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11 FACTS---- 1-The legends, puranas and Hindu epics frequently state that Surya, the sun-God, circumnambulates Mount Meru every day. In late 19th c. when it was believed that Aryans may have had their original home Urheimat in North Europe, it was thought that Mount Meru may actually refer to the north pole. Some beliefs, local to that area of the Himalayas, associate mythical Mount Meru with a mountain called Kailasa near the Lake Manasarovar in Tibet. 2-Mount Meru also called Sumeru (Sanskrit) to which is added the approbatory prefix su-, resulting in the meaning “excellent Meru” or “wonderful Meru” and Mahameru i.e. “Great Meru” is a sacred mountain with five peaks in Hindu, Jain and Buddhist cosmology and is considered to be the center of all the physical, metaphysical and spiritual universes. ... The highest point (the finial bud) on the pyatthat, a Burmese-style multi-tiered roof, represents Mount Meru 3-Adi shankara said that our Puranas explain that North pole is Su Meru and South Pole is Ku Meru and in between there are seven oceans and seven continents. But today we don’t see such a division because it was the position seen millions of years ago. Then he explained how the earth pole is tilted and how the pole star changes during thousands of years. 4-Now look at the words Sumeria, Pamir Mountains, Khmer civilization of Cambodia and Kanyakumari of South India. All these have Meru in their names which mean a Peak, a High place, a Mountain etc.Meru becomes Medu (high land) in Tamil. 5-Kumari in South India is the land’s Southern most point today. But thousands of years ago it was a mountain area which went into the sea.Tamil literature mentioned it in at least two places. There they referred Kumari only as a mountain ( Kumari Kodu in Tamil). It may be Ku+Meru. The people might have migrated to different places and named them after Kumari. We see Comoros islands in Indian Ocean and Khmer in Cambodia. 6-Hindus who migrated to Mesopotamia might have named it Su+Meru. The term occurs for the first time in Taitriya Aranyaka. English people who migrated to Australia, Canada and United states 200 years ago named all the new places after their places of origin. Just to avoid confusion they added ‘NEW’ before the place names (Eg. New South Wales, New England). Tamils who migrated to Northern Sri Lanka named several places after Tamil towns in Tamil Nadu. All the Sri Lankan rivers are given Ganga as a suffix. In the same way Hindus named their new land Su+Meru. 7-The peak of the tallest mountain in East Africa is also called Meru (Kenya). Meroe is also a known place name in Kushite civilization. When we have a bird’s eye view from top we know that all these civilizations were helped by the HindusPameru= Pa+Mir 8-Mir in Arabic and Urdu means high, exalted, honourable which is used as a suffix or prefix in many place names and peoples’ names. Pamir is called the roof of the world. No wonder they called it Meru (Pa+Meru). Pa is a Sanskrit prefix which is used in the book title Pamathy. The nearby mountain in China is called Tien Shan (Deva Achala). It means celestial mountains in Chinese. 9--The Suryasiddhanta mentions that Mt Meru lies in ‘the middle of the Earth’ besides a Sumeru and a Kumeru at both the Poles. in the land of the Jambunad .. Vārāhamihira, in his Panch-siddhāntikā, claims Mt Meru to be at the North Pole (though no mountain exists there as well). There exist several versions of Cosmology in existing Hindu texts. In one of them, cosmologically, the Meru mountain was also described as being surrounded by Mandrachal Mountain to the east, Supasarv Mountain to the west, Kumuda Mountain to the north and Kailash to the south. 10-Mount Meru of Hindu traditions has clearly mythical aspects, being described as 84,000 Yojan high (which is around 1,082,000 km (672,000 mi), or 85 times the Earths’s diameter), and having the Sun along with all its planets in the Solar System revolve around it as one unit. 11-Meru Mountain is divided into three divisions (Chulika apart). These are called Kands: First Kand is called Adhyostankand. Second Kand is called Madhya (Middle) Kand. Third Kand is called Uparitan Kand. The lowest Kand has a height of 1000 yojans, that of Middle Kand is 63,000 yojans and that of top Kand is 36,000yojans. There are four forests on Mountain Meru:------- 11-1-Bhadrasha Van: It is located at the foot hill of the mountain on flat land. It is surrounding the Mountain Meru on all four sides. Its North and south width is 250 yojans and its east-west width is 22,000 yojans. The whole forest is divided into eight sections with four tree-shape mountains, viz. Saumanas, Vidyut, Prabh, Gandhmadan andMalyavan and two rivers, viz. Sita and Sitoda. 11-2-Nandan Van: It is 500 yojans higher than the Bhadrashal Van and 62,500 yojans below the Somansvan. Its area is 500 yojans. In exact the middle of this section is Abhyantar Meru and in a distant of 50 Yojans are eightKut of Dishakumaris. There are eight Palaces of eight Dishakumaris of Urdhva Loks; there is a Kut 500 yojansabove it where a palace of the goddess is situated. Thus, the goddess stays 1000 yojans above the flat earth. 