WHAT IS THE MEANING OF HIRANYAGARBHA ?
WHAT IS Hiranyagarbha Vs.
The Big Bang Theory?------ It would be interesting to note a clear connection between the mythological concept of the Hiranyagarbha and the Big Bang Theory as we know it today. Both these aspects talk about the creation of the world. Let us now try to draw a parallel between these two theories - one completely religious and the other, completely scientific! The Rig Veda----- The Nasadiya Sukta of the Rig Veda effectively describes the theory of evolution by saying that there was no existence, nor was there anything like non-existence, before the Hiranyagarbha. It further goes on to say that there was no air, no sky, no shelter, no cover, no day, no night, nothing at all. There was no water, no life or death, hence nothing such as mortal or immortal existed. There was only darkness - a vast, all-encompassing darkness. There only was a void, a huge, formless, blank, and nothing else. However, the Rig Veda also believes that it was the first Vaak (word), the Primordial Sound of 'Aum' that gave birth to the entire universe. From that word came the huge, monistic Golden Egg, the Golden Womb or the Hiranyagarbha of Hindu mythology. Lord Brahma is considered to be this Hiranyagarbha, as He created the world. Brahma, as His name suggests, was brought forth by the Supreme Being, Brahman Himself. Lord Vishnu descended Himself in order to protect and preserve this universe, while Lord Shiva, the god of destruction, took over the task of destroying several aspects of the world through the course of the different yugas (epochs). The Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva work together on the natural cosmic process of creation, preservation and destruction. Once Shiva carried out destruction, Brahma created yet again, which gave rise to the cyclical process of the cosmos. The Big Bang Theory-------------- Present-day Science believes that the entire process of evolution in this universe started with the Big Bang. But can one really conceptualize what actually happened before the Big Bang? The answer to this question is a definite NO. No concept of Time or Matter ever existed before the Big Bang - it all came into being much later. Similarly, one simply cannot imagine who actually created the Big Bang. That remains a mystery for ever. The Rig Veda, in this sense, conveys the same idea as that of the Big Bang Theory. It talks about the world being created out of sheer nothingness - no time, no matter, no space and no creator. The Puranas------------------ The Puranas also talk about the cyclical process of creation, destruction and re-creation. According to Hindu cosmology, a universe lasts for a time period of roughly 4,320,000 years, which amounts to one day in Brahma's life. Once each kalpa (eon - roughly a thousand 'Brahma years') reaches its end, the world is destroyed by the elements of fire or water. Hindu mythology believes that Brahma rests for one whole night, which lasts as long as His day. The process of destruction, called Pralaya (cataclysm), goes on in a cycle for a period of 100 'Brahma years'. This amounts to Brahma's lifespan being about 311 million human years. LORD BRAHMA---------------- According to Hindu calculations, Brahma is supposedly 51 years old at this time and so, it is approximately 155 trillion years since He was 'born'. Once His lifespan is over, another 100 Brahma years pass till the whole process of creation commences anew. This cycle of Brahma's 'birth' and 'death' go on forever. The lifespan of Lord Brahma is again divided into several Maha Yugas (that are one thousand cycles long), during which mankind is born and dies over and over again. Each of these Maha Yugas lasts roughly 4,320,000 years and is again divided into four stages or Yugas, based on the moral values in existence in that particular yuga. As the yugas progress from one stage to the other, morality, virtuosity and principles of righteousness deteriorate more and more, finally ending with the Kali Yuga or the Iron Age. The Kali Yuga will be the worst yuga, where there will be no appreciation for moral values, good conduct and righteousness. Once this yuga reaches its peak, there will be the pralaya and mass-scale destruction of the creation as a whole. According to the Hindu pantheon, the present Kali Yuga has begun at the midnight of 17th February in the year 3102 B.C. Hindu cosmology has always been advanced, explaining the complicated concept of relativity with extreme ease. As Dick Teresi, author and coauthor of several books about science and technology, including "The God Particle", puts it, "Indian cosmologists, the first to estimate the age of the earth at more than 4 billion years. They came closest to modern ideas of atomism, quantum physics, and other current theories. India developed very early, enduring atomist theories of matter. Possibly Greek atomistic thought was influenced by India, via the Persian civilization." -------SHIVOHAM