WHAT IS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF 24 TATTAVS(ACCORDING TO SANKHYA DARSHAN )? SEVEN BODIES-04
24 TATTAVS OF SANKHYA DARSHAN;-
The Sankhya Darshan discusses 25 tattvas.These 24 elements are as follows:--
1-FIVE GROSS ELEMENTS
2-FIVE SUBTLE ELEMENTS
4-TEN INDRIYAS ( FIVE KARMENDRIYAS &FIVE GNANENDRIYAS )
5-ANTAHKARAN( THREE )
DESCRIPTION OF 24 ELEMENTS;---- 1. DESCRIPTION OF FIVE GROSS ELEMENTS (called Panch-bhuts):--
02 P0INTS;- 1-Pruthvi, Jal, Tej, Vayu, and Akash. They are explained and translated in English as Earth, Water, Fire or Light, Air or Gas, and Space or Sky, respectively. But this translation is misleading. Rather, they should be translated as they are. 2-Five Bhuts (pronounced as Bhoots) are five basic structural elements. They are derived from Tāmas Ahamkār – one of the three types of Ahamkārs. The three Ahamkars, namely, Sātvik Ahamkār, Rājas Ahamkār, and Tāmas Ahamkār are created from Mahattattva which is in turn created from Pradhan-Prakruti.
2. DESCRIPTION OF FIVE SUBTLE ELEMENTS (called FIVE TANMATRAS/ Panch–Vishays,):--
1-Five subtle or microscopic elements are physical elements at the subatomic level, for example, tanmatras, and physiological elements at the bimolecular level, for example, prans. 2-Five subtle physical elements are:
3-Each subtle element is a part or meter (mātrā) of each gross element.
For example, sound (Shabda) is part (matra) of Ākāsh/Vyom and its main receiving organ is ear,
4-Touch (Sparsh) is part (matra) of Vayu/Marut/air and its main receiving organ is skin,
5--Sight/light (Roop) is part (matra) of Tej/light and its main receiving organ is eye,
6-Taste (Ras) is part (matra) of Aapa/Jal/water/liquid and its main receiving organ is tongue,
7- Smell (Gandh) is part (matra) of Kshiti/Pruthvi/solid and its main receiving organ is nose.
8-Similarly, each vishay is carried by each tanmātrā. Thus, tanmatras are akin to carrier particles of science.
NOTE;---Five Tanmātrās are five basic carrier elements of vishays to their respective senses. Just as panch-bhuts, panch-tanmatras are also derived from Tāmas Ahamkar, but Prāns are derived from Rājas Ahamkar. 3- DESCRIPTION OF FIVE ( TEN) PRANS;-
A-CATEGORY OF PRANS;-
03 P0INTS;- These pancha pranas are categorized as:
3-1-Though they function in unison together, each governing a specific area of the body. They can be thought of as elemental forces that are not just the physical, but govern emotional qualities and mental energies, fundamental to physical, mental and emotional well- being.
3-2-Along with five prāns, five upa-prāns are also described in Hinduism Five upa-prans are:
B-THE THE SEAT OF PRANS?-
1- PRAN VAYU;-The “seat” of the prana vayu is the heart, and this vayu ensures that the heart goes on beating. It is associated with the element of air.
2-APAN VAYU seat of the apana vayu is in the core of the pelvis, and it governs from the navel to the peranium, corresponding to the area in which we practice Mula bandha. As with Prana vayu can have both a downward movement in the body as well as an upward movement* within it's primaryregion.
3-SAMANA VAYU is literally “the balancing air” Moves primarily in the region between the navel and the heart (solar plexus), and its seat is said to be in the navel. It is the controlling power of the metabolism or “digestive fire” and the functioning of the digestive organs and glands. It also governs the assimilation of oxygen from the air we breathe. It is also the vayu that unifies the two opposite forces of prana vayu and apana. It corresponds to the area in which we practice Uddiyana bandha.
4-UDANA VAYU rules the region of the throat and head,and is seated specifically in the throat. It also rules muscle function and strength in the extremities as well as the sensory function of the eyes, ears and nose.When udana is unbalanced, speech is disjointed and one cannot speak or articulate ideas properly.
