WHAT ISTHE MEANING OF GURU PURNIMA & WHAT IS THE BIOGRAPHY OF ADIGURU /JAGATGURU SHANKARACHARYA
I MAKE NAMAN TO GURUDEV ADI SHANKARA & PRAY TO BLESS US... WHAT IS THE MEANING OF GURU PURNIMA?--
05 FACTS;-- 1-Guru Poornima is an Indian festival that is celebrated as per the Hindu Moon Sign calendar to express reverence towards your Guru, your teacher or mentors. It falls on the day of the full moon or Poornima of Ashadh month. Etymologically, the word Guru has been derived from two parts - Gu that means darkness and Ru that is the antidote to the darkness. Naturally, the word Guru implies someone who shows takes us away from the darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge. 2-The festival of Guru Poornima is believed to have been celebrated by Buddhists first, as their Guru - Lord Buddha is said to have delivered his first sermon at Saarnaath on this day. Hindus used to pay homage to Vyaas Muni on the day of Guru Poornima. This is why Guru Poornima is also known as Vyaas Poornima and Gnyaan Poornima, it also being the birthday of Guru Ved Vyaas. 3-Currently, those walking on the spiritual path tend to express their reverence towards Shankarachaarya. In fact, Guru Poornima is not the festival of spiritual masters only. You may also express reverence to your school teacher or any other kind of teacher/ guide/ mentor on this auspicious day. 4-The planet of Jupiter – kind, optimistic, giver of knowledge and wisdom that it is – is also referred to as Guru, and thus, myriad literature also associates Guru Poornima with the worship and offering of reverence to the Lord Jupiter or Guru – the benign planetary teacher! You may also please the Lord Jupiter this Guru Poornima or institute an attuned (Siddha) Guru Yantra on this day. 5-It is also believed that Lord Dattatrey considered some animals and birds as his Guru. So, the enstire idea is to look for positive powers around you, and take them as a blessing, imbibe them whole-heartedly, from anyone who has them. 5-In the contemporary scenario, this festival is celebrated or observed in various ways in schools, institutes of higher learning and creative arts organisations. The creative art forms of dance and music follow this tradition of the Guru-Shishya Parampara very dearly. Students trained under the Hindustani Classical music tradition express their high regards towards their Gurus by giving public performances on this day. In various cities of India, Indian classical music shows are also arranged on this auspicious day. IS THERE ANY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GURU & TEACHER/GUIDE/MENTOR ?-- 1-The place of Guru is very high in the Indian culture and mythology. And, they are filled with the famous legends wherein the pupils have gone to lengths to please or appease their mentors. 2-Guru Poornima is basically the festivals of the 'seekers' – the seekers of the divine wisdom, knowledge, spirituality, peace and greater prudence. 3-AT PRESENT WE CAN RESPECT & APPEASE OUR TEACHER/GUIDE/MENTOR...BECAUSE TO FIND A GURU IS JUST LIKE 'A HARD NUT TO CRACK' ; EXCEPT IT; MIND BORN CREATION WHO DESERVE TO BE A GURU IS NOW INACCESSIBLE(unable to be reached).. FOR EXAMPLE; -I AM A GUIDE BUT NOT A GURU.. ADI SHANKARA IS OUR GURU...
WHAT IS THE BIOGRAPHY OF ADIGURU?.... ADIGURU SHANKARACHARYA AS A GREAT PHILOSOPHER OF INDIA;--
04 FACTS;-- 1-Adi Shankaracharya One of the greatest philosophers of India, founded the Advaita Vedanta, which is one of the sub-schools of Vedanta. He whole-heartedly believed in the concept of the Vedas but at the same time advocated against the rituals and religious practices that were over exaggerated.
2-On a closer introspection of the life history of Sri Shankaracharya, we find that he also started the monastic order known as Dashanami and the Shanmata convention of worship. Adi Shankaracharya biography will give us valuable insight into the life of this great poet and philosopher. 3-Adi Sankaracharya believed in the philosophy of "non-dualism". He believed in the fact that every individual has a divine existence, which can be identified with the Supreme cosmic power. Though bodies are diverse, the soul is one.
