WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF BHAJA GOVINDAM ( ADI SHANKARA) ?PART-02/ GURU....03
1-Adi Shankara's words seem to be quite piercing and seem to lack the softness and tenderness often found in his other texts, thus addressing directly. The reason is that this was an extempore recital to an old man. His words can be compared to a knife of a surgeon.
2-The surgeon's knife cruelly removes the tumour with much pain, but removing the tumour ultimately restores good health in the patient. So are Shankara's words, which pierce and point out our ignorance. It is a knife into the heart of worldliness, and by removing this tumour of ignorance, we can attain everlasting bliss with the grace of Govinda.
अग्रे वह्निः पृष्ठे भानुः रात्रौ चुबुकसमर्पितजानुः । करतलभिक्षस्तरुतलवास- स्तदपि न मुञ्चत्याशापाशः
॥ १६॥ Behold there lies the man who sits warming up his body with the fire in front and the sun at the back; at night he curls up the body to keep out of the cold; he eats his beggar's food from the bowl of his hand and sleeps beneath the tree. Still in his heart, he is a wretched puppet at the hands of passions. Stanza attributed to Subodha. ॥ कुरुते गङ्गासागरगमनं व्रतपरिपालनमथवा दानम् । ज्ञानविहीनः सर्वमतेन मुक्तिं न भजति जन्मशतेन ॥१७ ॥ One may go to Gangasagar, observe fasts, and give away riches in charity ! Yet, devoid of jnana, nothing can give mukti even at the end of a hundred births. Stanza attributed to vArtikakAra. ॥सुरमंदिरतरुमूलनिवासः शय्या भूतलमजिनं वासः । सर्वपरिग्रहभोगत्यागः कस्य सुखं न करोति विरागः१८॥ Take your residence in a temple or below a tree, wear the deerskin for the dress, and sleep with mother earth as your bed. Give up all attachments and renounce all comforts. Blessed with such vairgya, could any fail to be content ? Stanza attributed to nityAnanda.
योगरतो वा भोगरतो वा सङ्गरतो वा सङ्गविहीनः । यस्य ब्रह्मणि रमते चित्तं नन्दति नन्दति नन्दत्येव ॥ ॥ १९॥ One may take delight in yoga or bhoga, may have attachment or detachment. But only he whose mind steadily delights in Brahman enjoys bliss, no one else. Stanza attributed to anandagiriH.
भगवद्गीता किञ्चिदधीता गङ्गाजललवकणिका पीता । सकृदपि येन मुरारिसमर्चा क्रियते तस्य यमेन न चर्चा ॥ ॥ २०॥ Let a man read but a little from bhagavadgItA, drink just a drop of water from the Ganges, worship but once murAri. He then will have no altercation with Yama. Stanza attributed to dRiDhabhakta.
पुनरपि जननं पुनरपि मरणं पुनरपि जननीजठरे शयनम् । इह संसारे बहुदुस्तारे कृपयाऽपारे पाहि मुरारे ॥ ॥ २१॥ Born again, death again, again to stay in the mother's womb ! It is indeed hard to cross this boundless ocean of samsAra. Oh Murari ! Redeem me through Thy mercy. Stanza attributed to nityanAtha.
रथ्याचर्पटविरचितकन्थः पुण्यापुण्यविवर्जितपन्थः । योगी योगनियोजितचित्तो रमते बालोन्मत्तवदेव ॥ ॥ २२॥ There is no shortage of clothing for a monk so long as there are rags cast off the road. Freed from vices and virtues, onward he wanders. One who lives in communion with god enjoys bliss, pure and uncontaminated, like a child and as an intoxicated. Stanza attributed to nityanAtha.
कस्त्वं कोऽहं कुत आयातः का मे जननी को मे तातः । इति परिभावय सर्वमसारम् विश्वं त्यक्त्वा स्वप्नविचारम् ॥ २३॥ Who are you ? Who am I ? From where do I come ? Who is my mother, who is my father ? Ponder thus, look at everything as essence-less and give up the world as an idle dream. Stanza attributed to surendra.
