HOW CAN WE DIFFERENTIATE JNANA /JNANI &AATMA/JEEVATMA /PARMATMA ?
WHAT IS JNANA & WHO IS JNANI?-
1-Jnana means knowing orknowledge. In the scripturesit refers to self knowledge or knowledge of liberationwhich arises from either thestudy of the scriptures orcontemplation or meditationupon the Self.
2-A person who possesses such knowledge is known as jnani . A true knower of the Self, or a selfrealized yogi is truly qualified to be a jnani. A person who is well versed in the scriptures is alsooften referred to as a jnani. However, it is more appropriate tocall him a learned person (vidvan or pandit) rather than a self realized soul.
3-A true jnani is a seer, the one who has perceivedthe Self which hidden beyond the mind and the senses.In any knowing, where the mind and the senses are involved,there is always a subject and an object.
4-The subject is the Knower (jnani) and the object is the known (jneyam). The duality of the knower and the known is a common humanexperience.
5- However, it is transcended in the state of self absorption.Having the right knowledge is important in spiritual life tocultivate discernment and recognize the truths of existence.
6-An ignorant person becomes involved with his senses and thephysical aspects of his life such as the world, his body andmind or his family and friends, taking them for real.
7-On the other hand, a true knower (jnana) knows that the world is anillusion, and relationships are impermanent.
WHAT ARE THE QUALITIES OF A TRUE KNOWER( jnani)?
1-To know the right knowledge or perceive the truths ofexistence, you need purity and certain essential qualities. Youshould also be able to distinguish between truth and untruth,and between reality and illusion.
2-True knowledge arises only when you have the discernment (the ability to judge well) .
3-In the 13th Chapter of the Bhagavadgita, Lord Krishna defines the virtues of a trueknower or a wise person (jnana). They are listed below;----
1-Amanitvam,-------------------------- lacking pride
2-Adambhitvam,---------------------- humility or lacking vanity
5-Arjavam,--------------------------- sincerity or straightforwardness
6-Acharya upasanam,------------- service to the teacher
10-Vairagyam-------------, dispassion, sense restraint or detachment
11-Anahamkaram,---------- absence of egoism
12-Dosha anudarashna,------- seeing the blemishes or impurities ofbirth death, and sickness
14-Anabhisvanga,------------------------- detachment from family
15-Nitya samachittam,---------------------- equanimity at all times with no likes and dislikes16-Ananya bhaktih,--------------- devotion without any other avocation
17-Avyabhicharini,--------------- without mental perversions
18-Viviktadesasevitam,----------- preference for solitary places
19-Arati janasamsadi,-------------disinterest in socializing with people
20-Adhyatmajnana nityatvam,-------- always immersed in theknowledge of the Self
21-Tattvajnanartha darsanam------------ contemplating upon the nature of reality.
22-ACCORDING TO SHIVGEETA;-
---By birth a child is shudra. AT the time of UPNAIAN-SANSKAR becomes DwiJ.when studies FOUR VEDAS & UPNISHADS becomes VIPRA.& AT the time when get REALIZATION of FOUR VEDAS----considered Jnani .
WHERE DO WE STAND?
DIFFERENTIATION OF THREE;-ATMA/JIVATMA/PARAMATMA;--
1-Atma is a general term used to indicate the ultimate reality. Atma can be (for lack of better word) classified into two. One is jivatma, another is paramatma.
A-Jivatma refers to the ultimate reality of you and me.
B-Paramatma refers to God. There is only one paramatma - that is Brahman or God.
C-Atma is a very abstract term it is something which is devoid of all describable elements. It has no name, it has no form. It has no body. It is not the Mind. it is beyond knowledge, beyond ignorance. It is the core identity and the ultimate reality. 2-Jivatma is the individual, and Atma and Paramatma are Universal. 3-Paramathman is jeevathman covered in Maya. Once maya is lifted / understood from Jeevathman, it becomes Paramathman. Ultimately, Paramathman will rejoice with ParaBrahman to achieve liberation. HOW CAN WE DEFINE ATMA? 1-Atma simply means one's true Self. This is the root or fundamental entity of anything or any being that is eternal, unchangeable, unmodifiable and so on.
2-Atma can mean different things depending upon the context it is used. For living beings like us, atma means the soul about which Shri Krishna explains in the Gita using the following verses: 2-1-For the soul there is neither birth nor death at any time. He has not come into being, does not come into being, and will not come into being. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain. [BG - 2.20] 2-2-The soul can never be cut to pieces by any weapon, nor burned by ﬁre, nor moistened by water, nor withered by the wind. [BG - 2.23] 3-But atma can even mean Brahman or God also as He is the soul of everything. So when it is said only the atma was there in the beginning, atma there means God: - Atma alone was there in the beginning. HOW CAN WE DEFINE JIVATMA ?--- 1-Atma which is quality-less and attribute-less when gets combined with prakruti, forms different kinds of senses (both subtle and gross) and gets different material natures. This combination of atma and qualities arising from prakruti is called as jivatma.