4-The moment someone believes that the concept of life is finite; they are discarding an entirely higher and different dimension of life and knowledge. Self-realization is the key to attain Moksha and connect with God. Though he died young, he left an invaluable treasure of spiritual knowledge for future generations. HIS BIRTH;--
02 FACTS; 1-Born in a simple Brahmin family approximately in the 8th century A.D in Kaladi, Kerala, he was named as Shankara and is considered to be the incarnation of Lord Shiva.
2-It is said that Shankaracharya's mother Aryamba had a vision that Lord himself told her that he would incarnate in the form of her first-born child. Right from childhood he showed a penchant towards spiritual knowledge. He could easily recite the Puranas and the Epics and mastered the Vedas during his early years in Gurukul. THIRTEEN IMPORTANT EVENTS OF ADIGURU SHANKARACHARYA;- 1-Sri Shankara & Sanyasa;--
03 FACTS;- 1-Right from childhood, Shankaracharya was interested in Sanyasa and wanted to lead a meaningful life detached from the worldly pleasures ..After completing his education, Shankara wanted to become Sanyasi, but mother did not allow him.
2-One day when Shankara was taking bath in poorna river (Periyar), a crocodile caught hold of his leg. Shankara called out to his mother. Aryamba came and she cried for help.
3-Sri Shankara told his mother that allows me to become sanyasi.She gave permission because she hadn’t any option.Shankara realizes that his life was nearing to an end, but if he became a Sanyasi, he could start a new life as a sanyasi. Thus Sri Shankara took Sanyasa when he was only eight years old. 2-Sri Shankara & Sri Govinda Padan;--
03 FACTS;-- 1-Sri Shankara went in the search of a Guru to be formally initiated as a Sanyasi. At the banks of the river Narmada he found a yogi named Govinda Padan. At that time he was doing meditation in a cave and a lot of people waiting out him receiving advices. One summer season, he found the river gushing forth into floods. Suddenly he encapsulated the river in a pot and released it in the banks of the river. 2-Since Shankaracharya was much learned about the Vedas and the Puranas, Govinda Bhagavatpada agreed to be his Guru for attaining spiritual knowledge. Under his tutelage, Shankaracharya gained expertise in different forms of Yoga that included Hatha, Raja and Jnana yoga. He then received the knowledge of Brahma.
3-He also taught about Advaita, the principle that everyone in this world is the manifestation of God and that God and Atman are one and the same. He advises Sri Shankara to go out in the world and spread this truth throughout the country. Thereafter he was known as Adi Shankaracharya whose sole purpose of life was to spread the teachings of Brahma Sutras all over the world. 3-Sri Shankara & 1-Kanaka Dhara Stotram;---
02 FACTS;-- During his education Shankara happened to go to the house of a very poor lady for alms for his guru. But she had nothing to given to Shankara. She gave the only Amla fruit to Shankara because she could not send a Brahmachari empty handed.
2-Shankar was moved by her selflessness and prayed to Goddess Lakshmi in a sloka.After completion of this stotram, Goddess Lakshmi appeared and showered gold coins on that poor lady's house. That stotram then known to be the Kanaka Dhara Stotram 4-Sri Shankara & Vyasa Rishi;---
03 FACTS;-- 1-When Shri Shankara was 16, a very old Brahmin of ill health started arguments with him about Brahmasutra bashyam which Shri Shankara had written. Shri Shankara was astounded by his intelligence and arguments but they continued their discussion.
2-The arguments continued for days together and the more Shri Shankara argued, his ideas crystallised more and more and he understood that the old man was none other than Vyasa Rishi, who was the creator of Brahmasutra.
