WHAT IS TYAGYA( Renunciation) IN HINDUISM?
DOES RENUNCIATION BRING ABOUT MOKSHA?------ Shun (reject) the earthly objects as fire or poison or offal (waste material ).. Renounce all desires and cravings. This itself is Moksha (freedom). Renunciation of desires brings about the annihilation of the mind. Annihilation of the mind brings on the destruction of Maya, because the mind alone is Maya. Maya is enthroned in the imagination of the mind. How cunning she is! A Viveki knows her tricks well. She is awfully afraid of the man of renunciation and Atmavichara.
WHAT IS TRUE RENUNCIATION( Sannyasa ) ?-----The mind is the all-in-all and its mastery leads to the renunciation of all. Chitta-Tyaga alone constitutes the renunciation of all. True renunciation lies in the abnegation (self-denial ) of the mind. IT CONSISTS IN RENOUNCING ALL DESIRES & EGOISM & NOT WORLD EXISTENCE...Through such a mental abnegation, you will be able to free yourself from all pain. Then will come immortality in life or enjoyment of the infinite delight of existence free from ego, founded on oneness of all in Brahman.
IS RENUNCIATION A MENTAL STATE ?-----
1-Sannyasa is a mental state only. It is Gerua or colouring of the heart and not of cloth alone. He is a veritable Sannyasin who is free from passions and egoism and who possesses all the Sattvic qualities, even though he lives with the family in the world.
2-King Janak was a -Yogi-Sannyasini, though he was ruling a kingdom. That Sannyasin who lives in the forest, but who is full of passions is worse than a householder and a worldly-minded fool.
3-True renunciation is the renunciation of all passions, desires, egoism and Vasana. If you have a stainless mind, a mind free from attachment, egoism and passion, you are a Sannyasin-no matter whether you live in a forest or in the bustle of a city, whether you wear white cloth or an orange-coloured robe, whether you shave the head or keep a long tuft of hair.
4-Shave the mind. Someone asked Guru Nanak, "O saint, why have you not shaved your head? You are a Sannyasin." Guru Nanak replied, "My dear friend, I have shaved my mind." In fact, the mind should be cleanly shaved. Shaving the mind consists in getting rid of all sorts of attachments, passions, egoism, Moha (infatuation), lust, greed, anger, etc. This is the real shaving. External shaving of the head has no meaning so long as there is internal craving, Trishna.
ACCORDIND TO BHAGAVAD GITA---The Bhagavad Gita expounds on renunciation (sanyasa) as a state of mind which liberates an individual from the cycle of birth and one which is attained through self-control and a steady practice. Renunciation is held to be an act of giving up or relinquishing when one no longer maintains a sense of possession towards people, objects or places.An unattached intellect that can transcend desire is the perfect base to nurture renunciation. Attachment is a deadly virus. It is manifestd as a desire for objects and a sense of ego (I and Mine) and is characteristic of the lower nature in us which has to be conquered. Renunciation implies a progressive growth towards a higher level of attainment when the lower ones (ignorance, love of worldly possessions, inertia (inactivity,, etc,) are automatically left behind.The barrier of desire is the greatest challenge to man and once transcended leads to renunciation.
WHAT IS RENUNCIATION?----We should not crave sense-enjoyments because our body is maintained by nature and providence. All material phenomena are ever-changing. So, it does not make sense to attach oneself to anything. We should be contented with what we have and not hanker after what we do not have. Only God is eternal. We should enjoy both fleeting pleasures and the Eternal self with equanimity.
HOW TO OVERCOME NEGATIVE THOUGHTS ?------Re-birth is caused by attachment, lust and desire. All of us have a sense of ‘mine’ and ‘i’. We are attracted by pleasure and repulsed by pain. We should aim to overcome attachment and hatred. Desires should be rooted out from our heart. We should rest peacefully in our immortal self and overcome duality, which breeds negative thoughts such as desire, remorse, worry, grief, fear, hatred and attachment.The Path of Renunciation,--has a negative ring to our ears (e.g., ascetic), but is not meant to do so. An athlete in training employs discipline toward a greater good. Hence, "renunciation" can be thought of as "hope" instead of "disillusionment" since the name "renunciation" is used in reference to what has gone before, i.e., the path of desire.WHAT IS DESIRE?We constantly seek pleasure through listening, seeing, grasping and doing. For ages, we have been seeking such pleasures. Yet, have we gained ever-lasting happiness? No! We have been rewarded with zero for all our strenuous efforts. That is why Krishna advises us to renounce desire.
HOW TO RENOUNCE THE EGO ?We need to renounce longing and attachment along with desire. But, even after renouncing all these, there still remains the ego. There are two kinds of ego: one is natural and the other is produced by ignorance. The natural ego protects and preserves the body by taking care of its basic physical and psychological needs. Therefore, it is not all that painful. The ignorance-bred ego takes pride in material possessions such as house, money, land, etc. Therefore, it needs to be renounced for the mind to find true peace.
TRUE RENUNCIATION---In order to renounce completely we should give up liking and disliking conditions. Favourable conditions lead to attachment, and unfavourable conditions cause hatred. True renunciation is the absence of both attachment and hatred. Renunciation of all desires helps us gain liberty. By renouncing vanity, our mind is freed from prejudice. It becomes peaceful and calm. The reasons for rebirth are the sense of ego, longing and desire. When we renounce all these vices, we become liberated.
THE KEY POINT----
1-Many have not understood what true renunciation is. Renunciation of physical objects is no renunciation at all. The real Tyaga (renunciation) consists in the renunciation of egoism (Ahankara). If you can renounce this Ahankara, you have renounced everything else in the world. If the subtle Ahankara is given up, Dehadhyasa (identification with the body) automatically goes away.
2-Vedanta does not want you to renounce the world. It wants you to change your mental attitude and give up this false, illusory 'I'-ness (Ahamta) and mineness (Mamata).
3-We must renounce the Tyagabhimana also. The Tyagabhimana is very deep-rooted. You must renounce the idea, "I have renounced everything." "I am a great Tyagi"-this Abhimana of the Sadhus is a greater evil than the Abhimana of householders, (I am a landlord; I am a Brahmin, etc.).
4-The snake-charmer removes only the two poisonous fangs of the cobra. The snake remains the same. It hisses, raises its hood and shows the teeth. In fact, it does everything as before. The snake-charmer has changed his mental attitude towards the snake. He has a feeling now that it has got no poisonous fangs. Even so, you must remove the two poisonous fangs of the mind, viz., Ahamta and Mamata only. Then you can allow the mind to go wherever it likes. Then you will have always Samadhi only..................SHIVOHAM