900 yojans of this section belong to Tirchha Lok while the 100 yojans above belong to Urdhva Lok (upper Lok);so the Goddess belongs to this upper Lok. Besides, in Nandanvan, there are four temples (Chaitra) on four sides of it. In other directions are two palaces of Ishanendra. 11-3-Somvan: Somvan is situated 62,500 yojans above of Nandanvan. This is another series of Meru Mountain which is 500 yojans wide. 11-4-Pandagvan: Pandagvan is 3600 yojans above Somvan. It is circularly 494 yojans wide. WHAT IS MOUNT MERU( KAILASH)?------- In the Hindu religious literature Meru has geographical, symbolical, ritual and mythical meanings------- 1-Religious theory We can not ignore the different beliefs of different religions. There is existence of different religions globally and all are prominent in their own, whose different theories are connected to each other very much. If these religions are analyzed with severity and impartiality, it would not be wrong to say that despite differences in ideals and assumptions there is a lot that is keeping them together. 2. Mount Meru--- Mount Meru is a place which you will find mentioned in almost all major religions. Even the associated beliefs are almost identical. In the mythological stories and documents, the mention of Meru Mountains is found in a mountain, which is as brightly colored as gold. 3. Hinduism---- The specialty of Meru Mountain, situated in the lap of the Himalayas, does not end, it is also considered as the place of residence of Brahma. In the documents related to Hindu religion, Meru Mountain has been called a supernatural mountain and it has been called the place of all deities, including Brahma, the creator of the universe. 4-Supernatural location---- According to the mythical Hindu celestial texts, Surya Siddhanta, Meru Mountain is situated on the navel of the earth. Apart from this, it is also mentioned that the Sumuru ie Meru Mountain, the North Pole and the Kumeru Mountain are located on the southern pole. Which means that the shape of the Meru mountain stretches from north to south pole. 5. Paradise on earth---- Mount Meru is given the name of heaven, which has not yet been formed on earth despite its structure on earth. In the mythology, a lot has been said about Meru Mountain, but in the Matsya Purana and Bhagwat Purana its height has been stated as 84 thousand plan which is about 85 times the total diameter of the earth. 6-Kurm puran--- According to the Kurm Purana, in the heart of this mortal region lies the Jambudvipa, in the midst of it is the Golden Meru Mountain. Its height is 84 thousand plan, spreading 16 thousand plan, width upwards of 32 thousand and below width is 16 thousand plan. 7. Four gatekeepers--- We are familiar with the four directions: In Hinduism, different gatekeepers or guardians of these four directions have been told. As the eastern direction is in the hands of Indra Dev, Varun Dev protects the western direction. South direction is protected by the god Yama of self and the gatekeeper of the north direction is Dhankubar. 8. Jainism and Buddhism--- These four gods see the Mount Meru as differently as a parent. Not only in Hindu religion, but also people of Jain and Buddhism give the Mount Meru as Paradise, even in ancient Greek texts Meru is named the Olympus Mountains. 9-Mystery---- In the folk tales prevalent in Java (Indonesia), Meru Mountain has been mentioned as the mythological dwelling of the deities. In ancient manuscripts written in the poet language related to the fifteenth century, the mystery of the origins of Java islands and parts of Meru Mountains were added to the Java island, the secret of this is explained. 10. Java-- According to this ancient manuscript of Java, Batwara Guru (Shiva) ordered Vishnu and Brahma to give birth to humanity on this island, fill the entire island with humans. At that time, the Java island was moving all the time and flowing over the ocean. 11. Mahameru Mountains---- In such circumstances, it was difficult for humans to live there, so to keep the island stable, Brahma and Vishnu decided to take part of the Mahameru Mountain on the Junkyard and connect it with the Java island. As a result of this, Mount Sumeru was founded on the longest mountain in Java. 12. Santa Claus-- The concept of Santa Claus in Christianity is very prevalent, which descends on Earth on Christmas day. Santa Claus's arrival to the Earth is also from the North Pole i.e. Meru or the Olympus Mount. 13. Japanese Story-- In Japanese and Chinese mythology, the position of God is right below the pole star and at the very center of the earth. Mount Meru is also situated in the heart of the earth. 14. Relation of Earth to Heaven--- In Norse mythology, the land of unbelievers is located on the North Pole, where hell, heaven and earth join together. This is the place of Mount Meru. In the Keltic mythology, Paradise is also mentioned as a place where ice is constantly falling for six months of the year. It also shows the polar position. 15. Structure of temples-- It is said that the concept associated with Meru Mountain in Adikal was so strong and strong that the construction of many very ancient temples was similar to the structure of this mountain. The Hindu, Jain and Buddhist temples are powerful examples of this. 16. Brahmaklok- The Meru Mountain has been called not only the place of Brahma but it has also been associated with other mythological characters. Like Meru is the place of Brahmāl, which is the place of Brahma on the top of the mountain, and there are various deities and goddesses on its separate floor. 