WHAT IS PANCHPRANVAYU IN HINDUISM?--PRANAYAMA-01
WHAT IS THE NEED TO KNOW ABOUT PRANVAYU ?-
1-To understand the pran, let’s first understand the body. What is body? How does it function? According to Hinduism, body is the God given vehicle to attain salvation for the soul. The soul is firmly attached to the three kinds of body, just as the germ of the seed is attached to the three kinds of layers of the fruit. As long as it has this attachment, soul cannot go to the abode of God, because body cannot go there and so the soul firmly attached to it.
The purpose of the life, according to Hinduism, is not to be born, live for hundred years, and die, again and again, during which we gain something and lose something, we enjoy little and suffer more, and at the end we leave everything here on this earth and cannot take anything with us.
3-This is not we were meant for. God gave us this life to help others, to enjoy the bliss of God and to let others enjoy the same, to attain freedom and liberation from the cycle of births and deaths by offering devotion to God and by serving to His devotees. So, let’s try to understand the body first to understand the pran.
THE ROLE OF VITAL PANCHPRANVAYU IN HUMAN BODY ;-
Body can be compared with the factory producing energy in the form of carrier molecules. It has three major divisions;--
1- IN DIVISION;-
First, the resources division or “In” division: The raw materials are air and food. Air has oxygen in it and food has necessary nutrients and water in it. They are the key elements for survival of body factory. They are gathered and concentrated or breakdown in tiny pieces by two main systems: the respiratory and gastrointestinal systems, governed by Pran and Udan,respectively.
Second, the transportation and distribution division or the central transverse (crosswise)division: After gathering resources are then transported and distributed for processing by circulatory system governed by Saman.
3-WASTE MANAGEMENT DIVISION;-
Third, the waste management division or “Out” section: After processing the resources, waste management is done by excretory system and the expansion or growth is done, if needed, by reproductive system both of which are governed by Apan.
4-WHAT IS UTILIZATION PROCESS?
Finally, the end products are produced and utilized for specific purposes, such as, growth, movements, mobility, routine maintenance, repair, pleasure, cognition, etc. Since body cannot store the energy, the production and utilization of the end products are done instantaneously and side-by-side. The excess or surplus of raw material gathered or created are stored in different parts of the body for emergency uses. The whole production and utilization process is governed by Vyan. This summarizes, in short, the functions of prans in the body.
WHAT IS PANCHPRANVAYU IN HINDUISM?-
1-The prana, which appears as the shape of all living organisms of the planet, is nothing less than a modification of the prana, which makes up the sun. Prana assumes two phases of existence, the solar, positive lifematter and the lunar, negative life matter.
All the various modifications of these two forms of prana constitute the total of our world appearance.
2-The word prana is used in two senses, general and specific. In a general sense, it is known as pranana. In the physical being, prana acquires different names according to its various functions or motive powers, known as vayus. The word vayu comes from root ‘va,” which means to move. Vayu also means wind or air current.
3-Vayus are the motive powers or functions of prana. Any motion in any of the vayu centers directly affects a specific region of the body. Prana has different names according to their functions in the body.
4-There are five major prana vayus that carry on major functioning in the body and five that are classified as minor prana vayu, which are modifications of the major five. These vayus or air currents exist both in the physical and subtle bodies, functioning through the body, mind and senses.
5-The body comprises of 49 airs of which 5 are vital and 5 subsidiary, each with different functions.
6-Prans provide all the energy or vitality to our body. Prans control all the functions of our body. “All that exists here is under the control of pran.” Therefore, it is said in the Upanishads that, pran moves our hands and feet. Pran moves our eyes and tongue. Pran moves our lungs and the heart. Pran is responsible for all the actions in our body. Without pran the body cannot function.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF VITAL PANCHPRANVAYU;-
THE MAJOR VAYUS >PART OF BODY> FUNCTION
1-PRAN--VAYU; >Head,Third-eye,Chest,>Governs intake, inspiration, propulsion(pressure), forward momentum
2-APAN-VAYU; >Pelvis>Governs elimination, downward and outward movement
3-SAMANA-VAYU; >Navel>Governs assimilation, discernment, inner absorption, consolidation
4-UDANA-VAYU; >Throat>Governs growth, speech, expression, ascension, upward movement
5-VYANA-VAYU; >Whole body>Governs circulation on all levels, expansiveness, pervasivenes.
Balance and harmony between these five energy currents result in good physical and mental health, while disturbance of their harmony produces debilitation and disease. The mind is also energy and if the prana becomes disturbed the mind is likewise disturbed. When the pranas are balanced, the mind is also balanced. They have an immediate influence on each other.
THE DESCRIPTION OF PANCHPRANVAYU;- 1-PRAN-VAYU;-
1-The two most important Vayus are Prana-Vayu and Apana-Vayu. Prana–Vayu is situated in the head, centered in the third-eye, and its energy pervades the chest region. The flow of Prana-Vayu is inwards and upward. 2-It nourishes the brain and the eyes and governs reception of all things: food, air, senses, and thoughts. This Vayu is the fundamental energy in the body and directs and feeds into the four other Vayus.