3-Sri Shankara said that he has done a great disrespect to the sage by entering into an argument. Vyasa Rishi said "I fully agree with your bashyam and I wanted to establish that yours is correct. I bless that you should live another 16 years and you should spread this Advaita throughout the country." 5-Sri Shankara & 1-Mandala Mishra;---
Sri Shankara learnt that there was a great learned person by the name Mandana Mishra who lived in Mahishmati and who followed the Karma Mimaamsa method of devotion. Sri Shankara arrived at his house and found his house was closed and Mandana Mishra was carrying out some rituals inside his house.
2-Sri Shankara entered the house by using his powers and entered the house. Mandana Mishra became very angry and shouted at Sri Shankara.
3-But Sri Shankara smiled and explained the uselessness of such rituals. However, Mandana Mishra admired the intelligence of Sri Shankara and started discussions with him after completing the rituals. Sri Shankara said that there should be a judge to decide the winner and suggested that Sarasawani, the wife of Mandana Mishra, to be the judge.
4- Sarasawani, who was extremely intelligent and learned, realised that Sri Sankara was none other than Lord Shiva, did not want to declare her husband as the loser. She suggested that both of them should wear a garland of flowers and whichever garland fades first, that person would be the loser. Naturally, Sri Sankara won. 6-Mandala Mishra is now a disciple;--
02 FACTS;-- 1-As per the original condition, Mandana Mishra became an ascetic and started to leave the house. Unable to bear the separation, Sarasawani stood transfixed and told Sri Sankara that according to our faith, the husband and wife, even though have two bodies, are spiritually one and she would be incomplete without her husband. 2-Sri Shankara accepted this and started discussion with this lady. Saraswani showered questions like rain and Sri Shankara gave very beautiful answers and Sarasawani acknowledged him, and followed Sri Shankara and her husband's footsteps. 7- Sri Shankara in Sringeri;-
02 FACTS;-- 1-In their travels, they reached Sringeri in Karnataka, which is on the banks of Tungabadra. While Sri Shankara and Mandana Mishra were walking, Sarasawani did not move and stood fixed in the sands of Tungabadra. Sri Shankara turned back and realised by his divine powers that Sarasawani did not want to proceed any further and created a seat for her for spreading the Advaita.
2-This seat is today called the Sharada Peetham or the Seat of Sharada. This was the first Mutt installed by Sri Shankara, with the direction that all the heads of the Mutts will be called Shankaracharayas and they will have a lineage of Shishyas or disciples. 8-Sri Shankara & His mother;--
02 FACTS;-- 1-When Sri Shankara was in Sringeri, he divined by his superior powers that his mother was in her deathbed, and as per his promise while taking Sanyas that he would be by her side while she breathes her last, he reached Kaladi and paid his last respects to the old lady. Aryambal was happy that her son had come back.
2-Sri Shankara prayed to Lord Venkateswara who appeared in person and blessed Aryambal. Sri Shankara did the last rites for his mother but the people of Kaladi said that a Sanyasi does not have the right to do the last rites, but he did not hear that and carried the body of Aryambal and put her in the pyre himself and lit it himself. 9- As a Guru & miracles;---
04 FACTS;-- 1-After the death of his mother, he went all over the country and converted the people of other faith to Advaita. He revived a number of temples and using his powers, he established a number of Yantras in these temples to spread the blessings of Parasakthi. During his travels, he arrived at Mukambi, a religious place in Karnataka.
2-A poor brahmin came to Sri Shankara with his deaf and dumb son and prostrated before Sri Shankara. Sri Shankara asked the boy, "who are you?". The dumb and deaf child, for the first time, opened his mouth and explained, "The body is not me, it is the Paramatma who is my body." Sri Shankara was pleased with his answer and he gave an amla fruit and named this boy as Hastaaamalakan. (Hastaa means hand and Amalakan means amala). Hastaamalaka became one of the principle disciples of Sri Shankara. 3-Thotaka ashtakam Sri Shankara, with his three principle disciples, namely, Padmapadar, Sureshwarar (Mandana Mishra) and Hastaamalaka, went from place to place, and preached Advaita. Sri Shankara gave intense training to his disciples. One of the other disciples, Giri, while listening to the discourses, would not ask any doubts, would not open his mouth, and would be silent all the time. Some of the other disciples thought that this Giri was a dumb idiot and did not know anything.
