-To reduce the predominance of a particular Dosha, you must keep the season in mind, and make the necessary adjustments in lifestyle and diet. Take only those foods which will reduce the excesses that are disturbing the equilibrium of the Doshas. Make specific changes to lifestyle and habits that tend to further imbalance the Doshas. EXAMINATION Differences in Physical Disposition

of the THREE DOSHAS ;- EXAMINATION - VAT ; PITT; KAPH 01-Pulse------- Snake-like-------Hopping----- Slow, smooth 02-Tongue---- Rough,----- light blue----- Red but slight blackish White, moist, slippery 03-Eyes---Dry, smoky, blinking---- Pitt-Yellowish, burning sensation, light-sensitive Kaph-White, lusterless, sticky, watery 04-Facial Luster---Lusterless--, blackish Yellow--- Oily-damp 05-Voice--- Light------ Clear, Strong----- Heavy, harsh, cough-bearing, resonance 06-Skin-- Rough--------- Hot--------------- Cold, damp 07-Urine--Oil spreads and Mixes, Reddish---- Bubbles rising after Oil, Yellow------------ kaph--- Oily film, Whitish 08-Stool---Dry, Dark, Foamy----Pasty, Hot, Odor--Whitish or Greenish in places PRAKRITI & THE DOSHAS;--- Each one of us has a totally unique combination of Vāt, Pitt, and Kaph. This concept of Āyurveda is known as “Prakriti”, or “Nature.” The word Prakriti (Nature) includes both the natural world (macrocosm) and the human body (microcosm). Nature 0perates upon the principle of balance. For proper health and harmony one should balance both the mental and physical aspects of the human organism. If we eliminate all imbalances from the body and the mind we can establish a state of perfect health: physical, mental, social, and spiritual. To achieve this balance Āyurveda gives more importance to the functions of the body than to the structure of the body.-------.......SHIVOHAM ......