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MEANING OF SHANMUKHI MUDRA;- 07 FACTS;- 1-Shanmukhi mudra is a yogic hand gesture that represents closing the six gates of perception – the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. The term comes from the Sanskrit, shan, meaning “six”; mukhi, meaning “face” or “gate”; and mudra, meaning “gesture,” “mark” or “seal.” 2-Mudras are symbolic, ritualistic gestures used in yoga, Buddhism and Hinduism. “Mudra” is commonly used to describe a hand position in yoga and meditation that is believed to affect the flow of energy in the body and unblock chakras. There are numerous types of mudras, each thought to have a specific effect on the body and mind by clearing the psychic centers and energy channels. 3-Shan means six and mukha means the mouth. Shanmukha is the name of the six-headed god of war, also known as Kartikeya. Mudra means a seal or closing up. Shanmukhi Mudra is also called Parangmukhi’ Mudra (facing inwards), Shambhavi’ Mudra (Shambhu is the name of Shiva, father of Kartikeya. 4-Hence, Shambhava is the progeny of Shiva), also as Yoni Mudra. Yoni means the womb, the source. Shanmukhi or Yoni Mudra, "The complete gesture", "The closing of the six gates". It may also be called Yoni mantra. 5-The mudra is so called because the aspirant looks within himself to find the very source of his being. This mudra is usually practiced for five to 10 minutes, often in preparation for meditation. 6-Shanmukhi, from षण्मुख (ṣaṇmukha), having six mouths or faces. The term is composed of two Sanskrit words – ‘shat’ ( ṣaṭ six षट्) and ‘mukhi’ (मूकी mūkī mouths or gates; मुख mukha mouth). So the full name means the ‘six-gated mudra’. The six gates refer to the two eyes, two ears, nose and the mouth. 7-The purpose of the Shanmukhi Mudra is to symbolically shut the mind from the five senses so the mind can maintain an inward focus in the state of pratyahara (sense withdrawal) and get ready for meditation. TECHNIQUE OF SHANMUKHI MUDRA;- 04 FACTS;- 1-Sit in Padmasana. Keep the spine erect and the head level. Raise the hands to the face. Lift the elbows to the level of the shoulders; place the thumbs on the ear-holes so as to cut off external sounds. If the thumbs in the ear-hole cause pain, push the tragus (the small prominence at the entrance of the external ear) over the earholes and press it with the thumbs. 2-Close the eyelids, but turn the eyes up. Place the index and middle fingers on the closed lids so that the first two phalanges only press the entire eyeball. Do not, however, press the cornea. Pull the eyelids down with the middle finger. Push the upper part of the eyelids below the eyebrow upwards with the index fingers. Gently press the eyes at both the corners. 3-Equal pressure should be maintained on the ears and the eyes. With the tips of the ring fingers press both nostrils equally. The nasal passages are thus narrowed for slow, deep, steady, rhythmic and subtle breathing. The little fingers are placed on the upper lip where they can check the rhythmic flow of the breath. 4-Stay in this position as long as you can, drawing the vision inwards. PRESENTATION;- 07 FACTS;- 1-This is a technique of sensory isolation. The elbow are raised, shoulders backward and the following gestures are executed: 2-Closing of the ears with the thumbs 3-Closing of the eyes with second fingers resting on the eyelids 4-Closing of the nose with the third finger 5-Closing of the mouth by encircling it with the fourth and fifth gingers 6-The sensory isolation is established in Khechari Mudra and Mula Bandha which are maintained along the whole exercise. 7-The focus is on light and sound, by adopting Maddya Drishti in the inner vision. Breathing is the link, the orchestrator( to arrange or manipulate). PRECAUTION & PRACTICE;- 10 FACTS;- 1-This practice rests upon the three locks (Granthi), or Chakras of the root, heart and forehead. 2-In this technique, one opens and closes the nostrils alternatively by slightly moving the third fingers during breathing and breathing retention. The difficulty of the gesture is to maintain a coherent coordination of the fingers and of the breathing cycles. The third fingers must always be in touch with the nostrils. 