WHAT IS JIVANAMUKTI -PART 02
Jivanamukti i.e. freedom from the vicious cycle of birth and rebirth, is a concept in Hindu philosophy, particularly in the school of philosophy known as Advaita. The ultimate goal of Hinduism is liberation from the cycles of rebirth. This liberation is technically called moksha. Jivanmukta is derived from the word, Jivanmukti, a combination of Sanskrit words jiva and mukti .1-MEANING OF JEEVANMUKT--- Jīvanmukta is a Sanskrit word that means “one who is already liberated (mukta) even while living in the world (jīvan),” and jīvanmukti is the noun form meaning “liberation while still living in the world.” In other words, jīvanmukti denotes a state of liberation that can be enjoyed even before the demise of the body, which is indeed a bold and innovative concept that at least some schools of Indian philosophy discuss in their texts. . 2-ACCORDING TO ADI SHANKARA----- Shankara explains that nothing can induce one to act who has no desire of his own to satisfy. The supreme limit of vairagya ("detachment"), is the non-springing of vasanas in respect of enjoyable objects; the non-springing of the sense of the “I” ; is the extreme limit of bodha ("awakening"), and the non-springing again of the modifications which have ceased is the extreme limit of Uparati ("abstinence"). 2-1-The Jivanmukta, by reason of his ever being Brahman, is freed from awareness of external objects and no longer aware of any difference between the inner atman and Brahman and between Brahman and the world, ever experiencing infinite consciousness, to him the world is as a thing forgotten.
2-3-Translated from Sanskrit, the term jivan mukti, a philosophical concept in Hinduism, is this idea of “fully living here and now in a state of self-realization and liberation” ~ Svetasvatara Upanishad – "there is no sansara as before for one who has known Brahman". 2-4-In the Advaita school of Shankara however, humans are already liberated and the soul is already free. One only has to realize (and accept) this freedom. Liberation, or moksha, releases us from the suffering of reincarnation. Moksha is seen as a final release from the illusion of self. Then, takes place a loosening of the shackle of experiential duality, and the realization of one’s own fundamental nature: sat (true being), and chid (pure consciousness). 2-5-Liberation can also be understood as detachment from material existence. Quite simply, you are attached------if there is too much importance to things, appearances and titles --in your life. In fact, we define ourselves by our job, the car we drive, the clothes we wear and the things we own. The question is, if these external things were absent, who would you be?----- you have to realize it .. 3--TYPES OF MUKTI----- Historically, there are three forms of mukti: 1-The Vedic form, 2-The yogic form 3-Bhakti form. 3-1-In the Vedic times, it was believed that mukti could be achieved through rituals. Later, the yogic form replaced these with a focus on creating self-knowledge, personal development and meditation. These yogic principles were and are still accepted in many schools of Hinduism. In the bhakti form of mukti, the rituals and self-knowledge were replaced with constant devotion and love of God, leading to a perfect union with the Divine.
3-2-Today, mukti is the key goal on the path of yoga, where it represents liberation and awakening during this lifetime. The Eight Limbs of Yoga outlined by Patanjali in his Yoga Sutras can be interpreted as the steps on the path to attaining mukti.