17. Other characters-- Meru is home to 33 deities at the top of the mountain. Here Indra Dev also lives. On every slope of it, there are four guardians of this mountain, Yama, Kuber, Indra and Varun Dev. 18. The abomination of the asuras Below this, other mythological characters such as Apsara, Gandharva, Yaksh, Nag, Pradha, Vidyavatara live. WHAT IS NORTH POLE?----- There's more to the North Pole than just snow --- since it was discovered by Robert E. Peary, Matthew Henson, and four Eskimo companions back in 1909, the North Pole has been a place of international intrigue — did you know several countries are now fighting over vast underground oil reserves in the Arctic Circle? Here, 10 more facts about the North Pole that may surprise you:-------- 1-There are two North Poles Unlike the South Pole, which lies over the continent of Antarctica, there is no land beneath the North Pole but more of a floating Arctic ice sheet that expands during colder months and shrinks to half its size in the summer. To complicate things even more, there are two different definitions of the North Pole. A-The first is the north magnetic pole, which is, quite literally, a magnetic phenomenon which changes daily depending on changes under the Earth's crust. B-Additionally, there is a north terrestrial pole, which is the fixed point that references the top of the Earth. Regardless of how you define the North Pole, global warming continues to be a problem here — as the polar ice caps melt, the sea levels rise, eliminating the land that polar bears and other wildlife depend on for survival. 2-It's at the center of an international controversy right now Did you know 30 percent of the world's untapped oil reserves are located in the Arctic Circle? The U.S. Geological Survey says that amount could actually be higher, since so much of the region has yet to be explored. Complicating matters is the fact that multiple countries lay claim to the Arctic Circle — Russia, Canada, Norway, Denmark (via Greenland), and the United States (via Alaska). Each country is allowed to explore potential oil reserves within 200 miles of their coastlines.. 3-The North Pole has seasons Just like everywhere else on Earth, the temperature varies here depending on the time of year. The North Pole is warmest in July, if by warm you mean it's actually freezing — 32 degrees. If that gives you the shivers, brace yourself. Temperatures in February drop to a bone-chilling 31 degrees below zero. The amount of light each day depends on the time of year, too. Alaska as well as Norway and the other Arctic Circle countries each face six months of broad daylight and six months of almost total darkness because of the angle at which this top portion of the Earth receives sunlight. 4-There is life up there While the conditions may be considered too tough for most humans, there are native Inuit tribes living in northern Canada and Alaska. The outer reaches of the Arctic Circle are a great place to see polar bears in the wild. Keep an eye out for other Arctic dwellers like Orca, Humpback, and Beluga whales, the arctic fox, and Svalbard reindeer. This isn't the only place to see reindeer in the world; a reindeer herd in the U.K. inhabits the Cairngorm Mountains of northern Scotland. One animal you won't see in the North Pole is the penguin. They live in the South Pole. Several species of flying penguin-like birds called auks, guillemots, and puffins can be seen in the Arctic Circl .5- The North Dip Pole is the spot where the geomagnetic field is perpendicular to the Earth’s surface, “dipping” to meet the big, rotating ellipsoid that is our planet. . The North Dip Pole isn’t stationary. Just in the last century, it has migrated northward from a point in Canada at about 71 degrees latitude to its current position, about 85 degrees north, in the Arctic Ocean. THE KEY POINT--- IN OUR BODY THESE MERUS ARE PRESENT----- 1-HEAD----SU-MERU ------CROWN CHAKRA-----MA TRIPURSUNDARI /MA GAYATRI 2-HEART---MERU--------------HEART CHAKRA----MA PARVATI /MA SARASWATI 3-LOWER PORTION---KUMERU--------ROOT CHAKRA----MA KALI/MA SAVITRI BOTH THE SIDES---- --THERE IS A LACK OF LIFE.........KUMERU GIVES ILLUSION OF LIFE BUT PROVES MIRAGE ------------MEANS DEATH. UNDER THE VEIL OF LIFE ....ON THE OTHER HAND-----IN NORTH POLE OUR POSITION IS THAT OF--- अबिगत गति कछु कहति न आवै। ज्यों गूंगो मीठे फल की रस अन्तर्गत ही भावै॥ परम स्वादु सबहीं जु निरन्तर अमित तोष उपजावै। मन बानी कों अगम अगोचर सो जाने जो पावै॥ रूप रैख गुन जाति जुगति बिनु निरालंब मन चकृत धावै। सब बिधि अगम बिचारहिं तातों सूर सगुन लीला पद गावै॥ .Meaning- The latent worship here is described as complicated for man. Reflection of formless Brahma is inexhaustible. He is not the subject of mind and speech. Just like a dumb needs to be fed sweet and asked for its taste, then it can not tell the taste of sweets. The pleasure of that sweet juice only knows its interaction. Formless Brahma is neither a form nor a virtue. Therefore, the mind can not be stable there, in every way he is impassable. Therefore, Surdas thinks Saguna Brahma, that is, Sri Krishna's singing Leela proper. SO LIFE IS IN HEART CHAKRA------ -DIVINE LOVE-.....SHIVOHAM