3-While exhaling, imagine the air descending to the root, close the nostrils, pause and imagine the energy moving in the base as if doing three loops from front to back and top to bottom. 4-Upon completion of each loop, stimulate the root center through Ashvini Mudra (given below)while enunciating silently the Bija "OM". The simultaneous visualization, contraction, and enunciation at the level of the root are done three times. 5-Then, inhale through the nostrils, and visualize the air ascending to the heart, close the nostrils, halt half full, three times, again establish Ashvini Mudra, Bija 'Om', and the visualization of the loops in the heart. 6-Then, inhale through the nostrils, and visualize the air ascending to the forehead, close the nostrils, halt half full, three times, again establish Ashvini Mudra, and the visualization of the loops in the forehead. 7-Then, exhale through the nostrils, and visualize the air descending to the heart, close the nostrils, halt half empty, three times, again establish Ashvini Mudra, and the visualization of the loops in the heart. 8-Then, exhale through the nostrils, and visualize the air descending to the root, close the nostrils, halt half empty, three times, again establish Ashvini Mudra, and the visualization of the loops in the root. 9-Proceed in this way, without hurry, focus on the pathway of the movement, on the count of each loop on the contractions. Finally, when possible increase the count (loops and contractions) to 4 and then to 5, and more in an even way for each center. Increase the breathing in the half-breathing, without hurry, while feeling the vibration and light as well as the condensation of the energy in the spine. 10-If the practice is correct, it must generate intense heat and vibration as well as an enhancement of the perception of the sound and light. It is normal, in the beginning of this practice to feel uneasy or out of breath, or even to have to interrupt the exercise. In such cases, allow the breathing and focus to return, and start over, without hurry. However, do not practice less than three loops per center. EFFECT OF SHANMUKHI MUDRA 07 FACTS;- Shanmukhi mudra is credited with the following benefits: 1-Calms the mind and nervous system 2-Prevents and reduces anxiety, anger and irritation 3-Relaxes the eyes and facial nerves 4-Creates a state of pratyahara (withdrawal of energy from the senses) that promotes a meditative state 5-Shanmukhi mudra is typically performed while in siddhasana, or accomplished pose, a seated cross-legged posture with the feet tucked. In this mudra, the yogi should listen to the inner sounds and look for whatever colors or figures appear in the darkness. 6-The senses are turned inwards and the rhythmic breathing calms the mind’s wandering. This brings a feeling of inner peace and one hears the divine voice of his self within, ‘Look here! Look within! Not outside, for the source of all peace is within yourself.’ 7-Shanmukhi Mudra thus prepares the practitioner for the fifth stage of yoga, Pratyahara, where he attempts to free himself from the thraldom (the state of bondage/ slavery)of the senses and to prevent them from running after their desires. WHAT IS AHSWINI MUDRA(gesture of the horse) ? 02 FACTS;- 1-The word Ashwini means ‘Horse’. The practice is so-called because the anal contraction resembles the movement a horse makes with its sphincter immediately after evacuation of the bowels. This is a very powerful technique to pump the energy up into Manipura. This asana involves the contraction and relaxation of the buttock muscles, sphyncter, perineum, and the entire pelvic region. 2-These practices both generate intense energy in the lower body while keeping it contained. This builds up pressure in the energy channels. Once the containment is released, that pressurized energy shoots up the spine, breaking through any blocks or restrictions. STEPS;- 04 FACTS;- 1-Close the eyes and relax the whole body. 2-Become aware of the natural breathing process for a few minutes, and then take the awareness to the anus. 3-Contract the sphincter muscles of the anus for a few seconds without straining, then relax them for a few seconds. 4-Try to confine the action to the anal area. Repeat the practice for as long as possible. Contraction and relaxation should be performed smoothly and rhythmically. Gradually make the contractions more rapid. .....SHIVOHAM...