3-3-Besides this idea of videh (incorporeal) mukti, AS KING JANAK ; references to the concept of jivanmukii arc also found in the ancient scriptural literature of India. But jivanmukta receive a greater emphasis.. 4--JIVANMUKT IN SIKHISM 0 9 FACTS----- 1-The jivan-mukta of Sikh conception is the realized soul, identified as gurmukh (one whose face is turned towards God). He leads the life of a common householder enriched by the experience of spiritual harmony within. " 2-jeevan mukti is about liberation in life, ---- the desire to liberate ----in order to go into the light and not returning to earth. If there is love in the heart then you can stay on the Earth.. Your contribution will be -----only to show your Oneness with God .. .3-JIVAN-MUKTA in Sikhism the ideal and aim or objective of man’s spiritual life. The term is derived from jivan-mukti (jivan=life; mukti=release, liberation, emancipation freedom from bondage), and means one who has attained liberation from human bondage or one who has attained to the highest spiritual state of being in tune with the Ultimate while still living. 4--The Gurus, however, hold haumai (the individuating sense of ego or Iness) as the cause of ignorance, craving and bondage, as also of suffering. If liberation is sought, it is not from life or body but from the shackles of ego. Guru Nanak`s definition of jivanmukta, therefore, is in terms of the negation of egoism: He alone is liberated while still living Who is cleansed of the ego inside. The stale of egolessness is the state of perfect detachment, not of renunciation, nor of self mortification. 5--"He surrenders himself completely to the Will of God; joy and sorrow are the same to him; he experiences bliss always and viyog (separation) never". Instead of the differentiating ego, the all encompassing Divine Spirit resides in him. Existentially he belongs to the world, essentially he transcends the world. The paradoxical 6--A variant of the term jivan-mukti in gurbani is dying-in-life (jivat marna). The paradoxical expression of dying while alive is employed by the Gurus in order to stress the importance of abandoning one type of life and the adoption of another. It is dying to the life of haumai, of ‘five evils', and entering into a life of contemplation, altruism and love of God. 7--The person attaining to the state of jivat-marna, in this sense, is the one qualified for the designation of jivan-mukta. He or she is the one who has realized the essence of human life, the essential life, concealed under the sheaths of egoism, of ignorance, passion, avarice, pride and infatuation. 8-The ideal state of jivan-mukta is, notionally, within the reach of every human being, since anyone following an ethical and spiritual course faithfully, may receive the nadar (God's grace or blessing). Yet, as the Gurus point out, rare are the individuals who actually arrive at the summit. 9-The blessed few, fulfilled by the experience of Supreme realization, set out to serve their companions. They strive for the total well-being of fellow men, in all spheres of existence. However, the success of a jivan-mukta in heralding an order of enlightened individuals or the Kingdom of God on earth, is not to be measured in terms of the number of "converts" to his way of life, but in terms of the model of humane, and enlightened living he presents for emulation.(to follow)..------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------WHO IS JIVANMUKT-------------------------- Jeevanmukta become liberated or dead while incarnated or living in this world. But the question is: Liberation or death from what? Also, how can one be living as well as dead the same time? Liberation (Mukti) can simply be defined as freedom from the material consciousness (Mayaic Budhi...), resulting in dissolving of the instinctive or Mayaic mind or false ego — death from Maya, or death from fear of dying, etc. That is to say, to attain a blessed state of the Jeevanmukta is to overcome mental delusion and recover one's Divine Identity as Pure Consciousness (Mool, Joti-Svaroopa). Hence to attain perfect liberation while living, or Realization of the Mool within needs to be brought through into every aspect of life and every atom of the body via Undesratnding the real meanings and than applying that Understanding to daily life. An ordinary mortal or a conditioned Jeeva ( the Manmukh) is continuously stirred up by Mayaic intellect while witnessing his day-to-day life. But a Jeevanmukta observes the play of the life through the prism of the Pure Consciousness — without any desires, emotional attachment, restlessness, prejudices and agitations of the mind. This Unconditioned Consciousness (Joti-Svaroopa) is our True Nature, which can be linked to by fully roasting the seed of ignorance in the fire of the Divine Knowledge (Aatam-Giaan, Spiritual Wisdom), .. WHAT IS THE MEANING OF KNOWLEDGE & IGNORANCE ? A: Yoga Darshan explains this concept in most beautiful manner..It defines 4 concepts to be Avidya or Ignorance:---- 1-- To consider temporary to be permanent and vice verse. For example, to consider that this body and manifest world will remain forever, and disregard the soul and Ishwar which are permanent. Most of us act accordingly and hence are entrenched in Avidya. 2-- To consider impure as pure and vice verse. For example, to consider that this body full of blood, excretion, urine etc to be pure and have lust towards physical body, sensuality and glamor, and disregard traits like truth, morality, Brahmacharya, self-control, compassion as impure. 3-- To consider sorrow as happiness and vice versa. For example, to conduct one as per dirty vices like lust, anger, greed, delusion, crush, grief, regret, jealousy, hatred, laziness, arrogance etc in false hope that they will provide happiness. And rejecting self-control, compassion, peace, diligence, sincerity, simplicity etc as source of sorrow. 4- To consider inert as conscious as vice verse. For example, to consider that this body and mind are living. And disregard soul and Ishwar who are conscious entities. THE OPPOSITE OF AVIDYA IS VIDYA OR KNOWLEDGE When this Vidya or Knowledge is clearly established, there remains no more any purpose of being bonded in cycle of death and birth. The soul then gets free and obtains Mukti or eternal bliss.----CONTD. ...........SHIVOHAM..........