5-Vyana vayu itself has no specific seat, it is associated with the energy of the Svadisthana chakra but rather coordinates all the powers such as sensory awareness, and runs through the whole network of the 72,000 nadis or passageways of prana in the body, connecting the functions of the nerves, veins, muscles and joints and circulates nutrients and energy. 4-DESCRIPTION OF TEN INDRIYAS
Five motor or executive organ systems (called Karmendriyas – (Karma-Indriyas):----
A-Speech organ >Vāk, Vāni, or Mukh
B-Hands or working organs >Pani or Hasta
C-Legs or locomotors organ >Pad
D-Excretory organ (Payu)
E-Reproductory organ (Upastha) B-FIVE GNANENDRIYAS;-
Five sensory organ systems (called Gnanendriyas >(Gnan Indriyas):
A-Organ for sound >Ear > Karna-Indriya,
B-Organ for touch >Skin >Tvak or Sparsh-Indriya
C-Organ for seeing >Eyes >Chakshu-Indriya
D-Organ for taste >Tongue >Jihva or Swad-Indriya,
E-Organ for smell >Nose >Nasika or Ghran-Indriya NOTE;-Ten Indriyas >five types of motor organs and five types of sensory organs are derived from Rajas Ahamkar. 5-DESCRIPTION OF ANTAHKARAN;---
1-Four intellectual systems or functional operating units (collectively called Antahkaran – antah + karana: inner operative or executive instruments): They are:---
A-MANA (Mind) & BUDDHI(Intelligent)
2-CHID is equivalent to Mahattattva of the universe. Just as Mahattattva is primordial form of universe, CHID is primordial form of body. CHID is first to appear or develop in the body.
3-Ahamkar is derived from Chitt. Ahamkar is of three kinds: Satvik, Rajasik, and Tamasik. Mana is derived from Satvik Ahamkar. Buddhi is derived from Rajas Ahamkar.
WHAT IS MAHATTATTVA ?--
03 FACTS;- 1-Five bhuts, five tanmatras, ten prans (five prans and five upa-prans), ten indriyas, four antahkarans, and fourteen presiding deities (devatās) of indriyas (namely, Dis, Vāta, Surya, Varun, Ashvins are for gnanendriyas; Vahni, Indra, Upendra, Mrityu, and Prajapati are for karmendriyas; and Chandra, Prajapati, Rudra, Kshetragna are for antahkarans) are all derived from three Ahamkars which in turn are derived from Mahattattva.
2-Thus, Mahattattva is the primordial form of universe. It is like the matter in the fireball from which the whole Brahmānd (Universe) is evolved. This could be the reason why Vedas and Upanishads describe Mahattattva as Hiranyagarbha or the Golden Embryo. 3-All of the above physical elements that constitute body and universe, according to Hinduism, are part of Maya – one of the five fundamental eternal philosophical elements. The soul or jiv itself makes an ontologically quite distinct fundamental eternal philosophical element. According to Hinduism, all of the above physical elements are considered incapable of doing anything without soul or jiv. And soul or jiv is considered incapable of doing anything without God. God resides in the soul.
WHAT ARE THE FIVE ELEMENTS IN CHINESE?-
1-Also known as the Five Elements, Five Phases, the Five Agents, the Five Movements, Five Processes, the Five Steps/Stages and the Five Planets of significant gravity:-
2-The five types of chi dominating at different times". It is a fivefold conceptual scheme that many traditional Chinese fields used to explain a wide array of phenomena, from cosmic cycles to the interaction between internal organs, and from the succession of political regimes to the properties of medicinal drugs.
3-The "Five Phases" are;-
3-This order of presentation is known as the "mutual generation" sequence. In the order of "mutual overcoming" , they are Wood, Earth, Water, Fire, and Metal.
4-The doctrine of five phases describes two cycles of balance, a generating or creation ( shēng) cycle and an overcoming or destruction
( kè) .
5-Cycle of interactions between the phases.
1-Wood feeds fire;
2-Fire creates earth (ash);
3-Earth bears metal;
4-Metal collects water;
5-Water nourishes wood.
1-Wood parts earth;
2-Earth absorbs water;
3-Water quenches fire
4-Fire melts metal;
5-Metal chops wood
There are also two cycles of imbalance, an overacting cycle (cheng) and an insulting cycle (wu)