3-To experience Prana-Vayu: Close your eyes, sit or stand with a long spine and relaxed body, and as you inhale feel an energy flowing up the torso (the trunk of the human body )from the belly to the third-eye. 2-APAN-VAYU;--
1-Apana–Vayu is situated in the pelvic floor and its energy pervades the lower abdomen. The flow of Apana-Vayu is downwards and out and its energy nourishes the organs of digestion, reproduction and elimination. 2-Apana-Vayu governs the elimination of all substances from the body: carbon monoxide, urine, stool, etc.
3-To experience Apana-Vayu: Close your eyes, sit or stand with a long spine and relaxed body, and as you exhale feel an energy flowing down the torso from the top of the head to the tailbone.
1-In the middle (known in Hinduism as Navel or central region) is Saman. Both sets of opposite processes or functions, for example, “in” and “out” of the resources and waste products, energy production and energy utilization, catabolism and anabolism, and growth and destruction of cells are balanced by Saman.
2-Samana–Vayu is situated in the abdomen with its energy centered in the navel. The flow of Samana-Vayu moves from the periphery( the outer limits )of the body to the center.
3-It governs the digestion and assimilation of all substances: food, air, experiences, emotions and thoughts.
4-To experience Samana-Vayu: Close your eyes, sit or stand with a long spine and relaxed body, and as you inhale and exhale feel the breath rising and falling in the front, sides and back of the torso.
1-Udana–Vayu is situated in the throat and it has a circular flow around the neck and head.Udan in Hinduism, known as upward process.
2-It functions to “hold us up” and governs speech, self-expression and growth.
3-To experience Udana-Vayu: Close your eyes, sit or stand with a long spine and relaxed body, and as you inhale and exhale feel the breath circulating around and through the head and neck.
03 FACTS;- 1-Vyana–Vayu is situated in the heart and lungs and flows throughout the entire body. The flow of Vyana-Vayu moves from the center of the body to the periphery.Vyan in Hinduism, known as transverse(crosswise )process.
2-It governs circulation of all substances throughout the body, and assists the other Vayus with their functions.
3-To experience Vyana-Vayu: Close your eyes, sit or stand with a long spine and relaxed body, and as you inhale feel the breath radiating outward from the navel to the arms and legs.
THE MOST IMPORTANT ROLE OF PRAN & APAN;-
1-The most important vital elements, oxygen and nutrients, gathered and processed by the respiratory system and by the gastrointestinal system are governed by Pran and Udan, respectively, on one side.
2-Pran controls respiration and Udan controls digestion grossly. Both together ultimately produce the most important energy in the form of chemical energy (ATPs) necessary for the growth and maintenance and in the form of chemical free energy (heat). The processes are known as cellular respiration and catabolism.
3-The energy released is utilized instantaneously for growth and differentiation of cells and synthesis of complex molecules by anabolic pathways and the most toxic elements, carbon dioxide and waste products, such as lactic acid, acetic acid, ammonia, and urea, are removed from the body by the excretory system. Both are governed by Vyan and Apan, respectively, on the other side.
4-Vyan controls overall metabolism and Apan controls overall excretion. Pran (also known as inward process) and Apan (outward process) functions oppositely from each other. Pran means inhaled breathing and Apan means exhaled breathing. THE APPLICATION OF PANCHVAYU;--
1-Awareness of one or more Vayu has several applications in yoga, and is most easily illustrated within a yoga posture. The awareness of Prana-Vayu creates a focus to lift, lengthen and open the upper body.
2-The awareness of Apana-Vayu creates a focus to ground and stabilize the lower body.
3-The awareness of Samana-Vayu creates a focus to open and relax the body.
4-The awareness of Udana-Vayu creates a focus to maintain a long spine and a correct posture.
5-The awareness of Vyana-Vayu creates a focus of strength and fluid movement body.
NAME FIVE SUBSIDIARY AIRS(VAYUS);---
The next 5 airs are subsidiary Airs;- 1-Naga Air >----It causes the action of belching. 2-Kurma Air->---It controls the function of batting of eyelids. 3-Krikara Air-->--It regulates the function of sneezing. 4-Devadatta Air->---It produces yawn when the body is depleted with oxygen. 5-Dhananjaya Air -->--It occasions the grave internal Pranayama sound.
THE KEY POINTS;-
1-Once, five main faculties of our body – the mind (antahkaran), breath (pran), speech (tongue), hearing (ear) and vision or sight (eye) – were arguing with each other as to which one of them was the best and most important.
2-To resolve their dispute they decided that each one would leave the body and see whose absence was most missed. First speech left the body but the body, though mute, continued to live. Next the eyes left but the body, though blind, continued to live. Next the ears left but the body, though deaf, continued to live. Then, the mind left but the body, though unconscious, continued to live.
3-Finally the Pran (vital functions), one by one, began to leave and the body began to die and all the other faculties began to lose their energy and functions. They all rushed to Pran and told it to stay, accepting its supremacy. Clearly Pran won the argument. Pran gives energy or vitality to all our faculties of the body, without which they cannot function. Control of the pran is very important to sustain our lives. ......SHIVOHAM...