2-Sri krishana says (in bhagwatgeeta- ---- Besides these (insentient matter), O mighty-armed Arjuna, there is another, superior energy of Mine, which comprises the living entities who are exploiting the resources of this material, inferior nature. It is the jivatma which resides in the physical body and in many other subtle bodies after casting off of the gross one. Jivatma or the jivas are sentient and eternal energy fragments of God: The living entities in this conditioned world are My eternal fragmental parts. Due to conditioned life, they are struggling very hard with the six senses, which include the mind. HOW CAN WE DEFINE PARAMATMA ?---- 1-Paramatma means supreme soul. If the self of the body is the soul, then Parmatma is the self of the soul. That is, the soul of the soul is the supreme soul: 2- Paramatma is the reservoir of all pleasure situated within the soul of every living being. 3-God basically has three forms or modes. Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagavan:---- Among these three......
3-1-In Barhman no attribute, no activity, no power is exhibited.
3-2-Parmatma exhibits only few more powers and dwells in the heart or soul of every being.
3-3-But in Bhagavan all power, all lila(pastimes) and all attributes are exhibited. 4-And the major difference between Jivatma and Paramatma is that, Jivatma is mayadhin, that is, he is under the influence of maya. But Paramatma is mayadhis, that is, He is the Lord of maya. And both over the atma or jivatma and maya rules one Lord who is known as God, Bhagavan, parmatma, etc.
THE DIFFERENCE OF THREE;--
14 FACTS;--- 1- Matter is perishable, immortal and imperishable is the soul. Both over the perishable and the soul rules one God. 2-Jeeva is made up of Three bodies:- 2-1-Sthula sarira or the gross body is the material physical mortal body that eats, breathes and moves (acts). 2-2-Sukshma sarira or the subtle body is the body of the mind and the vital energies, which keep the physical body alive. Together with the causal body it is the transmigrating soul or jiva, separating from the gross body upon death. 2-3-Karana sarira or the causal body is merely the cause or seed of the subtle body and the gross body. It has no other function than being the seed of the subtle and the gross body. It is nirvikalpa rupam, "undifferentiated form". It originates with avidhya, "ignorance" or "nescience" of the real identity of the atman, instead giving birth to the notion of jiva. 3-Jeevatma means combination of causal and subtle body as subtle body is unique for every individual based on his/her Sanskar and Vasanas 4-Aatma means Causal body, which is reflection created out of Paramatma, under the veils of ignorance/Maya. Paramatma/Brahman is Nirvikalp reality, that reflects into Aatma(individual soul).
5-The difference between Aatma and Brahman can only be removed through Brahman Gyan, which leads to Kaivalya Moksha(non-dual union) as explained in Shiv Geeta. 6-The Jeeva is the symbol of Maya. Further it can be said that Jeeva is the part of Maya. 7-Atma is the symbol of Paramaatama. Thus it is also known as the part of the Paramaatma(Supreme God). 8-Jeevatma, it is the most important element many are confused in this. These are all known by self-realization. When the Jeeva and Aatma meets takes the form known as Jeevatma.
9-At the first time, at meeting point of God and Maya, All the universe are exist in the form, all lives takes the form. Thus in the spirituality, this meeting point known as manthan(to have a wish for Dharma, i.e. Truth.), as soon as manthan starts Jeevatma's takes forms. Science also says that the universe is spreading.
10-In the universe we know this manthan as methun. Both two part when meets in dark room with the wish of sex generation takes place. Thus in short methun drived from manthan(thought). 11-Paramaatma- is the supreme soul. Its composed by two words i.e. par+Aatmaa. Means it has the supreme from all souls and It has the supremacy over all Souls. One word is rest to elaborate known as Maya. Maya is the darkness self. 12-Thus Maya and Paramaatma are two pole. We can understand them as Paramaatma(Positive energy) And Maya(Negative Energy). Reason of Universe-When the Brahm(God) or light meets with Maya(Darkness), the universe takes palace. 13-Atma is higher soul, never takes birth. JeevAtma a portion of Higher soul takes birth. Jeev atma by name itself means the atma that takes birth. Jeev atma is always conected to the Atma. 14-Atma is our real self. It is the whole soul that fully does not incarnate.Only a part of the Higher soul called Atma incarnates, this is the JeevAtma,our lower soul that takes birth and is connected to the Higher Soul which is called Atma. .....SHIVOHAM......