4-One day, all the disciples were ready to listen to Sri Shankara's discourses. Sri Shankara waited for Giri to arrive. Ultimately, Giri turned up but instead of keeping silent on that day, burst forth into eight slokas which had never been heard by the disciples earlier. These were the creation of Giri. On hearing this, all the disciples felt ashamed and praised Giri. These slokas are called "Thotaka ashtakam". Giri was named as Thotakar by Sri Shankara. 10-Sri Shankara & Thiruvaimarudur;---
03 FACTS;-- 1-Sri Shankara visited Thiruvidaimarudur in Tanjore district of Tamilnadu, which is a great religious place, and the ruling deity in the temple was Lord Shiva. The learned Saivites of the temple informed Sri Shankara that Lord Shiva is the creator and that they are all merely lowly life created by Lord Shiva, and if that was so, how does Sri Shankara say that they were one with the Lord ? 2-They did not agree with the Advaita principle. Sri Shankara asked them to enter the temple. As they reached the Sanctum Santorum (highly secret plac )of the temple, their was a thunderous statement "Satyam is Advaita". This was repeated thrice and it was also followed by a hand which came out of the Linga which conformed the truth.
3-All the learned persons acknowledged the principle of Advaita and accepted Sri Shankara as their Guru. Even today, there is a Shankara Mutt at Thiruvaimarudur and there is a linga with a hand materialising out of it. 11-Sri Shankara in Thiruvanaikar; ---
03 FACTS;-- 1-Sri Shankara visited Thiruvanaikar, near Trichy in Tamilnadu. In this temple, the Goddess Akhilandeswari was having a feirce power and people who went to have her darshan could not stand the fierceness of this Goddess.
2-Sri Shankara created two sets of earrings which are called Tatankam and he presented these to the Goddess. The fierceness of the deity reduced. This tatankam, the earrings, has been maintained over time by the Acharyas of the Kanchi Mutt. 3-Sri Shankara visited Tirupathi and recited the Sloka "Vishnu pathathi keshanta stotra" which describes the Lord from his foot to the head. He wanted the people to visit the Lord in great numbers and get his blessings, he established an yantra. From that day the number of followers of the temple increased and is increasing day by day. 12-Sri Shankara in Srisaila;--
04 FACTS;-- 1-Arjuna tree is the tree of "Marutha" and the place where Lord Shiva appears as a Linga under this "Martha" tree is called Arjuna Kshetra. The Thiruvadaimaruthur which Sri Shankara visited earlier is called Madhyaarjunam. Srisaila, in Andhra, is called Mallikarjunam as Lord Shiva resides under a Marutha Tree which has also got Jasmine creepers on this tree.
2-Sri Shankara visited this tree and became ecstastic on seeing the linga at the foot of this tree. His happiness flowed like the waves of a flood and became a sloka called Shivanandalahiri. 3-Near Srisailam, there is a forest called Hatakeshwaram, that no man enters. Sri Shankara entered this place and did penance for many days. During this time, a Kabalika, by name Kirakashan appeared before him. Kapalikas are a set of people who live in the burial grounds and pray to God by giving human and animal sacrifice.
4-They were against Advaita which preaches love and affection and shuns violence. He asked Sri Shankara that he should give his body as a human sacrifice to Lord Shiva.
Then Lord Narasimha appeared in the form of a lion and killed Kirakashan. 13-Sri Shankara in Badrinath;----- Sri Shankara completed his travels and went to Badrinath. Lord Vishnu appeared before him and told that his sculpture in Alaknanda river should be taken out and a temple should be built for it. This temple is called Badrinarayan temple and is one of the important religious places for Hindus.....SHIVOHAM...