WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF MUKTI,MOKSHA & KAIWALYA ?
The words Mukti and Moksha are head very frequently in the discourses of Hindu preachers.The words 'deliverence' and 'salvation' are used in other religiions, perhaps with the same meaning. What is the difference between Moksha and Mukthi------- MUKTI----Mukti means FREE FROM ALL DESIRES(illusion of MAYA) MOKSHA--Implies the complete liberation of the soul from misery. LIberation from misery can occur while in a body (called jivanmukti) or after death (videha mukti). (see coming post) Some people believe this to be final release from the birth and death cycle.Since re-incarnation and re-births are not attested by the modern scientific thoughts, the question of getting permanent relief from the birth-death cycle doesn't arise and no one should be bothered about that. The deliverence and salvation,as interpreted by some thinkers, may be taken as to mean mental detachment from the dualism of the Universal processes.A permanent detachment from such a thinking may mean getting deliverence or attaining salvation.This is the realm of thinking whereby one mentally detaches oneself from the dualistic and mortal word to monoistic immortal reality.
Thus one can mentally attain Mukti or Moksha even while one is alive.THIS WOULD BE JUST AN STATE OF MIND.it should have nothing to do with life or death, or re-incarnation and re-birth. MUKTI IN HINDU MYTHOLOGY-------- All types of Yoga or spiritual practices in general aim at liberation or mukti. Liberation is said to be of five types viz. salokya mukti, samipya mukti, sarupaya mukti, sayujya mukti and sarshti mukti... As per Hindu mythology various god heads have their own worlds that is ruled by them. For example, world associated with Lord Shiva is Shivaloka and that of Lord Vishnu is Vishnuloka. These worlds are considered devoid of pain and sorrow. When a spiritual practitioner due to merit of his sadhana becomes fit to live the loka or world of a particular deity he is said to have attained..... SALOKYA MUKTI....... If a practitioner because of its great devotion and sadhana is chosen to live close to his worshipped deity say as his favorite servant or assistant then he is said to have attained ...........SAMIPYA MUKTI......... For example, Lord Shiva has many ganas but only few of them such as Nandi, Veerabhadra, Bhringi and Shringi are always close to him assisting him in his tasks. A further advanced form of liberation is......... SARUPYA MUKTI.........in which a devotee becomes same as his worshipped god head in appearance. He, however, is still has a separate existence. For example, certain Shiva ganas have clothing, trident and moon just like Lord Shiva. They radiate with the same brilliance as that of the Lord but still they are not the Lord themselves. In the above three types of liberation though a practitioner is freed from pain, sorrow and sufferings he still has a separate existence. In ........SAYUJYA MUKTI ........ however, a devotee becomes one with the Lord. He merges with his worshipped deity.To attain sayujya-mukti (merging) is called ekatva. This sayujya-mukti is of two kinds: 01-Brahma-sayujya 02- Isvara-sayujya. The cultivation of brahma-jnana or impersonal knowledge leads one to brahma-sayujya. Also by following the method prescribed in the spiritual scriptures one attains brahma-sayujya. By properly observing the Patanjali yoga system, one attains the liberation known as isvara-sayujya or merging into the Lord’s form. To obtain opulence equal to that of Bhagavan is called .............SARSHTI MUKTI............ For devotees both types of sayujya-mukti are worthy of rejection. The five types of liberation viz. Salokya, Samipya, Sarupya and Sayujya are attained only after the death of the devotee. That means in order to liberate he needs to shed his body. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- According to Srimad-Bhagavatam ---- Sri Kapiladeva said, “O My dear Mother! Despite being offered the five types of liberation known as salokya, sarshti, sarupya, samipya and ekatva, My pure devotees don’t accept them. They only accept My transcendental loving service.”(THAT IS PREMA BHAKTI ) According to the difference in a particular devotee’s eligibility to receive them, these four types of mukti assume two forms: sva-sukha-aishvarya pradanakari (that which bestows transcendental happiness and opulence) and prema-seva-pradanakari (that which bestows loving transcendental service unto Bhagavan). Those who reach the Vaikuntha planets through these four types of liberation obtain the fruit of transcendental happiness and opulence. THAT IS WHY Servitors / devotees/premi-bhaktas/ ( loving devotees) of the Lord never accept such liberation under any circumstances. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- WHAT IS PREMA BHAKTI--------Prema(-bhakti is. The highest form of the love of God in Hinduism, comparable to para-bhakti, described as the desperate longing as of a drowning person for air. However, this condition is permanent and cannot be taken Bhakti literally means "attachment, participation, fondness for, homage, faith or love, devotion, worship, piety". Bhakti, in Hinduism, refers to devotion and the love of a personal god or a representational god by a devotee. BHAVA BHAKi is the first seed of love of Godhead. This emotional stage is there before one attains pure love. When that emotional stage intensifies, it is called prema-bhakti, or transcendental love of Godhead. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- WHAT IS KAIVALYA------- Kaivalya, is the supreme form of liberation wherein a practitioner is liberated while living. He is just like any other person in terms of his bodily appearance or behavior but he breaks the cycle of birth and death. Kaivalya mukti is extremely difficult to attain and only Yogis with highest caliber are blessed with it. It is this mukti that Maharshi Patanjali has described .. Kaivalya is a state of solitude, aloneness, isolation and detachment. The word is derived from the Sanskrit kevala, meaning "alone" or "isolated." It is a separation of purusha (Self or Soul) from prakriti (primal matter). The state of kaivalya is the main goal of ASTANG YOGA . It is a detachment and independence from relationships, egoism, attraction, aversion and the cycle of birth and death. One can achieve this state by performing austerities, yoga practice and discipline. One who achieves this state is called a Kevalin. but this stage is not possible without PREMA BHAKTI. "The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali" talks about a yogi who achieved kaivalya and is independent from all bonds. He attained the state of absolute consciousness, described in the chapter titled "Samadhi Pada." Kaivalya is the final stage of enlightenment that a yogi can reach, also called moksha or nirvana. In this state, the yogi becomes completely fearless and free. Although it is sometimes wrongly perceived as negation or annihilation, kaivalya is a state of total awareness. A yogi must isolate his/her soul completely from the matter and understand that his/her happiness is not connected to the external word. He/she realizes his/her independence and importance and then achieves kaivalya. Someone who wishes to attain kaivalya must overcome his/her desires and attachments. A kevalin is free from the modifications of the mind as well. As Patanjali says in the Sutras, "the soul finds its end in freedom, enlightenment and kaivalya." YOU COME IN TOUCH OF 'SATYA ' IN KAIVALYA ONLY....................SHIVOHAM