त्वयि मयि चान्यत्रैको विष्णु- र्व्यर्थं कुप्यसि मय्यसहिष्णुः । भव समचित्तः सर्वत्र त्वं वाञ्छस्यचिराद्यदि विष्णुत्वम् ॥ २४॥ In me, in you and in everything, none but the same Vishnu dwells. Your anger and impatience is meaningless. If you wish to attain the status of Vishnu, have samabhAva, equanimity, always. Stanza attributed to medhAtithira.
शत्रौ मित्रे पुत्रे बन्धौ मा कुरु यत्नं विग्रहसन्धौ । सर्वस्मिन्नपि पश्यात्मानं सर्वत्रोत्सृज भेदाज्ञानम् ॥ २५॥ Waste not your efforts to win the love of or to fight against friend and foe, children and relatives. See yourself in everyone and give up all feelings of duality completely. Stanza attributed to medhAtithira.
कामं क्रोधं लोभं मोहं त्यक्त्वाऽऽत्मानं भावय कोऽहम् । var पश्यति सोऽहम् आत्मज्ञानविहीना मूढा- स्ते पच्यन्ते नरकनिगूढाः ॥ २६॥ Give up lust, anger, infatuation, and greed. Ponder over your real nature. Fools are they who are blind to the Self. Cast into hell, they suffer there endlessly. Stanza attributed to bhArativamsha.
गेयं गीतानामसहस्रं ध्येयं श्रीपतिरूपमजस्रम् । नेयं सज्जनसङ्गे चित्तं देयं दीनजनाय च वित्तम् ॥ २७॥ Regularly recite from the Gita, meditate on Vishnu in your heart, and chant His thousand glories. Take delight to be with the noble and the holy. Distribute your wealth in charity to the poor and the needy. Stanza attributed to sumatir.
सुखतः क्रियते रामाभोगः पश्चाद्धन्त शरीरे रोगः । यद्यपि लोके मरणं शरणं तदपि न मुञ्चति पापाचरणम् ॥ २८॥ He who yields to lust for pleasure leaves his body a prey to disease. Though death brings an end to everything, man does not give-up the sinful path.
अर्थमनर्थं भावय नित्यं नास्तिततः सुखलेशः सत्यम् । पुत्रादपि धनभाजां भीतिः सर्वत्रैषा विहिता रीतिः २९॥ Wealth is not welfare, truly there is no joy in it. Reflect thus at all times. A rich man fears even his own son. This is the way of wealth everywhere.
प्राणायामं प्रत्याहारं नित्यानित्य विवेकविचारम् । जाप्यसमेतसमाधिविधानं कुर्ववधानं महदवधानम् ॥ ३०॥ Regulate the prANa-s, life forces, remain unaffected by external influences and discriminate between the real and the fleeting. Chant the holy name of God and silence the turbulent mind. Perform these with care, with extreme care.
गुरुचरणाम्बुजनिर्भरभक्तः संसारादचिराद्भव मुक्तः । सेन्द्रियमानसनियमादेवं द्रक्ष्यसि निजहृदयस्थं देवम् ॥ ३१॥ Oh devotee of the lotus feet of the Guru ! May thou be soon free from Samsara. Through disciplined senses and controlled mind, thou shalt come to experience the indwelling Lord of your heart !
मूढः कश्चन वैयाकरणो डुःकृङ्करणाध्ययनधुरीणः । श्रीमच्छङ्करभगवच्छिष्यै- र्बोधित आसीच्छोधितकरणः ॥ ३२॥ Thus a silly grammarian lost in rules cleansed of his narrow vision and shown the Light by Shankara's apostles.
भज गोविन्दं भज गोविन्दं गोविन्दं भज मूढमते । नामस्मरणादन्यमुपायं नहि पश्यामो भवाब्धितरणे ॥ ३३॥ Worship Govinda, worship Govinda, worship Govinda, Oh fool ! Other than chanting the Lord's names, there is no other way to cross the life's ocean. ..........SHIVOHAM.........